The Alpha Geek – Geeking Out

Pololu

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Project #29 – DFRobot – RHT And MQ – Mk13

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#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #DFRobot #BLESensorBeacon #AmbientLight #SoilMoisture #SHT40 #FireBeetle2ESP32E #EEPROM #RTC #SD #Display #Adafruit #ESP32 #IoT #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

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RHT And MQ

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RHT And MQ

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RHT And MQ

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Humidity and Temperature Sensor – RHT03

The RHT03 (also known by DHT-22) is a low cost humidity and temperature sensor with a single wire digital interface. The sensor is calibrated and doesn’t require extra components so you can get right to measuring relative humidity and temperature.

MQ Series Gas Sensor

The description of each MQ series gas sensor and its uses that follows will be helpful to anybody who wants to understand the foundations of gas sensing technology. The MQ Series Gas Sensor is a revolutionary technology designed for the detection of combustible gases, such as those used in industry and manufacturing. MQ sensor working principle involves detecting changes in electrical conductivity when specific gases come into contact with the sensor’s sensing element. This variety of semiconductor gas sensors makes it possible to measure concentrations of gasses such as alcohol, methane, propane, butane, and carbon monoxide.

Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors

This carrier board is designed to work with any of the MQ-series gas sensors, simplifying the interface from 6 to 3 pins—ground, power and analog voltage output +3-5 Volt. This board has two mounting holes and provides convenient pads for mounting the gas sensor’s required sensitivity-setting resistor.

DL2405Mk03

1 x DFRobot FireBeetle 2 ESP32-E
1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
1 x Adafruit MicroSD card breakout board+
1 x MicroSD 16 GB
1 x Adafruit DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing – RTC
1 x Battery CR1220
4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor – MQ-8
1 x 4.7K Ohm
1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor – MQ-9
1 x 22k Ohm
1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor – MQ-7
1 x 10K Ohm
1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x 220k Ohm
1 x Temperature and Humidity Sensor – RHT03
1 x PIR Motion Sensor (JST)
1 x Switch
1 x 1K Ohm
1 x Gravity: Analog Soil Moisture Sensor
1 x Gravity: Analog Ambient Light Sensor
1 x Fermion: SHT40 Temperature & Humidity Sensor
3 x Fermion: BLE Sensor Beacon
3 x CR2032 Coin Cell Battery
1 x 1 x Lithium Ion Battery – 1000mAh
1 x Green LED
1 x Slide Switch
1 x SparkFun Serial Basic Breakout – CH340G
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
1 x USB 3.1 Cable A to C

DFRobot FireBeetle 2 ESP32-E

LED – 2
DSCK – 4
DMOSI – 16
DSS – 17
SCK – 22
MOSI – 23
MISO – 19
CS – 13
SCL – 21
SDA – 22
LED – 14
RHT – 25
PIR – 26
SWI – 3
MQ8 = A0
MQ9 = A1
MQ7 = A2
MQ3 = A3
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

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DL2405Mk03p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #29 - DFRobot - RHT And MQ - Mk13
29-13
DL2404Mk03p.ino
1 x DFRobot FireBeetle 2 ESP32-E
1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
1 x Adafruit MicroSD card breakout board+
1 x MicroSD 16 GB
1 x Adafruit DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing - RTC
1 x Battery CR1220
4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
1 x 4.7K Ohm
1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
1 x 22k Ohm
1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
1 x 10K Ohm
1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
1 x 220k Ohm
1 x Temperature and Humidity Sensor - RHT03
1 x PIR Motion Sensor (JST)
1 x Switch
1 x 1K Ohm
1 x Gravity: Analog Soil Moisture Sensor
1 x Gravity: Analog Ambient Light Sensor
1 x Fermion: SHT40 Temperature & Humidity Sensor
3 x Fermion: BLE Sensor Beacon
3 x CR2032 Coin Cell Battery
1 x 1 x Lithium Ion Battery - 1000mAh
1 x Green LED
1 x SparkFun Serial Basic Breakout - CH340G
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
1 x USB 3.1 Cable A to C
*/

// Include the Library Code
// EEPROM Library to Read and Write EEPROM
// with Unique ID for Unit
#include "EEPROM.h"
// Wire
#include <Wire.h>
// Arduino
#include <Arduino.h>
// BLE Device
#include <BLEDevice.h>
// BLE Utils
#include <BLEUtils.h>
// BLEScan
#include <BLEScan.h>
// BLE Advertised Device
#include <BLEAdvertisedDevice.h>
// BLE Eddystone URL
#include <BLEEddystoneURL.h>
// BLE Eddystone TLM
#include <BLEEddystoneTLM.h>
// BLE Beacon
#include <BLEBeacon.h>
// DS3231 RTC Date and Time
#include <RTClib.h>
// SD Card
#include "FS.h"
#include "SD.h"
#include "SPI.h"
// SHARP Memory Display
#include <Adafruit_SharpMem.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
// RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
#include <SparkFun_RHT03.h>

// ENDIAN_CHANGE
#define ENDIAN_CHANGE_U16(x) ((((x)&0xFF00) >> 8) + (((x)&0xFF) << 8))

// DS3231 RTC Date and Time
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String sDate;
String sTime;

// MicroSD Card
const int chipSelect = 13;
String zzzzzz = "";

// SHARP Memory Display
#define SHARP_SCK  4
#define SHARP_MOSI 16
#define SHARP_SS   17
// Set the size of the display here, e.g. 144x168!
Adafruit_SharpMem display(SHARP_SCK, SHARP_MOSI, SHARP_SS, 144, 168);
// The currently-available SHARP Memory Display (144x168 pixels)
// requires > 4K of microcontroller RAM; it WILL NOT WORK on Arduino Uno
// or other <4K "classic" devices.
#define BLACK 0
#define WHITE 1

// LED Green
int iLEDGreen = 2;

// Define LED
int iLED = 14;

