Project #24 – RTOS – Bluetooth – Mk03

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #ESP32 #RTOS #FreeRTOS #Bluetooth #ThumbJoystick #Keyboard #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Bluetooth

——

Bluetooth

——

Bluetooth

——

Joystick

A joystick is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling. Joysticks are often used to control video games, and usually have one or more push-buttons whose state can also be read by the computer. A popular variation of the joystick used on modern video game consoles is the analog stick. Joysticks are also used for controlling machines such as cranes, trucks, underwater unmanned vehicles, wheelchairs, surveillance cameras, and zero turning radius lawn mowers. This is a joystick very similar to the analog joysticks on PS2 controllers. Directional movements are simply two potentiometers, one for each axis. Pots are 10k Ohm each. This joystick also has a select button that is actuated when the joystick is pressed down.

DL2210Mk04

1 x Adafruit HUZZAH32 – ESP32 Feather
1 x Lithium Ion Battery – 2500mAh
1 x Thumb Joystick
1 x SparkFun Thumb Joystick Breakout
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

ESP32 Feather

JY0 – Analog A0
JY1 – Analog A5
SE0 – Digital 12
LED – Digital 13
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

——

DL2210Mk04p.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #24 - RTOS - Bluetooth - Mk03
24-03
DL2210Mk04p.ino
1 x Adafruit HUZZAH32 – ESP32 Feather
1 x Lithium Ion Battery - 2500mAh
1 x Thumb Joystick
1 x SparkFun Thumb Joystick Breakout
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// FreeRTOS ESP32
#if CONFIG_FREERTOS_UNICORE
#define ARDUINO_RUNNING_CORE 0
#else
#define ARDUINO_RUNNING_CORE 1
#endif
// ESP32 BLE Keyboard
#include <BleKeyboard.h>

// ESP32 BLE Keyboard
BleKeyboard bleKeyboard;

// Connections to joystick
// Vertical
const int VERT = A0;
// Horizontal
const int HORIZ = A5;
// Pushbutton
const int SEL = 12;
// Initialize variables for analog and digital values
int vertical;
int horizontal;
int selec;

// Led Built In
#ifndef LED_BUILTIN
#define LED_BUILTIN 13
#endif

// Define two tasks for Blink
void isTaskBlink( void *pvParameters );

// Software Version Information
String sver = "24-03";

void loop() {

  // ESP32 BLE Keyboard
  if(bleKeyboard.isConnected()) {

    // Thumb Joystick
    isThumbJoystick();

  }

  // Delay
  delay( 1000 );
  
}

getTasks.ino

// Tasks
// Setup Task
void isSetupTask(){

  // Now set up two tasks to run independently
  // TaskBlink
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore(
    isTaskBlink
    ,  "TaskBlink"   // A name just for humans
    ,  1024  // This stack size can be checked & adjusted by reading.
    ,  NULL
    ,  2  // Priority, with 2 being the highest, and 0 being the lowest.
    ,  NULL 
    ,  ARDUINO_RUNNING_CORE);

  // Now the task scheduler, which takes over control of scheduling individual tasks,
  // is automatically started.
  
}
// This is a Task Blink
void isTaskBlink(void *pvParameters)
{
  
  (void) pvParameters;

  // Blink
  // Turns on an LED on for 2 second, then off for 2 second, repeatedly

  // Initialize digital LED_BUILTIN on pin 13 as an output.
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);

  // A Task shall never return or exit
  for (;;) 
  {
    
    // Turn the LED on (HIGH is the voltage level)
    digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);
    // One tick delay in between reads
    vTaskDelay(2000);
    // Turn the LED off by making the voltage LOW
    digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, LOW);
    // One tick delay in between reads
    vTaskDelay(2000);
    
  }
  
}

getThumbJoystick.ino

// Thumb Joystick
void isThumbJoystick() {

  // Read all values from the joystick
  // Joystick was sitting around 2047 for the vertical and horizontal values
  // Will be 0-4095
  // Vertical
  vertical = analogRead(VERT);
  if (vertical == 4095) {

    // Volume Up
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_MEDIA_VOLUME_UP);
    
  } else if (vertical == 0) {

    // Volume Down
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_MEDIA_VOLUME_DOWN);
    
  }
  // Horizontal
  // Will be 0-4095
  horizontal = analogRead(HORIZ);
  if (horizontal == 4095) {

    // Previous Track
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_MEDIA_PREVIOUS_TRACK);
    
  } else if (horizontal == 0) {

    // Next Track
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_MEDIA_NEXT_TRACK);
    
  }
  // Will be HIGH (1) if not pressed, and LOW (0) if pressed
  selec = digitalRead(SEL);
  if (selec == 0) {

    // Play/Pause media key
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_MEDIA_PLAY_PAUSE);
    
  }

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // Make the SEL line an input
  pinMode(SEL, INPUT_PULLUP);

  // ESP32 BLE Keyboard
  bleKeyboard.begin();

  // Setup Task
  isSetupTask();
  
}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor and E-Mentor

  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2022 English & Español
https://www.jlpconsultants.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Web: https://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #24 – RTOS – FreeRTOS – Mk01

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #ESP32 #RTOS #FreeRTOS #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

FreeRTOS

——

FreeRTOS

——

FreeRTOS

——

Real-Time Operating System

A real-time operating system (RTOS) is an operating system for real-time applications that processes data and events that have critically defined time constraints. A RTOS is distinct from a time-sharing operating system, such as Unix, which manages the sharing of system resources with a scheduler, data buffers, or fixed task prioritization in a multitasking or multiprogramming environment. Processing time requirements need to be fully understood and bound rather than just kept as a minimum. All processing must occur within the defined constraints. Real-time operating systems are event-driven and preemptive, meaning the OS is capable of monitoring the relevant priority of competing tasks, and make changes to the task priority. Event-driven systems switch between tasks based on their priorities, while time-sharing systems switch the task based on clock interrupts.

FreeRTOS

FreeRTOS is a real-time operating system kernel for embedded devices that has been ported to 35 microcontroller platforms. It is distributed under the MIT License. FreeRTOS is designed to be small and simple. It is mostly written in the C programming language to make it easy to port and maintain. It also comprises a few assembly language functions where needed, mostly in architecture-specific scheduler routines.

FreeRTOS is ideally suited to deeply embedded real-time applications that use microcontrollers or small microprocessors. This type of application normally includes a mix of both hard and soft real-time requirements. Soft real-time requirements are those that state a time deadline, but breaching the deadline would not render the system useless. For example, responding to keystrokes too slowly might make a system seem annoyingly unresponsive without actually making it unusable.

DL2210Mk02

1 x Adafruit HUZZAH32 – ESP32 Feather
1 x 100K Potentiometer
1 x Knob
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

ESP32 Feather

PO0 – Analog A0
LED – Digital 13
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

DL2210Mk02p.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #24 - RTOS - FreeRTOS - Mk01
24-01
DL2210Mk02p.ino
1 x Adafruit HUZZAH32 – ESP32 Feather
1 x 100K Potentiometer
1 x Knob
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// FreeRTOS ESP32
#if CONFIG_FREERTOS_UNICORE
#define ARDUINO_RUNNING_CORE 0
#else
#define ARDUINO_RUNNING_CORE 1
#endif

// Led Built In
#ifndef LED_BUILTIN
#define LED_BUILTIN 13
#endif

// Define two tasks for Blink & AnalogRead
void isTaskBlink( void *pvParameters );
void isTaskAnalogReadA0( void *pvParameters );

// Software Version Information
String sver = "24-01";

void loop() {

  // Empty
  // Things are done in Tasks
  
}

getTasks.ino

// Tasks
// This is a Task Blink
void isTaskBlink(void *pvParameters)
{
  
  (void) pvParameters;

  // Blink
  // Turns on an LED on for 2 second, then off for 2 second, repeatedly

  // Initialize digital LED_BUILTIN on pin 13 as an output.
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);

  // A Task shall never return or exit
  for (;;) 
  {
    
    // Turn the LED on (HIGH is the voltage level)
    digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);
    // One tick delay in between reads
    vTaskDelay(2000);
    // Turn the LED off by making the voltage LOW
    digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, LOW);
    // One tick delay in between reads
    vTaskDelay(2000);
    
  }
  
}
// This is a Task Analog Read Serial
void isTaskAnalogReadA0(void *pvParameters)
{
  
  (void) pvParameters;
  
  // Analog Read Serial
  // Reads an analog input on pin A0, prints the result to the serial monitor

  for (;;)
  {
    
    // Read the input on analog pin A0
    int sensorValueA0 = analogRead(A0);
    // Print out the value you read
    Serial.print( "Pot A0: " );
    Serial.println(sensorValueA0);
    // One tick delay (15ms) in between reads for stability
    vTaskDelay(100);
    
  }
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // Initialize serial communication
  // at 115200 bits per second
  Serial.begin(115200);
  
  // Now set up two tasks to run independently
  // TaskBlink
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore(
    isTaskBlink
    ,  "TaskBlink"   // A name just for humans
    ,  1024  // This stack size can be checked & adjusted by reading.
    ,  NULL
    ,  2  // Priority, with 2 being the highest, and 0 being the lowest.
    ,  NULL 
    ,  ARDUINO_RUNNING_CORE);
  
  // AnalogReadA0
  xTaskCreatePinnedToCore(
    isTaskAnalogReadA0
    ,  "AnalogReadA0"
    ,  1024  // Stack size
    ,  NULL
    ,  1  // Priority
    ,  NULL 
    ,  ARDUINO_RUNNING_CORE);

  // Now the task scheduler, which takes over control of scheduling individual tasks,
  // is automatically started.
  