// Fermion: SHT40 Temperature & Humidity Sensor
// Temperature
float TemperatureData;
float Temperature;
// Humidity
float HumidityData;
float Humidity;
// Gravity: Analog Ambient Light Sensor
float Sensor_Data;
// SData => 1~6000 Lux
float SData;
// Gravity: Analog Soil Moisture Sensor
float SensorSM;
float SDataSM;
// In seconds
int scanTime = 5;
// BLE Scan
BLEScan *pBLEScan;

// RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
// RHT03 data pin Digital 25
const int RHT03_DATA_PIN = 25;
// This creates a RTH03 object, which we'll use to interact with the sensor
RHT03 rht;
float latestHumidity;
float latestTempC;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
int iMQ8 = A0;
int iMQ8Raw = 0;
int iMQ8ppm = 0;
// Two points are taken from the curve in datasheet.
// With these two points, a line is formed which is
// "approximately equivalent" to the original curve.
float H2Curve[3] = {2.3, 0.93,-1.44};

// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int iMQ9 = A1;
int iMQ9Raw = 0;
int iMQ9ppm = 0;

// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int iMQ7 = A2;
int iMQ7Raw = 0;
int iMQ7ppm = 0;

// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A3;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// PIR Motion
// Motion detector
const int iMotion = 26;
// Proximity
int proximity = LOW;
String Det = "";

// Switch
int iSwitch = 3;
// Variable for reading the Switch status
int iSwitchState = 0;

// My Advertised Device Callbacks
class MyAdvertisedDeviceCallbacks : public BLEAdvertisedDeviceCallbacks
{

    // onResult
    void onResult(BLEAdvertisedDevice advertisedDevice)
    {
      // Advertised Device
      if (advertisedDevice.haveName())
      {
        // Name: Fermion: Sensor Beacon
        if(String(advertisedDevice.getName().c_str()) == "SHT40"){
          
          // strManufacturerData
          std::string strManufacturerData = advertisedDevice.getManufacturerData();
          uint8_t cManufacturerData[100];
          strManufacturerData.copy((char *)cManufacturerData, strManufacturerData.length(), 0);
          
          // strManufacturerData.length
          for (int i = 0; i < strManufacturerData.length(); i++)
          {

             // cManufacturerData[i]
             cManufacturerData[i];
             
          }

          // TemperatureData
          TemperatureData = int(cManufacturerData[2]<<8 | cManufacturerData[3]);
          // HumidityData
          HumidityData = int(cManufacturerData[5]<<8 | cManufacturerData[6]);
   
        }
        // Name: Fermion: Sensor Beacon
        if(String(advertisedDevice.getName().c_str()) == "Fermion: Sensor Beacon"){
          
          // strManufacturerData
          std::string strManufacturerData = advertisedDevice.getManufacturerData();
          uint8_t cManufacturerData[100];
          strManufacturerData.copy((char *)cManufacturerData, strManufacturerData.length(), 0);
          
          // strManufacturerData.length
          for (int i = 0; i < strManufacturerData.length(); i++)
          {

             // cManufacturerData[i]
             cManufacturerData[i];
             
          }

          // Sensor_Data
          Sensor_Data = int(cManufacturerData[2]<<8 | cManufacturerData[3]);
   
        }
        // Name: Fermion: Sensor Beacon
        if(String(advertisedDevice.getName().c_str()) == "Soil Moisture"){
          
          // strManufacturerData
          std::string strManufacturerData = advertisedDevice.getManufacturerData();
          uint8_t cManufacturerData[100];
          strManufacturerData.copy((char *)cManufacturerData, strManufacturerData.length(), 0);
          
          // strManufacturerData.length
          for (int i = 0; i < strManufacturerData.length(); i++)
          {

             // cManufacturerData[i]
             cManufacturerData[i];
             
          }

          // SensorSM
          SensorSM = int(cManufacturerData[2]<<8 | cManufacturerData[3]);
   
        }                              
      }
    }
};

// EEPROM Unique ID Information
#define EEPROM_SIZE 64
String uid = "";

// Software Version Information
String sver = "29-13";

void loop() {

  // DS3231 RTC Date and Time
  isRTC();

  // RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
  isRHT03();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // isPIR Motion
  isPIR();
  
  // ScanResults
  isBLEScanResults();

  // Fermion: SHT40 Temperature & Humidity Sensor
  isSHT40();

  // Gravity: Analog Ambient Light Sensor
  isAmbientLight();

  // Soil Moisture
  isSoilMoisture();

  // Delay 4 Second
  delay(4000);

  // Read the state of the Switch value
  iSwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);
  
  // The Switch is HIGH:
  if (iSwitchState == HIGH) {

    // Display Date, Time, Temperature, Humidity
    isDisplayDTTH();
  
  } else {
    
    // Display Temperature, Humidity, MQ, PIR
    isDisplayDTMQPIR();

    
  }
  
  // MicroSD Card
  isSD();

  // iLED HIGH
  digitalWrite(iLED, HIGH );

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getAmbientLight.ino

// Gravity: Analog Ambient Light Sensor
// Ambient Light
void isAmbientLight(){

  // Analog Ambient Light Sensor
  // SData => 1~6000 Lux
  SData = map(Sensor_Data, 1, 3000, 1, 6000);

}

getBLEScan.ino

// getBLEScan
// Setup BLE Scan
void isSetupBLEScan(){

  // BLE Device
  BLEDevice::init("");
  // Create new scan
  pBLEScan = BLEDevice::getScan();
  // Set Advertised Device Callbacks
  pBLEScan->setAdvertisedDeviceCallbacks(new MyAdvertisedDeviceCallbacks());
  // Active scan uses more power, but get results faster
  pBLEScan->setActiveScan(true);
  // Set Interval
  pBLEScan->setInterval(100);
  // Less or equal setInterval value
  pBLEScan->setWindow(99);
  
}
// BLE Scan Results
void isBLEScanResults(){

  // Put your main code here, to run repeatedly:
  BLEScanResults foundDevices = pBLEScan->start(scanTime, false);
  // Delete results fromBLEScan buffer to release memory
  pBLEScan->clearResults();
  
}

getDisplay.ino

// SHARP Memory Display
// SHARP Memory Display - UID
void isDisplayUID() {

    // Text Display 
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Don Luc Electronics
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Don Luc" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,40);
    display.println( "Electronics" );
    // Version
    //display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.println( "Version" );
    //display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,95);   
    display.println( sver );
    // EEPROM
    display.setCursor(0,120);
    display.println( "EEPROM" );
    display.setCursor(0,140);   
    display.println( uid );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );
    
}
// Display Date, Time, Temperature, Humidity, Ambient Light, Soil Moisture
void isDisplayDTTH() {

    // Text Display Date
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Date
    display.setCursor(0,5);
    display.println( sDate );
    // Time
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.println( sTime );
    // Temperature
    display.setCursor(0,55);
    display.print( Temperature );
    display.println( "C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.print( Humidity );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Lux
    display.setCursor(0,105);
    display.println( SData );
    // Soil Moisture
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( SDataSM );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Temperature, Humidity, MQ, PIR
void isDisplayDTMQPIR() {

    // Text Display Date
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature
    display.setCursor(0,5);
    display.print( latestTempC );
    display.println( "C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( latestHumidity );
    display.println( "%" );
    // MQ-8
    display.setCursor(0,55);
    display.print( "MQ-8: " );
    display.print( iMQ8ppm );
    display.println( " PPM" );
    // MQ-9
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.print( "MQ-9: " );
    display.print( iMQ9ppm );
    display.println( " PPM" );
    // MQ-7
    display.setCursor(0,105);
    display.print( "MQ-7: " );
    display.print( iMQ7ppm );
    display.println( " PPM" );
    // MQ-3
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.print( "MQ-3: " );
    display.print( iMQ3ppm );
    display.println( "%" );
    // PIR
    display.setCursor(0,145);
    display.println( Det );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}

getEEPROM.ino

// EEPROM
// isUID EEPROM Unique ID
void isUID()
{
  
  // Is Unit ID
  uid = "";
  for (int x = 0; x < 7; x++)
  {
    uid = uid + char(EEPROM.read(x));
  }
  
}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  
  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8Raw = analogRead( iMQ8 );

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9Raw = analogRead( iMQ9 );  

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7Raw = analogRead( iMQ7 );

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3Raw = analogRead( iMQ3 );
  
  // Caclulate the PPM of each gas sensors

  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8ppm = isMQ8( iMQ8Raw );

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9ppm = isMQ9( iMQ9Raw ); 

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7ppm = isMQ7( iMQ7Raw ); 

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw ); 

}
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8 - PPM
int isMQ8(double rawValue) {

  // RvRo
  double RvRo = rawValue * (3.3 / 4095);

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
  //return (pow(4.7,( ((log(RvRo)-H2Curve[1])/H2Curve[2]) + H2Curve[0])));
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int isMQ9(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int isMQ7(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getPIR.ino

// PIR Motion
// Setup PIR
void isSetupPIR() {

  // Setup PIR Montion
  pinMode(iMotion, INPUT_PULLUP);
  
}
// isPIR Motion
void isPIR() {

  // Proximity
  proximity = digitalRead(iMotion);
  if (proximity == LOW) 
  {

    // PIR Motion Sensor's LOW, Motion is detected
    Det = "Motion Yes";

  }
  else
  {

    // PIR Motion Sensor's HIGH
    Det = "No";
    
  }
  
}

getRHT.ino

// RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
// Setup RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
void isSetupRTH03() {

  // RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
  // Call rht.begin() to initialize the sensor and our data pin
  rht.begin(RHT03_DATA_PIN);
  
}
// RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
void isRHT03(){

  // Call rht.update() to get new humidity and temperature values from the sensor.
  int updateRet = rht.update();

  // The humidity(), tempC(), and tempF() functions can be called -- after 
  // a successful update() -- to get the last humidity and temperature value 
  latestHumidity = rht.humidity();
  latestTempC = rht.tempC();

}

getRTC.ino

// DS3231 RTC Date and Time
// Setup DS3231 RTC
void isSetupRTC() {

  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    while (1);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    // rtc.adjust(DateTime(2014, 1, 21, 3, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// DS3231 RTC Date and Time
void isRTC(){
 
    // Date and Time
    sDate = "";
    sTime = "";
    // Date Time
    DateTime now = rtc.now();

    // sData
    sDate += String(now.year(), DEC);
    sDate += "/";
    sDate += String(now.month(), DEC);
    sDate += "/";
    sDate += String(now.day(), DEC);

    // sTime
    sTime += String(now.hour(), DEC);
    sTime += ":";
    sTime += String(now.minute(), DEC);
    sTime += ":";
    sTime += String(now.second(), DEC);

}

getSD.ino

// MicroSD Card
// MicroSD Setup
void setupSD() {

    // MicroSD Card
    pinMode( chipSelect , OUTPUT );
    if(!SD.begin( chipSelect )){
        ;  
        return;
    }
    
    uint8_t cardType = SD.cardType();

    // CARD NONE
    if(cardType == CARD_NONE){
        ; 
        return;
    }

    // SD Card Type
    if(cardType == CARD_MMC){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SD){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SDHC){
        ; 
    } else {
        ; 
    } 

    // Size
    uint64_t cardSize = SD.cardSize() / (1024 * 1024);
 
}
// MicroSD Card
void isSD() {

  zzzzzz = "";

  // DFR|EEPROM Unique ID|Version|Date|Time|Temperature|Humidity|Lux|
  // Soil Moisture|Temperature|Humidity|MQ8|MQ9|MQ7|MQ3|PIR|*\r
  zzzzzz = "DFR|" + uid + "|" + sver + "|" + sDate + "|" + sTime + "|" 
  + String(Temperature) + "C|" + String(Humidity) + "%|" 
  + String(SData) + "|" + String(SDataSM) + "|" + String(latestTempC) + "C|" 
  + String(latestHumidity) + "%|" + String(iMQ8ppm) +   
  " PPM|" + String(iMQ9ppm) + " PPM|" + String(iMQ7ppm) + " PPM|" + 
  String(iMQ3ppm) + "%|" + String(Det) + "|*\r";