}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor and E-Mentor

  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2022 English & Español
https://www.jlpconsultants.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Web: https://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #16: Sound – Bluetooth – Mk21

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #ESP32 #Bluetooth #ThumbJoystick #Keyboard #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Bluetooth

——

Bluetooth

——

Bluetooth

——

Bluetooth

Bluetooth is a short-range wireless technology standard that is used for exchanging data between fixed and mobile devices over short distances and building personal area networks. It employs UHF radio waves in the ISM bands, from 2.402 GHz to 2.48 GHz. It is mainly used as an alternative to wire connections, to exchange files between nearby portable devices, computer and connect cell phones and music players with wireless headphones. In the most widely used mode, transmission power is limited to 2.5 milliwatts, giving it a very short range of up to 10 metres.

DL2210Mk01

1 x Adafruit HUZZAH32 – ESP32 Feather
1 x Lithium Ion Battery – 2500mAh
1 x Thumb Joystick
1 x SparkFun Thumb Joystick Breakout
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

ESP32 Feather

JY0 – Analog A0
JY1 – Analog A5
SE0 – Digital 13
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

——

DL2210Mk01p.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #16: Sound - Bluetooth - Mk21
16-21
DL2210Mk01p.ino
1 x Adafruit HUZZAH32 – ESP32 Feather
1 x Lithium Ion Battery - 2500mAh
1 x Thumb Joystick
1 x SparkFun Thumb Joystick Breakout
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// ESP32 BLE Keyboard
#include <BleKeyboard.h>

// ESP32 BLE Keyboard
BleKeyboard bleKeyboard;

// Connections to joystick
// Vertical
const int VERT = A0;
// Horizontal
const int HORIZ = A5;
// Pushbutton
const int SEL = 13;
// Initialize variables for analog and digital values
int vertical;
int horizontal;
int selec;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "16-21";

void loop() {

  // ESP32 BLE Keyboard
  if(bleKeyboard.isConnected()) {

    // Thumb Joystick
    isThumbJoystick();

  }

  // Delay
  delay( 1000 );
  
}

getThumbJoystick.ino

// Thumb Joystick
void isThumbJoystick() {

  // Read all values from the joystick
  // Joystick was sitting around 2047 for the vertical and horizontal values
  // Will be 0-4095
  // Vertical
  vertical = analogRead(VERT);
  if (vertical == 4095) {

    // Volume Up
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_MEDIA_VOLUME_UP);
    
  } else if (vertical == 0) {

    // Volume Down
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_MEDIA_VOLUME_DOWN);
    
  }
  // Horizontal
  // Will be 0-4095
  horizontal = analogRead(HORIZ);
  if (horizontal == 4095) {

    // Previous Track
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_MEDIA_PREVIOUS_TRACK);
    
  } else if (horizontal == 0) {

    // Next Track
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_MEDIA_NEXT_TRACK);
    
  }
  // Will be HIGH (1) if not pressed, and LOW (0) if pressed
  selec = digitalRead(SEL);
  if (selec == 0) {

    // Play/Pause media key
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_MEDIA_PLAY_PAUSE);
    
  }

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // Make the SEL line an input
  pinMode(SEL, INPUT_PULLUP);

  // ESP32 BLE Keyboard
  bleKeyboard.begin();
  
}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor and E-Mentor

  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2022 English & Español
https://www.jlpconsultants.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Web: https://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #21 – Nixie – Stopwatch – Mk04

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #NixieTube #Nixie #ArduiNIX #ArduinoMega2560 #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Stopwatch

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Stopwatch

——

Stopwatch

——

Stopwatch

A stopwatch is a timepiece designed to measure the amount of time that elapses between its activation and deactivation. In manual timing, the clock is started and stopped by a person pressing a button. The timing functions are traditionally controlled by two buttons on the case. Pressing the top button starts the timer running, and pressing the button a second time stops it, leaving the elapsed time displayed. A press of the second button then resets the stopwatch to zero. The second button is also used to record split times or lap times. When the split time button is pressed while the watch is running it allows the elapsed time to that point to be read, but the watch mechanism continues running to record total elapsed time. Pressing the split button a second time allows the watch to resume display of total time.

DL2209Mk04

1 x Arduino Mega 2560 R2
1 x ArduiNIX V3 Tube Driver Shield Kit
1 x IN-17×8 V1 Tube Board Kit
1 x Anode / Cathode Connector Cable Set
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x CR1220 12mm Coin Cell Battery
2 x Rocker Switch – SPST
5 x 10K Ohm
1 x Momentary Button – Panel Mount (Blue)
2 x Momentary Button – Panel Mount (Black)
1 x SparkFun ProtoShield
1 x 9V 1000mA Power Supply
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Arduino Mega 2560 R2

SN2 – 2
SN3 – 3
SN4 – 4
SN5 – 5
SN6 – 6
SN7 – 7
SN8 – 8
SN9 – 9
AN10 – 10
AN11 – 11
AN12 – 12
AN13 – 13
SDA – 20
SCL – 21
RO0 – 53
RO1 – 51
MB0 = 49
MB1 = 47
MB2 = 45
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
VIN – +9V
GND – GND

DL2209Mk04p.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #21 - Nixie - Stopwatch - Mk04
21-04
DL2209Mk04p.ino
1 x Arduino Mega 2560 R2
1 x ArduiNIX V3 Tube Driver Shield Kit
1 x IN-17x8 V1 Tube Board Kit
1 x Anode / Cathode Connector Cable Set
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x CR1220 12mm Coin Cell Battery
2 x Rocker Switch - SPST
5 x 10K Ohm
1 x Momentary Button - Panel Mount (Blue)
2 x Momentary Button - Panel Mount (Black)
1 x 9V 1000mA Power Supply
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// Wire you to communicate with I2C/TWI devices
// Date and Time DS3231 RTC
#include "RTClib.h"

// SN74141 (1)
int ledPin_0_a = 2;                
int ledPin_0_b = 3;
int ledPin_0_c = 4;
int ledPin_0_d = 5;

// SN74141 (2)
int ledPin_1_a = 6;                
int ledPin_1_b = 7;
int ledPin_1_c = 8;
int ledPin_1_d = 9;

// Anode pins
int ledPin_a_1 = 10;
int ledPin_a_2 = 11;
int ledPin_a_3 = 12;
int ledPin_a_4 = 13;

// Fade
float fadeMax = 0.1f;
float fadeStep = 0.1f;
// Number Array
int NumberArray[8]={0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};
int currNumberArray[8]={0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};
float NumberArrayFadeInValue[8]={0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f};
float NumberArrayFadeOutValue[8]={5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f};

// Date and time functions using a DS3231 RTC
RTC_DS3231 RTC;

// Rocker Switch - SPST
// Rocker Switch 0
const int iRO0 = 53;
// State
int iRO0State = 0;
// Rocker Switch 1
const int iRO1 = 51;
// State
int iRO1State = 0;

// Momentary Button
const int iStartP = 49;
const int iStopP = 47;
const int iResetP = 45;

// Setting hours, minutes, secound and miliseconds to 0
int iH = 0;
int iM = 0;
int iS = 0;
int iMS = 0;
int iMSS = 0;

// Defines starting points
int iStart = 0;
int iStop1 = 0;
int iReset = 0;

// Get the high and low order values for hours,min,seconds. 
int lowerHours = 0;
int upperHours = 0;
int lowerMins = 0;
int upperMins = 0;
int lowerSeconds = 0;
int upperSeconds = 0;
int lowerMiliseconds = 0;
int upperMiliseconds = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "21-04";

void loop() {

  // Read the state of the Switch value
  iRO1State = digitalRead(iRO1);
  
  // If it is the Switch State is HIGH
  if (iRO1State == HIGH) {
  
    // Stopwatch
    isStart();

  } else {

    // Date ans Time
    isTimeRTC();
    
  }

}

getDisplayFadeNumber.ino

// Display Fade Number
void DisplayFadeNumberString()
{
 
  // Anode channel 1 - numerals 0,4
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[0],currNumberArray[4]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_1, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[0]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[0],NumberArray[4]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[0]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_1, LOW);
  
  // Anode channel 2 - numerals 1,5
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[1],currNumberArray[5]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_2, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[1]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[1],NumberArray[5]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[1]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_2, LOW);
  
  // Anode channel 3 - numerals 2,6
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[2],currNumberArray[6]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_3, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[2]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[2],NumberArray[6]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[2]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_3, LOW);
  
  // Anode channel 4 - numerals 3,7
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[3],currNumberArray[7]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_4, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[3]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[3],NumberArray[7]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[3]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_4, LOW);
  