  // msg + 1
  char msg[zzzzzz.length() + 1];

  zzzzzz.toCharArray(msg, zzzzzz.length() + 1);

  // Append File
  appendFile(SD, "/dfrdata.txt", msg );
  
}
// List Dir
void listDir(fs::FS &fs, const char * dirname, uint8_t levels){
    
    // List Dir
    dirname;
    
    File root = fs.open(dirname);
    
    if(!root){
        return;
    }
    
    if(!root.isDirectory()){
        return;
    }

    File file = root.openNextFile();
    
    while(file){
        if(file.isDirectory()){
            file.name();
            if(levels){
                listDir(fs, file.name(), levels -1);
            }
        } else {
            file.name();
            file.size();
        }
        file = root.openNextFile();
    }
    
}
// Write File
void writeFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    // Write File
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_WRITE);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}
// Append File
void appendFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    // Append File
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_APPEND);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}

getSHT40.ino

// Fermion: SHT40 Temperature & Humidity Sensor
// SHT40 Temperature & Humidity
void isSHT40(){

  // Fermion: SHT40 Temperature & Humidity Sensor
  // Temperature
  Temperature = (175 * TemperatureData/65535) - 45;
  // Humidity
  Humidity = (125 * HumidityData/65535) - 6;

}

getSoilMoisture.ino

// Gravity: Analog Soil Moisture Sensor
// Soil Moisture
void isSoilMoisture(){

  // SDataSM => 0~900 Soil Moisture
  SDataSM = map( SensorSM, 1, 3000, 0, 900);

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // EEPROM Size
  EEPROM.begin(EEPROM_SIZE);
  
  // EEPROM Unique ID
  isUID();

  // Give display
  delay(100);

  // Set up I2C bus
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display
  delay(100);

  // Setup BLE Scan
  isSetupBLEScan();

  // Setup DS3231 RTC
  isSetupRTC();

  //MicroSD Card
  setupSD();

  // RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
  // Setup RTH03 Temperature and Humidity Sensor
  isSetupRTH03();

  // PIR Motion
  // Setup PIR
  isSetupPIR();

  // SHARP Display Start & Clear the Display
  display.begin();
  // Clear Display
  display.clearDisplay();

  // Initialize digital pin iLED as an output
  pinMode(iLED, OUTPUT);

  // Outputting high, the LED turns on
  digitalWrite(iLED, HIGH);

  // Initialize the LED Green
  pinMode(iLEDGreen, OUTPUT);

  // iLEDGreen HIGH
  digitalWrite(iLEDGreen, HIGH );

  // Initialize the Switch
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Don Luc Electronics
  // Version
  // EEPROM
  isDisplayUID();
  
  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Teacher, Instructor, E-Mentor, R&D and Consulting

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Arm, Silicon Labs, Espressif, Etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Automation
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • RTOS
  • Sensors, eHealth Sensors, Biosensor, and Biometric
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Consulting

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2024
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/
LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/jlucpaquin/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – PIR Motion Sensor – Mk13

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #PIR #Adafruit #SparkFun #Pololu #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

PIR Motion Sensor

——

PIR Motion Sensor

——

PIR Motion Sensor

——

PIR Motion Sensor (JST)

This is a simple to use motion sensor. Power it up and wait 1-2 seconds for the sensor to get a snapshot of the still room. If anything moves after that period, the “Alarm” pin will go low. This unit works great from 5 to 12 Volt. The alarm pin is an open collector meaning you will need a pull up resistor on the alarm pin. The open drain setup allows multiple motion sensors to be connected on a single input pin. If any of the motion sensors go off, the input pin will be pulled low.

At their most fundamental level, PIR sensor’s are infrared-sensitive light detectors. By monitoring light in the infrared spectrum, PIR sensors can sense subtle changes in temperature across the area they’re viewing. When a human or some other object comes into the PIR’s field-of-view, the radiation pattern changes, and the PIR interprets that change as movement. All that’s left for us to connect is three pins: power, ground, and the output signal.

DL2401Mk02

1 x SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x PIR Motion Sensor
1 x Pololu 5V Step-Up Voltage Regulator U1V10F5
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x 1 x Lithium Ion Battery – 1000mAh
1 x Terminal Block Breakout FeatherWing
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 23
SCL – Digital 22
SW1 – Digital 21
PIR – Digital 14
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2401Mk01p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - PIR Motion Sensor - Mk13
28-13
DL2401Mk01p.ino
1 x SparkFun Thing Plus - ESP32 WROOM
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x PIR Motion Sensor
1 x Pololu 5V Step-Up Voltage Regulator U1V10F5
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x Lithium Ion Battery - 1000mAh
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x Terminal Block Breakout FeatherWing
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// Bluetooth LE keyboard
#include <BleKeyboard.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Serial Peripheral Interface
#include <SPI.h>
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>

// Bluetooth LE Keyboard
BleKeyboard bleKeyboard;
String sKeyboard = "";
// Send Size
byte sendSize = 0;

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// PIR Motion
// Motion detector
const int iMotion = 14;
// Proximity
int proximity = LOW;
String Det = "";

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 21;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-13";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // isPIR Motion
  isPIR();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

    // Bluetooth LE Keyboard
    isBluetooth();

  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getBleKeyboard.ino

// Ble Keyboard
// Bluetooth
// isBluetooth
void isBluetooth() {

  // ESP32 BLE Keyboard
  if(bleKeyboard.isConnected()) {

    // Send Size Length
    sendSize = sKeyboard.length();

    // Send Size, charAt
    for(byte i = 0; i < sendSize+1; i++){

       // Write
       bleKeyboard.write(sKeyboard.charAt(i));
       delay(50);
    
    }
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_RETURN);

  }

}

getPIR.ino

// PIR Motion
// Setup PIR
void setupPIR() {

  // Setup PIR Montion
  pinMode(iMotion, INPUT_PULLUP);
  
}
// isPIR Motion
void isPIR() {

  // Proximity
  proximity = digitalRead(iMotion);
  if (proximity == LOW) 
  {

    // PIR Motion Sensor's LOW, Motion is detected
    Det = "Motion Yes";

  }
  else
  {

    // PIR Motion Sensor's HIGH
    Det = "No";
    
  }

  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(Det) + "|*";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void isSetupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // bleKeyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) 
  + "|" + String(timeRTC) + "|";

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Bluetooth LE keyboard
  bleKeyboard.begin();
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  isSetupRTC();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // PIR Motion
  // Setup PIR
  setupPIR();
  
  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Teacher, Instructor, E-Mentor, R&D and Consulting

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Arm, Silicon Labs, Espressif, Etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Automation
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • RTOS
  • eHealth Sensors, Biosensor, and Biometric
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Consulting

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2024
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #8: Servo – Moteino R2 (RFM12B) – Mk02

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Servo #Moteino #Transceiver #RadioFrequency #Pololu #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Moteino R2 (RFM12B)

——

Moteino R2 (RFM12B)

——

Moteino R2 (RFM12B)

——

Moteino

Moteino began as a low power wireless Arduino compatible development platform based on the popular ATmega328p chip used in the Arduino UNO. There are now several Moteino development boards including MoteinoMEGA based on the Atmega1284P and MoteinoM0 based on the SAMD21G18 Cortex M0+. For programming you will need an external FTDI-Adapter to load sketches, the advantages being lower cost, smaller size.

Servo Motor

A servo motor is a rotary actuator or linear actuator that allows for precise control of angular or linear position, velocity and acceleration. It consists of a suitable motor coupled to a sensor for position feedback. It also requires a relatively sophisticated controller, often a dedicated module designed specifically for use with servo motors.

Servo motors have been around for a long time and are utilized in many applications. They are small in size but pack a big punch and are very energy-efficient. These features allow them to be used to operate remote-controlled or radio-controlled toy cars, robots and airplanes. Servo motors are also used in industrial applications, robotics, in-line manufacturing, pharmaceutics and food services.

Pololu Adjustable Boost Regulator 2.5-9.5 Volt

This powerful, adjustable boost regulator can generate an output voltage as high as 9.5 Volt from an input voltage as low as 1.5 Volt, all in a compact. A trimmer potentiometer lets you set the boost regulator’s output voltage to a value between 2.5 and 9.5 Volt.

DL2310Mk03

2 x Moteino R2 (Transceiver RFM12B)
1 x Pololu Adjustable Boost Regulator 2.5-9.5V
2 x Lithium Ion Battery – 1Ah
1 x Sub-Micro Servo 3.7g
1 x LED Green
1 x Tactile Button
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x SparkFun FTDI Basic Breakout – 5V
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Moteino R2 (Send)

TR0 – Digital 2
TBI – Digital 6
LED – Digital 9
TR1 – Digital 10
TR2 – Digital 11
TR3 – Digital 12
TR4 – Digital 13
VIN – +5V
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

——

DL2310Mk03ps.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #8: Servo - Radio Frequency - Mk02
6-02
Send
DL2310Mk03ps.ino
2 x Moteino R2 (Transceiver RFM12B)
1 x Pololu Adjustable Boost Regulator 2.5-9.5V
2 x Lithium Ion Battery - 1Ah
1 x Sub-Micro Servo 3.7g
1 x LED Green
1 x Tactile Button
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x SparkFun FTDI Basic Breakout - 5V
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// RFM12B Radio
#include <RFM12B.h>
// Sleep
#include <avr/sleep.h>

// You will need to initialize the radio by telling it what ID
// it has and what network it's on
// The NodeID takes values from 1-127, 0 is reserved for sending 
// broadcast messages (send to all nodes)
// The Network ID takes values from 0-255
// By default the SPI-SS line used is D10 on Atmega328. 
// You can change it by calling .SetCS(pin) where pin can be {8,9,10}
// Network ID used for this unit
#define NODEID        2
// The network ID we are on
#define NETWORKID    99
// The node ID we're sending to
#define GATEWAYID     1
// # of ms to wait for an ack
#define ACK_TIME     50
// Serial
#define SERIAL_BAUD  115200

// Encryption is OPTIONAL
// to enable encryption you will need to:
// - provide a 16-byte encryption KEY (same on all nodes that talk encrypted)
// - to call .Encrypt(KEY) to start encrypting
// - to stop encrypting call .Encrypt(NULL)
uint8_t KEY[] = "ABCDABCDABCDABCD";

// Wait this many ms between sending packets
int interPacketDelay = 50;
// Input
char input = 0;

// Need an instance of the RFM12B Radio Module
RFM12B radio;
// Send Size
byte sendSize = 0;
// Payload
char payload[100];
// Request ACK
bool requestACK = false;

// LED
int iLED = 9;

// The number of the Tactile Button pin
int iTButton = 6;
// Variable for reading the button status
int TButtonState = 0;
// The previous reading from the input pin
int lastTButtonState = LOW;
// The following variables are unsigned longs 
// because the time, measured in
// milliseconds, will quickly become a bigger 
// number than can be stored in an int.
// The last time the output pin was toggled
unsigned long lastDebounceTime = 0;
// The debounce time; increase if the output flickers
unsigned long debounceDelay = 50;

// String
String zzzzzz = "";
int iSER = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "8-02";

void loop()
{

  // Tactile Button
  isTButton();
  
  // is RFM12B Radio
  isRFM12BRadio();

  // Inter Packet Delay
  delay(interPacketDelay);
  
}

getRFM12BRadio.ino

// RFM12B Radio
void isSetupRFM12BRadio(){

  // RFM12B Radio
  radio.Initialize(NODEID, RF12_433MHZ, NETWORKID);
  // Encryption
  radio.Encrypt(KEY);
  // Sleep right away to save power
  radio.Sleep();
  // Transmitting
  Serial.println("Transmitting...\n\n");
  
}
// is RFM12 BRadio
void isRFM12BRadio(){

  // zzzzzz ""
  zzzzzz = "";
  
  // zzzzz = "<SER|" + iSER + "|*";
  zzzzzz = "<SER|";
  zzzzzz = zzzzzz + iSER;
  zzzzzz = zzzzzz + "|*";
  
  // sendSize Length
  sendSize = zzzzzz.length();