  // Loop thru and update all the arrays, and fades.
  for( int i = 0 ; i < 8 ; i ++ ) //equal to & of digits
  {
    if( NumberArray[i] != currNumberArray[i] )
    {
      NumberArrayFadeInValue[i] += fadeStep;
      NumberArrayFadeOutValue[i] -= fadeStep;
  
      if( NumberArrayFadeInValue[i] >= fadeMax )
      {
        NumberArrayFadeInValue[i] = 2.0f;
        NumberArrayFadeOutValue[i] = 4.0f; //affects the refresh cycle
        currNumberArray[i] = NumberArray[i];
      }
    }
  }
  
}

getRTCDS3231.ino

// DS3231 Precision RTC
// Setup RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC   
  RTC.begin();
  if (! RTC.begin() ) {
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (RTC.lostPower()) {
    
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    RTC.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // August 2, 2021 at 13:53:0 you would call:
    // RTC.adjust(DateTime(2022, 4, 26, 11, 39, 0));
    
  }
  
}
// Date ans Time - isTimeRTC
void isTimeRTC() {

  // Date and Time
  DateTime now = RTC.now();

  // Read the state of the Switch value
  iRO0State = digitalRead(iRO0);
  
  // If it is the Switch State is HIGH
  if (iRO0State == HIGH) {


    // Get the high and low order values for hours, minute, seconds
    int lowerHours = now.hour() % 10;
    int upperHours = now.hour() - lowerHours;
    int lowerMins = now.minute() % 10;
    int upperMins = now.minute() - lowerMins;
    int lowerSeconds = now.second() % 10;
    int upperSeconds = now.second() - lowerSeconds;
    
    // 10 >= hours, minute, seconds
    if( upperSeconds >= 10 )   upperSeconds = upperSeconds / 10;
    if( upperMins >= 10 )      upperMins = upperMins / 10;
    if( upperHours >= 10 )     upperHours = upperHours / 10;
    if( upperHours == 0 && lowerHours == 0 )
    {
      
      upperHours = 1;
      lowerHours = 2;
      
    }

    // Fill in the Number array used to display on the Nixie tubes
    NumberArray[7] = upperHours;
    NumberArray[6] = lowerHours;
    NumberArray[5] = 0;
    NumberArray[4] = upperMins;
    NumberArray[3] = lowerMins;
    NumberArray[2] = 0;
    NumberArray[1] = upperSeconds; 
    NumberArray[0] = lowerSeconds;

  } else {

    // Get the high and low order values for year, month, day
    int iYear = now.year() - 2000;
    int lowerYear = iYear % 10;
    int upperYear = iYear - lowerYear;
    int lowerMonth = now.month() % 10;
    int upperMonth = now.month() - lowerMonth;
    int lowerDay = now.day() % 10;
    int upperDay = now.day() - lowerDay;

    // 10 >= year, month, day
    if( upperDay >= 10 )   upperDay = upperDay / 10;
    if( upperMonth >= 10 )      upperMonth = upperMonth / 10;
    if( upperYear >= 10 )     upperYear = upperYear / 10;

    // Fill in the Number array used to display on the Nixie tubes
    NumberArray[7] = 2;
    NumberArray[6] = 0;
    NumberArray[5] = upperYear;
    NumberArray[4] = lowerYear;
    NumberArray[3] = upperMonth;
    NumberArray[2] = lowerMonth;
    NumberArray[1] = upperDay; 
    NumberArray[0] = lowerDay;
  
  }
  
  // Display
  DisplayFadeNumberString();
  
}

getSN74141.ino

// SN74141
// SN74141 : Truth Table
//D C B A #
//L,L,L,L 0
//L,L,L,H 1
//L,L,H,L 2
//L,L,H,H 3
//L,H,L,L 4
//L,H,L,H 5
//L,H,H,L 6
//L,H,H,H 7
//H,L,L,L 8
//H,L,L,H 9
// isSetupSN74141
void isSetupSN74141(){

  pinMode(ledPin_0_a, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_0_b, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_0_c, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_0_d, OUTPUT);    
  
  pinMode(ledPin_1_a, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_1_b, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_1_c, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_1_d, OUTPUT);      
  
  pinMode(ledPin_a_1, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_a_2, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_a_3, OUTPUT);   
  pinMode(ledPin_a_4, OUTPUT);    

}
// SetSN74141Chips
void SetSN74141Chips( int num2, int num1 )
{
  
  // Set defaults
  // Will display a zero.
  int a = 0;
  int b = 0;
  int c = 0;
  int d = 0;
  
  // Load the a,b,c,d.. to send to the SN74141 IC (1)
  switch( num1 )
  {
    case 0:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 1:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 2:
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 3:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 4:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 5:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 6: 
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 7:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 8:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    case 9:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    default:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=1;
      break;
  }  
  
  // Write to output pins.
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_d, d);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_c, c);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_b, b);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_a, a);

  // Load the a,b,c,d.. to send to the SN74141 IC (2)
  switch( num2 )
  {
    case 0:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 1:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 2:
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 3:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 4:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 5:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 6:
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 7:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 8:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    case 9:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    default:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=1;
      break;
  }
  
  // Write to output pins
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_d, d);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_c, c);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_b, b);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_a, a);
  
}

getStopwatch.ino

// Stopwatch
// Setup Stopwatch
void isSetupStopwatch(){

  // Switch
  pinMode(iRO0, INPUT);
  pinMode(iRO1, INPUT);

  // Momentary Button
  pinMode(iStartP, INPUT);
  pinMode(iStopP, INPUT);
  pinMode(iResetP, INPUT);
  
}
// Start
void isStart()
{

  // Reading buton state iStart
  iStart = digitalRead(iStartP);
  if(iStart == HIGH) 
  {

    // Calls the isStopWatch function
    isStopWatch();

 }

}
// Stop Watch
void isStopWatch()
{

  // Miliseconds
  iMS = iMS + 10;     
  if(iMS == 600)           
  {
   
    iMS = 0;
    iMSS = 0;
    iS = iS + 1;
    
  } else if (iMS == 60) { // 1

    iMSS = iMSS + 1;
    
  } else if (iMS == 120) { // 2

    iMSS = iMSS + 1;
    
  } else if (iMS == 180) { //3 

    iMSS = iMSS + 1;
    
  } else if (iMS == 240) { // 4

    iMSS = iMSS + 1;
    
  } else if (iMS == 300) { // 5

    iMSS = iMSS + 1;
    
  } else if (iMS == 360) { // 6

    iMSS = iMSS + 1;
    
  } else if (iMS == 420) { // 7

    iMSS = iMSS + 1;
    
  } else if (iMS == 480) { // 8

    iMSS = iMSS + 1;
    
  } else if (iMS == 540) { // 9

    iMSS = iMSS + 1;
    
  }
  // If state for counting up minutes
  if( iS == 60)
  { 
  
    iS = 0;
    iM = iM + 1;
    
  }
  // If state for counting up hours
  if( iM == 60)
  {  
    
    iM = 0;
    iH = iH + 01;
    
  }

  // Get the high and low order values for hours, minute, seconds, Miliseconds
  int lowerHours = iH % 10;
  int upperHours = iH - lowerHours;
  int lowerMins = iM % 10;
  int upperMins = iM - lowerMins;
  int lowerSeconds = iS % 10;
  int upperSeconds = iS - lowerSeconds;
  int lowerMiliseconds = iMSS;
  int upperMiliseconds = iMSS - lowerMiliseconds;
    
  // 10 >= hours, minute, seconds, Miliseconds
  if( upperSeconds >= 10 )   upperSeconds = upperSeconds / 10;
  if( upperMins >= 10 )      upperMins = upperMins / 10;
  if( upperHours >= 10 )     upperHours = upperHours / 10;

  // Fill in the Number array used to display on the Nixie tubes
  NumberArray[7] = upperHours;
  NumberArray[6] = lowerHours;
  NumberArray[5] = upperMins;
  NumberArray[4] = lowerMins;
  NumberArray[3] = upperSeconds;
  NumberArray[2] = lowerSeconds;
  NumberArray[1] = lowerMiliseconds; 
  NumberArray[0] = lowerMiliseconds;

  // Display
  DisplayFadeNumberString();
    
  // Reading buton state Stop
  iStop1 = digitalRead(iStopP);
  // Checking if button is pressed
  if(iStop1 == HIGH)
  {
    
    // Calls the isStopwatchStop function
    isStopwatchStop();
    
  }
  else
  {

    // Calls the isStopWatch function
    isStopWatch();
    
  }
  
}
// Stopwatch Stop
void isStopwatchStop()
{

  // Get the high and low order values for hours, minute, seconds, Miliseconds
  int lowerHours = iH % 10;
  int upperHours = iH - lowerHours;
  int lowerMins = iM % 10;
  int upperMins = iM - lowerMins;
  int lowerSeconds = iS % 10;
  int upperSeconds = iS - lowerSeconds;
  int lowerMiliseconds = iMSS;
  int upperMiliseconds = iMSS - lowerMiliseconds;
    
  // 10 >= hours, minute, seconds, Miliseconds
  if( upperSeconds >= 10 )   upperSeconds = upperSeconds / 10;
  if( upperMins >= 10 )      upperMins = upperMins / 10;
  if( upperHours >= 10 )     upperHours = upperHours / 10;
 
  // Fill in the Number array used to display on the Nixie tubes
  NumberArray[7] = upperHours;
  NumberArray[6] = lowerHours;
  NumberArray[5] = upperMins;
  NumberArray[4] = lowerMins;
  NumberArray[3] = upperSeconds;
  NumberArray[2] = lowerSeconds;
  NumberArray[1] = lowerMiliseconds; 
  NumberArray[0] = lowerMiliseconds;

  // Display
  DisplayFadeNumberString();
  
  // Reading buton state iStart
  iStart = digitalRead(iStartP);
  if(iStart == HIGH)
  {
    
    // Calls the isStopWatch function 
    isStopWatch();

  } 
  // Reading buton state
  iReset = digitalRead(iResetP);
  if(iReset == HIGH)
  {
   
     // Calls the isStopwatchReset function
     isStopwatchReset();
     loop();
   
  }
  if(iReset == LOW)
  {
    
    // Calls the isStopwatchStop function
    isStopwatchStop();
    
  }

}
// Stopwatch Reset
void isStopwatchReset()
{

   // Seting hours to 0
   iH = 0;
   // Seting minutes to 0
   iM = 0;
   // Seting seconds to 0
   iS = 0;
   // Seting miliseconds to 0
   iMS = 0;
   // Seting miliseconds to 0
   iMSS = 0;
   
   // Fill in the Number array used to display on the Nixie tubes
   NumberArray[7] = 0;
   NumberArray[6] = 0;
   NumberArray[5] = 0;
   NumberArray[4] = 0;
   NumberArray[3] = 0;
   NumberArray[2] = 0;
   NumberArray[1] = 0; 
   NumberArray[0] = 0;
   // Display
   DisplayFadeNumberString();
   // Exiting the program and returning to the point where entered the program
   return;
   
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // isSetupSN74141
  isSetupSN74141();

  // Setup Stopwatch
  isSetupStopwatch();

  // Setup RTC
  setupRTC();

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor and E-Mentor

  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2022 English & Español
https://www.jlpconsultants.com/luc/

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Don Luc

Project #21 – Nixie – DS3231 Precision RTC – Mk03

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #NixieTube #Nixie #ArduiNIX #ArduinoUNO #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

DS3231 Precision RTC

——

DS3231 Precision RTC

——

DS3231 Precision RTC

——

DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing

The datasheet for the DS3231 explains that this part is an extremely accurate I²C – Integrated RTC TCXO – crystal. This Real Time Clock (RTC) is the most precise you can get in a small, low power package. Most RTC’s use an external 32kHz timing crystal that is used to keep time with low current draw. That’s all well and good, but those crystals have slight drift, particularly when the temperature changes, the temperature changes the oscillation frequency very slightly but it does add up. This RTC is in a beefy package because the crystal is inside the chip. And right next to the integrated crystal is a temperature sensor. That sensor compensates for the frequency changes by adding or removing clock ticks so that the time keeping stays on schedule.

This is the finest RTC you can get, and now we have it in a compact, breadboard friendly breakout. With a coin cell plugged into the back, you can get years of precision time keeping, even when main power is lost. Great for datalogging and clocks, or anything where you need to really know the time.

DL2209Mk03

1 x Arduino Mega 2560 R2
1 x ArduiNIX V3 Tube Driver Shield Kit
1 x IN-17×8 V1 Tube Board Kit
1 x Anode / Cathode Connector Cable Set
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x CR1220 12mm Coin Cell Battery
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
1 x 10K Ohm
1 x SparkFun ProtoShield
1 x 9V 1000mA Power Supply
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Arduino Mega 2560 R2

SN2 – 2
SN3 – 3
SN4 – 4
SN5 – 5
SN6 – 6
SN7 – 7
SN8 – 8
SN9 – 9
AN10 – 10
AN11 – 11
AN12 – 12
AN13 – 13
VI14 – 14
VI15 – 15
SDA – 20
SCL – 21
RO0 – 53
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
VIN – +9V
GND – GND

DL2209Mk03p.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #21 - Nixie - DS3231 Precision RTC - Mk03
21-03
DL2209Mk03p.ino
1 x Arduino Mega 2560 R2
1 x ArduiNIX V3 Tube Driver Shield Kit
1 x IN-17x8 V1 Tube Board Kit
1 x Anode / Cathode Connector Cable Set
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x CR1220 12mm Coin Cell Battery
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
1 x 10K Ohm
1 x 9V 1000mA Power Supply
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// Wire you to communicate with I2C/TWI devices
// Date and Time DS3231 RTC
#include "RTClib.h"

// SN74141 (1)
int ledPin_0_a = 2;                
int ledPin_0_b = 3;
int ledPin_0_c = 4;
int ledPin_0_d = 5;

// SN74141 (2)
int ledPin_1_a = 6;                
int ledPin_1_b = 7;
int ledPin_1_c = 8;
int ledPin_1_d = 9;

// Anode pins
int ledPin_a_1 = 10;
int ledPin_a_2 = 11;
int ledPin_a_3 = 12;
int ledPin_a_4 = 13;

// NOTE: Grounding on virtual pins 14 and 15 
// (analog pins 0 and 1) will set the Hour and Mins.
int iVirtual14 = 14;
int iVirtual15 = 15;

// Fade
float fadeMax = 0.1f;
float fadeStep = 0.1f;
// Number Array
int NumberArray[8]={0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};
int currNumberArray[8]={0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};
float NumberArrayFadeInValue[8]={0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f};
float NumberArrayFadeOutValue[8]={5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f};

// Date and time functions using a DS3231 RTC
RTC_DS3231 RTC;

// Rocker Switch - SPST
int iRO0 = 53;
// State
int iRO0State = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "21-03";

void loop() {

  // timeRTC
  timeRTC();

}

getDisplayFadeNumber.ino

// Display Fade Number
void DisplayFadeNumberString()
{
 
  // Anode channel 1 - numerals 0,4
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[0],currNumberArray[4]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_1, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[0]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[0],NumberArray[4]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[0]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_1, LOW);
  
  // Anode channel 2 - numerals 1,5
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[1],currNumberArray[5]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_2, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[1]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[1],NumberArray[5]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[1]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_2, LOW);
  
  // Anode channel 3 - numerals 2,6
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[2],currNumberArray[6]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_3, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[2]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[2],NumberArray[6]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[2]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_3, LOW);
  
  // Anode channel 4 - numerals 3,7
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[3],currNumberArray[7]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_4, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[3]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[3],NumberArray[7]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[3]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_4, LOW);
  
  // Loop thru and update all the arrays, and fades.
  for( int i = 0 ; i < 8 ; i ++ ) //equal to & of digits
  {
    if( NumberArray[i] != currNumberArray[i] )
    {
      NumberArrayFadeInValue[i] += fadeStep;
      NumberArrayFadeOutValue[i] -= fadeStep;
  
      if( NumberArrayFadeInValue[i] >= fadeMax )
      {
        NumberArrayFadeInValue[i] = 2.0f;
        NumberArrayFadeOutValue[i] = 4.0f; //affects the refresh cycle
        currNumberArray[i] = NumberArray[i];
      }
    }
  }
  
}

getRTCDS3231.ino

// DS3231 Precision RTC
// Setup RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC   
  RTC.begin();
  if (! RTC.begin() ) {
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (RTC.lostPower()) {
    
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    RTC.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // August 2, 2021 at 13:53:0 you would call:
    // RTC.adjust(DateTime(2022, 4, 26, 11, 39, 0));
    
  }
  
}
// timeRTC
void timeRTC() {

  // Date and Time
  DateTime now = RTC.now();

  // Read the state of the Switch value
  iRO0State = digitalRead(iRO0);
  
  // If it is the Switch State is HIGH
  if (iRO0State == HIGH) {


    // Get the high and low order values for hours, minute, seconds
    int lowerHours = now.hour() % 10;
    int upperHours = now.hour() - lowerHours;
    int lowerMins = now.minute() % 10;
    int upperMins = now.minute() - lowerMins;
    int lowerSeconds = now.second() % 10;
    int upperSeconds = now.second() - lowerSeconds;
    
    // 10 >= hours, minute, seconds
    if( upperSeconds >= 10 )   upperSeconds = upperSeconds / 10;
    if( upperMins >= 10 )      upperMins = upperMins / 10;
    if( upperHours >= 10 )     upperHours = upperHours / 10;
    if( upperHours == 0 && lowerHours == 0 )
    {
      
      upperHours = 1;
      lowerHours = 2;
      
    }

    // Fill in the Number array used to display on the Nixie tubes
    NumberArray[7] = upperHours;
    NumberArray[6] = lowerHours;
    NumberArray[5] = 0;
    NumberArray[4] = upperMins;
    NumberArray[3] = lowerMins;
    NumberArray[2] = 0;
    NumberArray[1] = upperSeconds; 
    NumberArray[0] = lowerSeconds;