  // sendSize
  payload[sendSize];

  // sendSize, charAt
  for(byte i = 0; i < sendSize+1; i++){

    payload[i] = zzzzzz.charAt(i);
    
  }
    
  // payload
  Serial.print(payload);
  
  // Request ACK
  requestACK = sendSize;
  
  // Wakeup
  radio.Wakeup();
  
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite( iLED , HIGH);
  
  // Send
  radio.Send(GATEWAYID, payload, sendSize, requestACK);

  // Request ACK
  if (requestACK)
  {
    
    Serial.print(" - waiting for ACK...");
    if (waitForAck()){
      
      Serial.print("Ok!");
      
    }
    else Serial.print("nothing...");
    
  }

  // Turn the LED on LOW
  digitalWrite( iLED , LOW);

  // Sleep
  radio.Sleep();

  // Serial
  Serial.println();

}
// Wait a few milliseconds for proper ACK, return true if received
static bool waitForAck(){
  
  // Now
  long now = millis();

  // ACK
  while (millis() - now <= ACK_TIME){
    

    if (radio.ACKReceived(GATEWAYID)){
      
      return true;

    }

  }
  
  return false;
  
}

getTButton.ino

// Tactile Button
void isTButton(){

  // Read the state of the Button value:
  int reading = digitalRead(iTButton);

  // Check to see if you just pressed the TButton
  // (i.e. the input went from LOW to HIGH), and you've waited long enough
  // since the last press to ignore any noise:

  // If the TButton changed, due to noise or pressing:
  if (reading != lastTButtonState) {
    
    // Reset the debouncing timer
    lastDebounceTime = millis();
    
  }

  if ((millis() - lastDebounceTime) > debounceDelay) {
    
    // Whatever the reading is at, it's been there for 
    // longer than the debounce
    // delay, so take it as the actual current state:

    // if the button state has changed:
    if (reading != TButtonState) {
      
      TButtonState = reading;

      // Check if the TButton is pressed. If it is, the TButtonState is HIGH:
      if (TButtonState == HIGH) {

        iSER = 1;

      } else {

        iSER = 0;
    
      }

      
      
    }
  }
  
  // Save the reading. Next time through the loop, 
  // it'll be the lastTButtonState:
  lastTButtonState = reading;
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup(){

  // Serial
  Serial.begin(SERIAL_BAUD);

  // LED
  pinMode( iLED , OUTPUT);

  // Initialize the Button pin as an input
  pinMode(iTButton, INPUT);

  // Setup RFM12B Radio
  isSetupRFM12BRadio();

}

Moteino R2 (Receive)

TR0 – Digital 2
LED – Digital 9
TR1 – Digital 10
TR2 – Digital 11
TR3 – Digital 12
TR4 – Digital 13
VIN – +5V
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

DL2310Mk03Mkpr.ino

/* ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #8: Servo - Radio Frequency - Mk02
6-02
Receive
DL2310Mk03pr.ino
2 x Moteino R2 (RFM12B)
1 x Pololu Adjustable Boost Regulator 2.5-9.5V
2 x Lithium Ion Battery - 1Ah
1 x Sub-Micro Servo 3.7g
1 x LED Green
1 x Tactile Button
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x SparkFun FTDI Basic Breakout - 5V
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// RFM12B Radio
#include <RFM12B.h>
// Servo
#include <Servo.h>

// You will need to initialize the radio by telling it what ID
// it has and what network it's on
// The NodeID takes values from 1-127, 0 is reserved for sending 
// broadcast messages (send to all nodes)
// The Network ID takes values from 0-255
// By default the SPI-SS line used is D10 on Atmega328. 
// You can change it by calling .SetCS(pin) where pin can be {8,9,10}
// Network ID used for this unit
#define NODEID        1
// The network ID we are on
#define NETWORKID    99
// Serial
#define SERIAL_BAUD  115200

// Encryption is OPTIONAL
// to enable encryption you will need to:
// - provide a 16-byte encryption KEY (same on all nodes that talk encrypted)
// - to call .Encrypt(KEY) to start encrypting
// - to stop encrypting call .Encrypt(NULL)
uint8_t KEY[] = "ABCDABCDABCDABCD";

// Need an instance of the RFM12B Radio Module
RFM12B radio;

// Message
String msg = "";

// Servo
int iSER = 0;
String sSER = "";
int firstClosingBracket = 0;

// LED
int iLED = 9;
int iLEDG = 7;

// Servo control
Servo serv;
const int pinServo = 6;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "8-02";

void loop() {

  // is RFM12B Radio
  isRFM12BRadio();

}

getRFM12BRadio.ino

// RFM12B Radio
void isSetupRFM12BRadio()
{

  // RFM12B Radio
  radio.Initialize(NODEID, RF12_433MHZ, NETWORKID);
  // Encryption
  radio.Encrypt(KEY);
  // Transmitting
  Serial.println("Listening...");
  
}
// is RFM12 BRadio
void isRFM12BRadio()
{

  // Receive
  if (radio.ReceiveComplete())
  {
    
    // CRC Pass
    if (radio.CRCPass())
    {
      
      // Serial
      Serial.print('[');
      Serial.print(radio.GetSender());
      Serial.print("] ");

      // Message
      msg = "";
      
      // Can also use radio.GetDataLen() if you don't like pointers
      for (byte i = 0; i < *radio.DataLen; i++)
      {
        
        Serial.print((char)radio.Data[i]);
        msg = msg + (char)radio.Data[i];
        
      }

      // Turn the LED on HIGH
      digitalWrite( iLED , HIGH);

      // Servo
      isServo();
  
      // ACK Requested
      if (radio.ACKRequested())
      {
        
        // Send ACK
        radio.SendACK();
        Serial.print(" - ACK Sent");
        
      }

      // Turn the LED on LOW
      digitalWrite( iLED , LOW);
    
    }
    else
    {
      
      // BAD-CRC
      Serial.print("BAD-CRC");

    }

    // Serial
    Serial.println();

  } 
  
}

getServo.ino

// Servo
void isServo(){

  // Message
  //Serial.println( msg );
  // msg = "<SER|0|*";
  firstClosingBracket = 0;
  // "<SER|"
  firstClosingBracket = msg.indexOf('|');
  //Serial.println( msg );
  msg.remove(0, 5);
  //Serial.println( msg );
  // Servo
  firstClosingBracket = msg.indexOf('|');     
  sSER = msg;
  sSER.remove(firstClosingBracket);
  //Serial.println( sSER );
  iSER = sSER.toInt();
  //Serial.println( iSER );
  int x = iSER;

  if (x == 1) {

    digitalWrite(iLEDG, HIGH);
    // Set servo to unlock
    serv.write( 0 );
    delay(15);
    
  } else {

    digitalWrite(iLEDG, LOW);
    // Set servo to lock
    serv.write( 90 );
    delay(15);
    
  }

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{

  // Serial
  Serial.begin(SERIAL_BAUD);

  // LED
  pinMode( iLED , OUTPUT);
  pinMode( iLEDG , OUTPUT);

  // Attach Servo
  serv.attach( pinServo );

  // RFM12B Radio
  isSetupRFM12BRadio();

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Teacher, Instructor, E-Mentor, R&D and Consulting

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Arm, Silicon Labs, Espressif, Etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Automation
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • RTOS
  • eHealth Sensors, Biosensor, and Biometric
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Consulting

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – HC-SR04 – Mk12

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #LSM9DS1 #IMU #GPSReceiver #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

HC-SR04

——

HC-SR04

——

HC-SR04

——

Pololu 5 Volt Step-Up Voltage Regulator U1V10F5

This tiny U1V10F5 switching step-up voltage regulator efficiently generates 5 Volt from input voltages as low as 0.5 Volt. Unlike most boost regulators, the U1V10F5 automatically switches to a linear down-regulation mode when the input voltage exceeds the output.

Ultrasonic Distance Sensor – HC-SR04 (5 Volt)

This is the HC-SR04 ultrasonic distance sensor. This economical sensor provides 2 Centimetres to 400 Centimetres of non-contact measurement functionality with a ranging accuracy that can reach up to 3 Millimetres. Each HC-SR04 module includes an ultrasonic transmitter, a receiver and a control circuit. There are only four pins that you need to worry about on the HC-SR04: VCC (Power), Trig (Trigger), Echo (Receive), and GND (Ground). This sensor has additional control circuitry that can prevent inconsistent “Bouncy” data depending on the application.

DL2310Mk01

1 x SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x GPS Receiver – GP-20U7 (56 Channel)
1 x SparkFun 9DoF IMU Breakout – LSM9DS1
1 x Ultrasonic Distance Sensor – HC-SR04 (5V)
1 x Pololu 5V Step-Up Voltage Regulator U1V10F5
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x 1 x Lithium Ion Battery – 1000mAh
1 x Terminal Block Breakout FeatherWing
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 23
SCL – Digital 22
SW1 – Digital 21
GPT – Digital 17
GPR – Digital 16
TRI – Digital 15
ECH – Digital 14
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2310Mk01p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - HC-SR04 - Mk12
28-12
DL2310Mk01p.ino
1 x SparkFun Thing Plus - ESP32 WROOM
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x GPS Receiver - GP-20U7 (56 Channel)
1 x SparkFun 9DoF IMU Breakout - LSM9DS1
1 x Ultrasonic Distance Sensor - HC-SR04 (5V)
1 x Pololu 5V Step-Up Voltage Regulator U1V10F5
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x Lithium Ion Battery - 1000mAh
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x Terminal Block Breakout FeatherWing
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// Bluetooth LE keyboard
#include <BleKeyboard.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Serial Peripheral Interface
#include <SPI.h>
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// GPS Receiver
#include <TinyGPS++.h>
// ESP32 Hardware Serial
#include <HardwareSerial.h>
// LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
#include <SparkFunLSM9DS1.h>

// Bluetooth LE Keyboard
BleKeyboard bleKeyboard;
String sKeyboard = "";
// Send Size
byte sendSize = 0;

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// GPS Receiver
#define gpsRXPIN 16
// This one is unused and doesnt have a conection
#define gpsTXPIN 17
// The TinyGPS++ object
TinyGPSPlus gps;
// Latitude
float TargetLat;
// Longitude
float TargetLon;
// GPS Date, Time
// GPS Date
String TargetDat;
// GPS Time
String TargetTim;
// GPS Status
String GPSSt = "";

// ESP32 HardwareSerial
HardwareSerial tGPS(2);

// LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
LSM9DS1 imu;
#define PRINT_CALCULATED
// Earth's magnetic field varies by location. Add or subtract
// a declination to get a more accurate heading. Calculate
// your's here: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag-web/#declination
// Declination (degrees) in El Centro, CA
#define DECLINATION 10.4
// Gyro
float fGyroX;
float fGyroY;
float fGyroZ;
// Accel
float fAccelX;
float fAccelY;
float fAccelZ;
// Mag
float fMagX;
float fMagY;
float fMagZ;
// Attitude
float fRoll;
float fPitch;
float fHeading;

// HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
int iTrig = 15;
int iEcho = 14;
// Stores the distance measured by the distance sensor
float distance = 0;

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 21;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-12";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // isGPS
  isGPS();
  
  // GPS Keyboard
  isGPSKeyboard();

  // Gyro
  isGyro();

  // Accel
  isAccel();

  // Mag
  isMag();

  // Attitude
  isAttitude();

  // HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
  isHCSR04();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

    // Bluetooth LE Keyboard
    isBluetooth();

  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getBleKeyboard.ino

// Ble Keyboard
// Bluetooth
// isBluetooth
void isBluetooth() {

  // ESP32 BLE Keyboard
  if(bleKeyboard.isConnected()) {

    // Send Size Length
    sendSize = sKeyboard.length();

    // Send Size, charAt
    for(byte i = 0; i < sendSize+1; i++){

       // Write
       bleKeyboard.write(sKeyboard.charAt(i));
       delay(50);
    
    }
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_RETURN);