  } else {

    // Get the high and low order values for year, month, day
    int iYear = now.year() - 2000;
    int lowerYear = iYear % 10;
    int upperYear = iYear - lowerYear;
    int lowerMonth = now.month() % 10;
    int upperMonth = now.month() - lowerMonth;
    int lowerDay = now.day() % 10;
    int upperDay = now.day() - lowerDay;

    // 10 >= year, month, day
    if( upperDay >= 10 )   upperDay = upperDay / 10;
    if( upperMonth >= 10 )      upperMonth = upperMonth / 10;
    if( upperYear >= 10 )     upperYear = upperYear / 10;

    // Fill in the Number array used to display on the Nixie tubes
    NumberArray[7] = 2;
    NumberArray[6] = 0;
    NumberArray[5] = upperYear;
    NumberArray[4] = lowerYear;
    NumberArray[3] = upperMonth;
    NumberArray[2] = lowerMonth;
    NumberArray[1] = upperDay; 
    NumberArray[0] = lowerDay;
  
  }
  
  // Display
  DisplayFadeNumberString();
  
}

getSN74141.ino

// SN74141
// SN74141 : Truth Table
//D C B A #
//L,L,L,L 0
//L,L,L,H 1
//L,L,H,L 2
//L,L,H,H 3
//L,H,L,L 4
//L,H,L,H 5
//L,H,H,L 6
//L,H,H,H 7
//H,L,L,L 8
//H,L,L,H 9
// isSetupSN74141
void isSetupSN74141(){

  pinMode(ledPin_0_a, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_0_b, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_0_c, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_0_d, OUTPUT);    
  
  pinMode(ledPin_1_a, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_1_b, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_1_c, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_1_d, OUTPUT);      
  
  pinMode(ledPin_a_1, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_a_2, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_a_3, OUTPUT);   
  pinMode(ledPin_a_4, OUTPUT);    
 
  // NOTE: Grounding on virtual pins 14 and 15 
  // (analog pins 0 and 1) will set the Hour and Mins.
  // Set the vertual pin 14 (pin 0 on the analog inputs )
  pinMode( iVirtual14, INPUT );
  // Set pin 14 as a pull up resistor.
  digitalWrite(iVirtual14, HIGH);
  // Set the vertual pin 15 (pin 1 on the analog inputs )
  pinMode( iVirtual15, INPUT );
  // Set pin 15 as a pull up resistor.
  digitalWrite(iVirtual15, HIGH);
  
}
// SetSN74141Chips
void SetSN74141Chips( int num2, int num1 )
{
  
  // Set defaults
  // Will display a zero.
  int a = 0;
  int b = 0;
  int c = 0;
  int d = 0;
  
  // Load the a,b,c,d.. to send to the SN74141 IC (1)
  switch( num1 )
  {
    case 0:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 1:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 2:
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 3:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 4:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 5:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 6: 
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 7:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 8:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    case 9:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    default:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=1;
      break;
  }  
  
  // Write to output pins.
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_d, d);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_c, c);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_b, b);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_a, a);

  // Load the a,b,c,d.. to send to the SN74141 IC (2)
  switch( num2 )
  {
    case 0:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 1:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 2:
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 3:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 4:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 5:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 6:
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 7:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 8:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    case 9:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    default:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=1;
      break;
  }
  
  // Write to output pins
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_d, d);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_c, c);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_b, b);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_a, a);
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // isSetupSN74141
  isSetupSN74141();

  // Switch
  pinMode(iRO0, INPUT);

  // Setup RTC
  setupRTC();

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor and E-Mentor

  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2022 English & Español
https://www.jlpconsultants.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Web: https://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #21 – Nixie – Nixie Tube – Mk01

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #NixieTube #Nixie #ArduiNIX #ArduinoUNO #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Nixie Tube

——

Nixie Tube

——

Nixie Tube

——

Nixie Tube

A Nixie tube, or cold cathode display, is an electronic device used for displaying numerals or other information using glow discharge. The glass tube contains a wire-mesh anode and multiple cathodes, shaped like numerals or other symbols. Applying power to one cathode surrounds it with an orange glow discharge. The tube is filled with a gas at low pressure.

The early Nixie displays were made by a small vacuum tube manufacturer called Haydu Brothers Laboratories, and introduced in 1955 by Burroughs Corporation, who purchased Haydu. The name Nixie was derived by Burroughs from “NIX I”, an abbreviation of “Numeric Indicator eXperimental No. 1”, although this may have been a backronym designed to justify the evocation of the mythical creature with this name.

Citing dissatisfaction with the aesthetics of modern digital displays and a nostalgic fondness for the styling of obsolete technology, significant numbers of electronics enthusiasts have shown interest in reviving Nixies.

DL2209Mk01

1 x Arduino UNO
1 x ArduiNIX V3 Tube Driver Shield Kit
1 x 9V 1000mA Power Supply
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Arduino UNO

SN2 – 2
SN3 – 3
SN4 – 4
SN5 – 5
SN6 – 6
SN7 – 7
SN8 – 8
SN9 – 9
AN10 – 10
AN11 – 11
AN12 – 12
AN13 – 13
VI14 – 14
VI15 – 15
VIN – +9V
GND – GND

DL2209Mk01p.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #21 - Nixie - Nixie Tube - Mk01
21-01
DL2209Mk01p.ino
1 x Arduino UNO
1 x ArduiNIX V3 Tube Driver Shield Kit
1 x 9V 1000mA Power Supply
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code

// SN74141 (1)
int ledPin_0_a = 2;                
int ledPin_0_b = 3;
int ledPin_0_c = 4;
int ledPin_0_d = 5;

// SN74141 (2)
int ledPin_1_a = 6;                
int ledPin_1_b = 7;
int ledPin_1_c = 8;
int ledPin_1_d = 9;

// Anode pins
int ledPin_a_1 = 10;
int ledPin_a_2 = 11;
int ledPin_a_3 = 12;
int ledPin_a_4 = 13;

// NOTE: Grounding on virtual pins 14 and 15 
// (analog pins 0 and 1) will set the Hour and Mins.
int iVirtual14 = 14;
int iVirtual15 = 15;

// Fade
float fadeMax = 0.1f;
float fadeStep = 0.1f;
// Number Array
int NumberArray[8]={0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};
int currNumberArray[8]={0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};
float NumberArrayFadeInValue[8]={0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f};
float NumberArrayFadeOutValue[8]={5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f,5.0f};

// Defines
// Sub seconds
long SSECS = 100;
// Milliseconds in a Sec
long SECS = 60;
// 60 Seconds in a Min.
long MINS = 60;
// 60 Mins in an hour
long HOURS = 60 * MINS;
// 24 Hours in a day. > Note: change the 24 to a 12 for non military time.
long DAYS = 12 * HOURS; 

// Time from when we started
long runTime = 0;

// Default time sets. clock will start at 12:34:00.
// This is so we can count the correct order of tubes.
long clockHourSet = 12;
long clockMinSet  = 34;
long clockSecSet  = 56;
long clockSSecSet  = 12;

int HourButtonPressed = false;
int MinButtonPressed = false;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "21-01";

void loop() {

  // Time
  isTime();
  
}

getDisplayFadeNumber.ino

// Display Fade Number
void DisplayFadeNumberString()
{
 
  // Anode channel 1 - numerals 0,4
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[0],currNumberArray[4]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_1, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[0]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[0],NumberArray[4]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[0]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_1, LOW);
  
    // Anode channel 2 - numerals 1,5
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[1],currNumberArray[5]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_2, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[1]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[1],NumberArray[5]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[1]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_2, LOW);
  
   // Anode channel 3 - numerals 2,6
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[2],currNumberArray[6]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_3, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[2]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[2],NumberArray[6]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[2]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_3, LOW);
  
     // Anode channel 4 - numerals 3,7
  SetSN74141Chips(currNumberArray[3],currNumberArray[7]);   
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_4, HIGH);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeOutValue[3]);
  SetSN74141Chips(NumberArray[3],NumberArray[7]);   
  delay(NumberArrayFadeInValue[3]);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_a_4, LOW);
  
  // Loop thru and update all the arrays, and fades.
  for( int i = 0 ; i < 8 ; i ++ ) //equal to & of digits
  {
    if( NumberArray[i] != currNumberArray[i] )
    {
      NumberArrayFadeInValue[i] += fadeStep;
      NumberArrayFadeOutValue[i] -= fadeStep;
  
      if( NumberArrayFadeInValue[i] >= fadeMax )
      {
        NumberArrayFadeInValue[i] = 2.0f;
        NumberArrayFadeOutValue[i] = 4.0f; //affects the refresh cycle
        currNumberArray[i] = NumberArray[i];
      }
    }
  }
  
}

getSN74141.ino

// SN74141
// SN74141 : Truth Table
//D C B A #
//L,L,L,L 0
//L,L,L,H 1
//L,L,H,L 2
//L,L,H,H 3
//L,H,L,L 4
//L,H,L,H 5
//L,H,H,L 6
//L,H,H,H 7
//H,L,L,L 8
//H,L,L,H 9
// isSetupSN74141
void isSetupSN74141(){

  pinMode(ledPin_0_a, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_0_b, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_0_c, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_0_d, OUTPUT);    
  
  pinMode(ledPin_1_a, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_1_b, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_1_c, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_1_d, OUTPUT);      
  
  pinMode(ledPin_a_1, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_a_2, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(ledPin_a_3, OUTPUT);   
  pinMode(ledPin_a_4, OUTPUT);    
 
  // NOTE: Grounding on virtual pins 14 and 15 
  // (analog pins 0 and 1) will set the Hour and Mins.
  // Set the vertual pin 14 (pin 0 on the analog inputs )
  pinMode( iVirtual14, INPUT );
  // Set pin 14 as a pull up resistor.
  digitalWrite(iVirtual14, HIGH);
  // Set the vertual pin 15 (pin 1 on the analog inputs )
  pinMode( iVirtual15, INPUT );
  // Set pin 15 as a pull up resistor.
  digitalWrite(iVirtual15, HIGH);
  
}
// SetSN74141Chips
void SetSN74141Chips( int num2, int num1 )
{
  
  // Set defaults
  // Will display a zero.
  int a = 0;
  int b = 0;
  int c = 0;
  int d = 0;
  
  // Load the a,b,c,d.. to send to the SN74141 IC (1)
  switch( num1 )
  {
    case 0:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 1:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 2:
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 3:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 4:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 5:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 6: 
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 7:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 8:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    case 9:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    default:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=1;
      break;
  }  
  
  // Write to output pins.
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_d, d);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_c, c);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_b, b);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_0_a, a);

  // Load the a,b,c,d.. to send to the SN74141 IC (2)
  switch( num2 )
  {
    case 0:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 1:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 2:
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 3:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=0;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 4:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 5:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 6:
      a=0;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 7:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=0;
      break;
    case 8:
      a=0;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    case 9:
      a=1;
      b=0;
      c=0;
      d=1;
      break;
    default:
      a=1;
      b=1;
      c=1;
      d=1;
      break;
  }
  
  // Write to output pins
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_d, d);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_c, c);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_b, b);
  digitalWrite(ledPin_1_a, a);
  
}

getTime.ino

// Time
void isTime(){

  // Get milliseconds.
  runTime = millis();
  //int ssTime = millis();
  
  int hourInput = digitalRead(iVirtual14);  
  int minInput  = digitalRead(iVirtual15);

  if( hourInput == 0 )
    HourButtonPressed = true;
  if( minInput == 0 )
    MinButtonPressed = true;
  if( HourButtonPressed == true && hourInput == 1 )
  {
    clockHourSet++;
    HourButtonPressed = false;
  }
  if( MinButtonPressed == true && minInput == 1 )
  {
    clockMinSet++;
    MinButtonPressed = false;
  }

  // Get time in seconds.
  // Change this value to speed up or
  // slow down the clock, set to smaller number such as 10, 1, or 100 for debugging
  long time = (runTime) / 1000;
  int sstime = (runTime) / 10;
  // Set time based on offset..
  // long hbump = 60*60*clockHourSet;
  //long sbump = 60*60*60*clockHourSet; //change hourset to secondset
  long hbump = 60*60*clockHourSet;
  long mbump = 60*clockMinSet;
  time += mbump + hbump;

  // Convert time to days,hours,mins,seconds
  long days  = time / DAYS;    time -= days  * DAYS; 
  long hours = time / HOURS;   time -= hours * HOURS; 
  long minutes  = time / MINS;    time -= minutes  * MINS; 
  long seconds  = time;      
//  long sseconds  = 76;// time -= seconds  * SECS;
  long sseconds  = runTime / SECS; time -= sseconds  * SECS; 

  // Get the high and low order values for hours,min,seconds. 
  int lowerHours = hours % 10;
  int upperHours = hours - lowerHours;
  int lowerMins = minutes % 10;
  int upperMins = minutes - lowerMins;
  int lowerSeconds = seconds % 10;
  int upperSeconds = seconds - lowerSeconds;
  int lowerSSeconds = sseconds % 10;
  //- lowerSSeconds;
  int upperSSeconds = lowerSSeconds % 10; upperSSeconds = upperSSeconds /10;
  
  if( upperSSeconds >= 10 )  upperSSeconds = upperSSeconds / 10;
  if( upperSeconds >= 10 )   upperSeconds = upperSeconds / 10;
  if( upperMins >= 10 )      upperMins = upperMins / 10;
  if( upperHours >= 10 )     upperHours = upperHours / 10;
 
  if( upperHours == 0 && lowerHours == 0 )
  {
    upperHours = 1;
    lowerHours = 2;
  }
  
  // Fill in the Number array used to display on the tubes.
  
  NumberArray[7] = upperHours;
  NumberArray[6] = lowerHours;
  NumberArray[5] = upperMins;
  NumberArray[4] = lowerMins;
  NumberArray[3] = upperSeconds;  
  NumberArray[2] = lowerSeconds;
  NumberArray[1] = lowerSSeconds; //upperSSeconds;  
  NumberArray[0] = lowerSSeconds; //lowerSSeconds;
  
  Serial.print(lowerSSeconds);
  Serial.println();
  // Display.
  //DisplayFadeNumberString();
  // Display.
  DisplayFadeNumberString();
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // isSetupSN74141
  isSetupSN74141();

  // Open serial communications
 Serial.begin(9600);

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor and E-Mentor

  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2022 English & Español
https://www.jlpconsultants.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Web: https://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #22: Synthesizer – Momentary Button – Mk09

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Synthesizer #Mozzi #Keyboard #ADSREnvelope #Arduino #AdafruitMETROM0Express #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Momentary Button

——

Momentary Button

——

Momentary Button

——

Momentary Button – Panel Mount

It’s your basic black or blue action button. This is a very useful, small, panel-mount momentary switch. It is a SPST N.O. with the threaded portion being 6.75 mm in diameter. This button is perfect for basic On/Off functions. Overall length including leads and has small solder lugs for connection. These momentary buttons are rated up to 0.5A and 250VAC.

Momentary button connect two points in a circuit when you press them. Turns on and off a light emitting LED. When the button is open there is no connection between the two legs of the button, so the pin is connected to ground, through the pull-down resistor, and we read a LOW. When the button is closed, it makes a connection between its two legs, connecting the pin to 5 volts, so that we read a HIGH.

You can also wire this circuit the opposite way, with a pullup resistor keeping the input HIGH, and going LOW when the button is pressed. If so, the behavior of the sketch will be reversed, with the LED normally on and turning off when you press the button.

DL2208Mk02

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
8 x Momentary Button – Panel Mount (Blue)
5 x Momentary Button – Panel Mount (Black)
13 x 10K Ohm Resistor
1 x LED Red 5mm
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

KY0 – 0
KY1 – 1
KY2 – 2
KY3 – 3
KY4 – 4
KY5 – 5
KY6 – 6
KY7 – 7
KY8 – 8
LEDR – 9
KY10 – 10
KY11 – 11
KY12 – 12
KY13 – 13
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2208Mk02p.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #22: Synthesizer - Momentary Button - Mk09
22-09
DL2208Mk02p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
8 x Momentary Button - Panel Mount (Blue)
5 x Momentary Button - Panel Mount (Black)
13 x 1K Ohm Resistor
1 x LED Red 5mm
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code


// Simple Keyboard
// Minimum reading of the button that generates a note
//const int iKeyboard0 = 0;
const int iKeyboard1 = 1;
const int iKeyboard2 = 2;
const int iKeyboard3 = 3;
const int iKeyboard4 = 4;
const int iKeyboard5 = 5;
const int iKeyboard6 = 6;
const int iKeyboard7 = 7;
const int iKeyboard8 = 8;
const int iKeyboard10 = 10;
const int iKeyboard11 = 11;
const int iKeyboard12 = 12;
const int iKeyboard13 = 13;
// Button is pressed
int iB0 = 1;
int iB1 = 1;
int iB2 = 1;
int iB3 = 1;
int iB4 = 1;
int iB5 = 1;
int iB6 = 1;
int iB7 = 1;
int iB8 = 1;
int iB10 = 1;
int iB11 = 1;
int iB12 = 1;
int iB13 = 1;

// The number of the LED Red pin 9
const int iLedR =  9;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "22-09";

void loop() {

  // isKeyboard
  isKeyboard();
  
}

getKeyboard.ino

// getKeyboard
// setupKeyboard
void setupKeyboard() {

  // Initialize the button pin as an input
//  pinMode(iKeyboard0, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard1, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard2, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard3, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard4, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard5, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard6, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard7, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard8, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard10, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard11, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard12, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard13, INPUT_PULLUP);
 
}
// isKeyboard
void isKeyboard() {

/*
  // Read the state of the button value 0
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard0) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 0
    iB0 = iB0 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB0 = iB0 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }
*/
  // Read the state of the button value 1
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard1) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 1
    iB1 = iB1 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB1 = iB1 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

  // Read the state of the button value 2
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard2) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 2
    iB2 = iB2 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB2 = iB2 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

  // Read the state of the button value 3
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard3) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 3
    iB3 = iB3 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB3 = iB3 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

  // Read the state of the button value 4
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard4) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 4
    iB4 = iB4 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB4 = iB4 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

  // Read the state of the button value 5
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard5) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 5
    iB5 = iB5 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB5 = iB5 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

  // Read the state of the button value 6
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard6) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 6
    iB6 = iB6 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB6 = iB6 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

  // Read the state of the button value 7
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard7) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 7
    iB7 = iB7 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB7 = iB7 - 1;// Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

  // Read the state of the button value 8
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard8) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 8
    iB8 = iB8 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB8 = iB8 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

  // Read the state of the button value 10
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard10) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 10
    iB10 = iB10 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB10 = iB10 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

  // Read the state of the button value 11
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard11) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 11
    iB11 = iB11 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB11 = iB11 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

  // Read the state of the button value 12
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard12) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 12
    iB12 = iB12 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB12 = iB12 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

  // Read the state of the button value 13
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard13) == HIGH ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally 13
    iB13 = iB13 + 1;
    // Turn LED Red on
    digitalWrite(iLedR, HIGH );

  }
  else
  {
    
    iB13 = iB13 - 1;
    // Turn LED Red off
    digitalWrite(iLedR, LOW );
    
  }

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // Setup Keyboard
  setupKeyboard();

  // Initialize the LED Red pin 9 as an output
  pinMode(iLedR, OUTPUT);
  
}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor and E-Mentor

  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2022 English & Español
https://www.jlpconsultants.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Web: https://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #22: Synthesizer – Slide Linear Taper Pot – Mk08

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Synthesizer #Mozzi #Keyboard #ADSREnvelope #Arduino #AdafruitMETROM0Express #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Slide Linear Taper Pot

——

Slide Linear Taper Pot

——

Slide Linear Taper Pot

——

10k Ohm Slide Linear Taper Pot – X-Large

A simple slide potentiometer can go a long way. Rated at 10k Ohm and 0.5W. Comes with solder tab connections. The taper profile for this slide:

Length: 80 cm
Width: 15 cm
Height: 12 cm

Slide Potentiometer Knob – X-Large

This is a simple knob that connects to the extra large sized linear slide potentiometer. Each knob uses friction to secure itself to fit onto the slide pot. Once attached, this small knob provides you with an easier to use potentiometer for your project.

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

Metro is our series of microcontroller boards for use with the Arduino IDE. This new Metro M0 Express board looks a whole lot like our original Metro 328, but with a huge upgrade. This Metro features a ATSAMD21G18 chip, an ARM Cortex M0+.

At the Metro M0’s heart is an ATSAMD21G18 ARM Cortex M0 processor, clocked at 48 MHz and at 3.3V logic. This chip has a 256K of FLASH and 32K of RAM. This chip comes with built in USB so it has USB-to-Serial program.

DL2208Mk01

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
5 x 10k Ohm Slide Linear Taper Pot – X-Large
5 x Slide Potentiometer Knob – X-Large
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

LP0 – Analog A0 – Blue
LP1 – Analog A1 – Green
LP2 – Analog A2 – Grey
LP3 – Analog A3 – Yellow
LP4 – Analog A4 – Purple
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

DL2208Mk01p.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #22: Synthesizer - Slide Linear Taper Pot - Mk08
22-08
DL2208Mk01p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
5 x 10k Ohm Slide Linear Taper Pot - X-Large
5 x Slide Potentiometer Knob - X-Large
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code

// Pot
int iPot0 = A0;
int iPot1 = A1;
int iPot2 = A2;
int iPot3 = A3;
int iPot4 = A4;
int sensorValue0 = 0;
int iValue0 = 0;
int sensorValue1 = 0;
int iValue1 = 0;
int sensorValue2 = 0;
int iValue2 = 0;
int sensorValue3 = 0;
int iValue3 = 0;
int sensorValue4 = 0;
int iValue4 = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "22-08";

void loop() {

  // Pot
  isPot();

  // Delay in between reads
  delay( 1000 );
  
}

getPot.ino

// 10k Slide Linear Taper Pot - X-Large
// Pot
void isPot(){

  // Read the input on analog pin 0
  sensorValue0 = analogRead( iPot0 );
  iValue0 = map(sensorValue0, 0, 1023, 0, 255);
  Serial.print( "P0: " );
  Serial.print( iValue0 );
  // Read the input on analog pin 1
  sensorValue1 = analogRead( iPot1 );
  iValue1 = map(sensorValue1, 0, 1023, 0, 255);
  Serial.print( " P1: " );
  Serial.print( iValue1 );
  // Read the input on analog pin 2
  sensorValue2 = analogRead( iPot2 );
  iValue2 = map(sensorValue2, 0, 1023, 0, 255);
  Serial.print( " P2: " );
  Serial.print( iValue2 );
  // Read the input on analog pin 3
  sensorValue3 = analogRead( iPot3 );
  iValue3 = map(sensorValue3, 0, 1023, 0, 255);
  Serial.print( " P3: " );
  Serial.print( iValue3 );
  // Read the input on analog pin 4
  sensorValue4 = analogRead( iPot4 );
  iValue4 = map(sensorValue4, 0, 1023, 0, 255);
  Serial.print( " P4: " );
  Serial.println( iValue4 );

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // Initialize serial communication at 9600 bits per second
  Serial.begin(9600);
  
}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor and E-Mentor

  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2022 English & Español
https://www.jlpconsultants.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Web: https://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #23: E-Textiles – Coin Cell Battery – Mk08

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #ETextiles #Wearable #FLORA #BME280 #CCS811 #CoinCell #RTC #SD #Arduino #Project #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Coin Cell Battery

——

Coin Cell Battery

——

Coin Cell Battery

——

Coin Cell Battery Holder – 2 x CR2032 (Enclosed)

This is a simple coin cell battery holder that can enclose two CR2032 batteries inside itself, and safely kept closed via two phillips head screws. Each battery holder will run batteries in series, output up to 6V, and is equipped with an On/Off slide switch and two 6″ power wires (one positive and one negative) on the back.

DL2205Mk03

1 x FLORA – Version 1.0a
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x MicroSD card breakout board+
1 x MicroSD card 8 Gb
1 x CR1220 Coin Cell Battery
1 x LED Red
1 x 220 Ohm
1 x Coin Cell Battery Holder – 2 x CR2032
2 x CR2032 Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

FLORA – Version 1.0a

CLK – ICSP 3
DO – ICSP 1
DI – ICSP 4
CS – Digital 10
LER – Digital 6
SCL – Digital 3
SDA – Digital 2
VIN – +5V
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

——

DL2205Mk03p.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #23: E-Textiles - Coin Cell Battery - Mk08
23-08
DL2205Mk03p.ino
1 x FLORA - Version 1.0a
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x MicroSD card breakout board+
1 x MicroSD card 8 Gb
1 x CR1220 Coin Cell Battery
1 x LED Red
1 x 220 Ohm
1 x Coin Cell Battery Holder - 2 x CR2032
2 x CR2032 Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// Wire
#include <Wire.h>
// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
#include <SparkFunBME280.h>
// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
#include <SparkFunCCS811.h>
// Date and time DS3231 RTC
#include <RTClib.h>
// Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)
#include <SPI.h>
// Secure Digital (SD Card)
#include <SD.h>

// SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
BME280 myBME280;
// Temperature Celsius
float BMEtempC = 0;
// Humidity
float BMEhumid = 0;
// Altitude Meters
float BMEaltitudeM = 0;
// Barometric Pressure
float BMEpressure = 0;

// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// Default I2C Address
#define CCS811_ADDR 0x5B 
CCS811 myCCS811(CCS811_ADDR);
// eCO2
float CCS811CO2 = 0;
// TVOC
float CCS811TVOC = 0;

// Date and time functions using a DS3231 RTC
RTC_DS3231 RTC;
String sDate;
String sTime;

// Secure Digital (SD Card)
const int chipSelect = 10;
String zzzzzz = "";

// LED Red
const int iLEDR = 6;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "23-08";

void loop() {

  // SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  isBME280();

  // SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  isCCS811();

  // Dates and Time
  timeRTC();

  // MicroSD Card
  isSD();

  // 1 Seconds
  delay( 1000 );

}

getBME280.ino

// SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
// isBME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
void isBME280(){

  // Temperature Celsius
  BMEtempC = myBME280.readTempC();
  // Humidity
  BMEhumid = myBME280.readFloatHumidity() ;
  // Altitude Meters
  BMEaltitudeM = myBME280.readFloatAltitudeMeters();
  // Barometric Pressure
  BMEpressure = myBME280.readFloatPressure();
  
}

getCCS811.ino

// CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// isCCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isCCS811(){

  // This sends the temperature & humidity data to the CCS811
  myCCS811.setEnvironmentalData(BMEhumid, BMEtempC);

  // Calling this function updates the global tVOC and eCO2 variables
  myCCS811.readAlgorithmResults();

  // eCO2 Concentration
  CCS811CO2 = myCCS811.getCO2();
  
  // tVOC Concentration
  CCS811TVOC = myCCS811.getTVOC();
  
}

getRTCDS3231.ino

// DS3231 Precision RTC
// Setup RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC   
  RTC.begin();
  if (! RTC.begin()) {
    
    while (1);
    
  }
  
  DateTime now = RTC.now();

  if (RTC.lostPower()) {
    
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    RTC.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // August 2, 2021 at 13:53:0 you would call:
    // RTC.adjust(DateTime(2022, 4, 26, 11, 39, 0));
    
  }
  
}
// timeRTC
void timeRTC() {

    // DS3231 Precision RTC
    sDate = "";
    sTime = "";
    // Date Time
    DateTime now = RTC.now();

    // sData
    sDate += String(now.year(), DEC);
    sDate += "/";
    sDate += String(now.month(), DEC);
    sDate += "/";
    sDate += String(now.day(), DEC);
  
    // sTime
    sTime += String(now.hour(), DEC);
    sTime += ":";
    sTime += String(now.minute(), DEC);
    sTime += ":";
    sTime += String(now.second(), DEC);

}

getSD.ino

// MicroSD Card
// MicroSD Setup
void setupSD() {

    // MicroSD Card
   // See if the card is present and can be initialized:
  if (!SD.begin(chipSelect)) {

    // Don't do anything more:
    while (1);
    
  }

}
// MicroSD Card
void isSD() {

  zzzzzz = "";

  // Version|Date|Time|Temperature Celsius|Humidity|Altitude Meters|Barometric Pressure
  //|eCO2 Concentration|tVOC Concentration|
  zzzzzz = sver + "|" + sDate + "|" + sTime + "|" 
  + BMEtempC + "|" + BMEhumid + "|" + BMEaltitudeM + "|" + BMEpressure + "|"
  + CCS811CO2 + "|" + CCS811TVOC + "|";

  // Open the file. Note that only one file can be open at a time,
  // so you have to close this one before opening another.
  File dataFile = SD.open("DLE22Log.txt", FILE_WRITE);

  // If the file is available, write to it:
  if (dataFile) {
    
    // Write
    dataFile.println( zzzzzz );
    dataFile.close();

  }

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // Delay
  delay( 100 );
  
  // Set up I2C bus
  Wire.begin();

  // Delay
  delay( 50 );

  // SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  myBME280.begin();

  // CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  myCCS811.begin();

  // Setup RTC
  setupRTC();

  //MicroSD Card
  setupSD();

  // LED Red
  pinMode( iLEDR , OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED Red on HIGH
  digitalWrite( iLEDR , HIGH);

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor and E-Mentor

  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2022 English & Español
https://www.jlpconsultants.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Web: https://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #23: E-Textiles – MicroSD Card – Mk07

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #ETextiles #Wearable #FLORA #BME280 #CCS811 #RTC #SD #Arduino #Project #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

MicroSD Card

——

MicroSD Card

——

MicroSD Card

——

MicroSD Card Breakout Board+

Not just a simple breakout board, this microSD adapter goes the extra mile designed for ease of use.

  • Onboard 5 Volt – 3 Volt regulator provides 150mA for power-hungry cards.
  • 3 Volt level shifting means you can use this with ease on either 3 Volt or 5 Volt systems.
  • Uses a proper level shifting chip, not resistors, less problems, and faster read/write access.
  • Use 3 or 4 digital pins to read and write 8 Gb of storage.
  • Activity LED lights up when the SD card is being read or written.
  • Push-push socket with card slightly over the edge of the PCB so its easy to insert and remove.
  • Comes with 0.1″ header, unattached, so you can get it on a breadboard or use wires your choice.

To use with an Arduino, connect GND to ground, 5 Volt – 3 Volt to 5 Volt – 3 Volt, CLK to pin 13, DO to pin 12, DI to pin 11, and CS to pin 10. Then you can use the Arduino IDE’s SD library which supports FAT and FAT32 SD cards.

DL2205Mk01

1 x FLORA – Version 1.0a
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x MicroSD card breakout board+
1 x MicroSD card 8 Gb
1 x CR1220 Coin Cell Battery
1 x LED Red
1 x 220 Ohm
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

FLORA – Version 1.0a

CLK – ICSP 3
DO – ICSP 1
DI – ICSP 4
CS – Digital 10
LER – Digital 6
SCL – Digital 3
SDA – Digital 2
VIN – +5V
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

——

DL2205Mk01p.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #23: E-Textiles - MicroSD Card - Mk07
23-07
DL2205Mk01p.ino
1 x FLORA - Version 1.0a
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x MicroSD card breakout board+
1 x MicroSD card 8 Gb
1 x CR1220 Coin Cell Battery
1 x LED Red
1 x 220 Ohm
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// Wire
#include <Wire.h>
// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
#include <SparkFunBME280.h>
// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
#include <SparkFunCCS811.h>
// Date and time DS3231 RTC
#include <RTClib.h>
// Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)
#include <SPI.h>
// Secure Digital (SD Card)
#include <SD.h>

// SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
BME280 myBME280;
// Temperature Celsius
float BMEtempC = 0;
// Humidity
float BMEhumid = 0;
// Altitude Meters
float BMEaltitudeM = 0;
// Barometric Pressure
float BMEpressure = 0;

// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// Default I2C Address
#define CCS811_ADDR 0x5B 
CCS811 myCCS811(CCS811_ADDR);
// eCO2
float CCS811CO2 = 0;
// TVOC
float CCS811TVOC = 0;

// Date and time functions using a DS3231 RTC
RTC_DS3231 RTC;
String sDate;
String sTime;

// Secure Digital (SD Card)
const int chipSelect = 10;
String zzzzzz = "";

// LED Red
const int iLEDR = 6;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "23-07";

void loop() {

  // SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  isBME280();

  // SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  isCCS811();

  // Dates and Time
  timeRTC();

  // MicroSD Card
  isSD();

  // 1 Seconds
  delay( 1000 );

}

getBME280.ino

// SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
// isBME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
void isBME280(){

  // Temperature Celsius
  BMEtempC = myBME280.readTempC();
  // Humidity
  BMEhumid = myBME280.readFloatHumidity() ;
  // Altitude Meters
  BMEaltitudeM = myBME280.readFloatAltitudeMeters();
  // Barometric Pressure
  BMEpressure = myBME280.readFloatPressure();
  
}

getCCS811.ino

// CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// isCCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isCCS811(){

  // This sends the temperature & humidity data to the CCS811
  myCCS811.setEnvironmentalData(BMEhumid, BMEtempC);

  // Calling this function updates the global tVOC and eCO2 variables
  myCCS811.readAlgorithmResults();

  // eCO2 Concentration
  CCS811CO2 = myCCS811.getCO2();
  
  // tVOC Concentration
  CCS811TVOC = myCCS811.getTVOC();
  
}

getRTCDS3231.ino

// DS3231 Precision RTC
// Setup RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC   
  RTC.begin();
  if (! RTC.begin()) {
    
    while (1);
    
  }
  
  DateTime now = RTC.now();

  if (RTC.lostPower()) {
    
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    RTC.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // August 2, 2021 at 13:53:0 you would call:
    // RTC.adjust(DateTime(2022, 4, 26, 11, 39, 0));
    
  }
  
}
// timeRTC
void timeRTC() {

    // DS3231 Precision RTC
    sDate = "";
    sTime = "";
    // Date Time
    DateTime now = RTC.now();

    // sData
    sDate += String(now.year(), DEC);
    sDate += "/";
    sDate += String(now.month(), DEC);
    sDate += "/";
    sDate += String(now.day(), DEC);
  
    // sTime
    sTime += String(now.hour(), DEC);
    sTime += ":";
    sTime += String(now.minute(), DEC);
    sTime += ":";
    sTime += String(now.second(), DEC);

}

getSD.ino

// MicroSD Card
// MicroSD Setup
void setupSD() {

    // MicroSD Card
   // See if the card is present and can be initialized:
  if (!SD.begin(chipSelect)) {

    // Don't do anything more:
    while (1);
    
  }

}
// MicroSD Card
void isSD() {

  zzzzzz = "";

  // Version|Date|Time|Temperature Celsius|Humidity|Altitude Meters|Barometric Pressure
  //|eCO2 Concentration|tVOC Concentration|
  zzzzzz = sver + "|" + sDate + "|" + sTime + "|" 
  + BMEtempC + "|" + BMEhumid + "|" + BMEaltitudeM + "|" + BMEpressure + "|"
  + CCS811CO2 + "|" + CCS811TVOC + "|";

  // Open the file. Note that only one file can be open at a time,
  // so you have to close this one before opening another.
  File dataFile = SD.open("DLE22Log.txt", FILE_WRITE);

  // If the file is available, write to it:
  if (dataFile) {
    
    // Write
    dataFile.println( zzzzzz );
    dataFile.close();

  }

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // Delay
  delay( 100 );
  
  // Set up I2C bus
  Wire.begin();

  // Delay
  delay( 50 );

  // SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  myBME280.begin();

  // CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  myCCS811.begin();

  // Setup RTC
  setupRTC();

  //MicroSD Card
  setupSD();

  // LED Red
  pinMode( iLEDR , OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED Red on HIGH
  digitalWrite( iLEDR , HIGH);

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor and E-Mentor

  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2022 English & Español
https://www.jlpconsultants.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
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Don Luc