  }

}

getGPS.ino

// GPS Receiver
// Setup GPS
void isSetupGPS() {

  // Setup GPS
  //tGPS.begin( 9600 );
  // Setup GPS
  tGPS.begin(  9600 , SERIAL_8N1 , gpsRXPIN , gpsTXPIN );

}
// isGPS
void isGPS(){

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  // This sketch displays information every time a new sentence is correctly encoded
  while ( tGPS.available() > 0)
    
    if (gps.encode( tGPS.read() ))
    {
     
       // GPS Vector Pointer Target
       displayInfo();

       // GPS Date, Time
       displayDTS();

    }
 
  if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10)
  {
   
     while(true);
    
  }

}
// GPS Vector Pointer Target
void displayInfo(){

  // Location
  if (gps.location.isValid())
  {
    
     // Latitude
     TargetLat = gps.location.lat();
     // Longitude
     TargetLon = gps.location.lng();
     // GPS Status 2
     GPSSt = "Yes";
    
  }
  else
  {

     // GPS Status 0
     GPSSt = "No";
     TargetLat = 0;
     TargetLon = 0;
    
  }

  

}
// GPS Date, Time
void displayDTS(){

  // Date
  TargetDat = ""; 
  if (gps.date.isValid())
  {
    
     // Date
     // Year
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.year(), DEC);
     TargetDat += "/";
     // Month
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.month(), DEC);
     TargetDat += "/";
     // Day
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.day(), DEC);
    
  }

  // Time
  TargetTim = "";
  if (gps.time.isValid())
  {
    
     // Time
     // Hour
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.hour(), DEC);
     TargetTim += ":";
     // Minute
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.minute(), DEC);
     TargetTim += ":";
     // Secound
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.second(), DEC);
    
  }

}
// GPS Keyboard
void isGPSKeyboard(){

  // GPS Keyboard
  // bleKeyboard
  // GPS Vector Pointer Target
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + GPSSt + "|" + String(TargetLat) 
  + "|" + String(TargetLon) + "|";

  // bleKeyboard
  // GPS Date, Time
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + TargetDat + "|" + 
  TargetTim + "|";

}

getHC-SR04.ino

// HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
// Setup HC-SR04
void isSetupHCSR04() {

  // The trigger iTrig will output pulses of electricity
  pinMode(iTrig, OUTPUT);
  // The echo iEcho will measure the duration of pulses coming back from the distance sensor
  pinMode(iEcho, INPUT);
  
}
// HC-SR04
void isHCSR04() {

  // Variable to store the distance measured by the sensor
  distance = isDistance();

  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(distance) + " cm|*";
    
}
// Distance
float isDistance() {
  
  // Variable to store the time it takes for a ping to bounce off an object
  float echoTime;
  // Variable to store the distance calculated from the echo time
  float calculatedDistance;

  // Send out an ultrasonic pulse that's 10ms long
  digitalWrite(iTrig, HIGH);
  delayMicroseconds(10);
  digitalWrite(iTrig, LOW);

  // Use the pulseIn command to see how long it takes for the
  // pulse to bounce back to the sensor
  echoTime = pulseIn(iEcho, HIGH);

  // Calculate the distance of the object that reflected the pulse
  // (half the bounce time multiplied by the speed of sound)
  // cm = 58.0
  calculatedDistance = echoTime / 58.0;

  // Send back the distance that was calculated
  return calculatedDistance;
  
}

getLSM9DS1.ino

// LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
// Gyro
void isGyro(){

  // Update the sensor values whenever new data is available
  if ( imu.gyroAvailable() )
  {
    
    // To read from the gyroscope,  first call the
    // readGyro() function. When it exits, it'll update the
    // gx, gy, and gz variables with the most current data.
    imu.readGyro();
    // If you want to print calculated values, you can use the
    // calcGyro helper function to convert a raw ADC value to
    // DPS. Give the function the value that you want to convert.
    fGyroX = imu.calcGyro(imu.gx);
    fGyroY = imu.calcGyro(imu.gy);
    fGyroZ = imu.calcGyro(imu.gz);

    // bleKeyboard
    // Gyro
    sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fGyroX)  + "|" + String(fGyroY) 
    + "|" + String(fGyroZ) + "|";
    
  }
  
}
// Accel
void isAccel(){

    // Update the sensor values whenever new data is available
  if ( imu.accelAvailable() )
  {
    
    // To read from the accelerometer, first call the
    // readAccel() function. When it exits, it'll update the
    // ax, ay, and az variables with the most current data.
    imu.readAccel();
    // If you want to print calculated values, you can use the
    // calcAccel helper function to convert a raw ADC value to
    // g's. Give the function the value that you want to convert.
    fAccelX = imu.calcAccel(imu.ax);
    fAccelY = imu.calcAccel(imu.ay);
    fAccelZ = imu.calcAccel(imu.az);

    // bleKeyboard
    // Accel
    sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fAccelX)  + "|" + String(fAccelY) 
    + "|" + String(fAccelZ) + "|";
    
  }
  
}
// Mag
void isMag(){

  // Update the sensor values whenever new data is available
  if ( imu.magAvailable() )
  {
    
    // To read from the magnetometer, first call the
    // readMag() function. When it exits, it'll update the
    // mx, my, and mz variables with the most current data.
    imu.readMag();
    // If you want to print calculated values, you can use the
    // calcMag helper function to convert a raw ADC value to
    // Gauss. Give the function the value that you want to convert.
    fMagX = imu.calcMag(imu.mx);
    fMagY = imu.calcMag(imu.my);
    fMagZ = imu.calcMag(imu.mz);

    // bleKeyboard
    // Mag
    sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fMagX)  + "|" + String(fMagY) 
    + "|" + String(fMagZ) + "|";
    
  }
  
}
// Attitude
void isAttitude(){

  // Attitude
  // Roll
  fRoll = atan2(fAccelY, fAccelZ);
  // Pitch
  fPitch = atan2(-fAccelX, sqrt(fAccelY * fAccelY + fAccelZ * fAccelZ)); 
  // Heading
  if (fMagY == 0) {
    fHeading = (fMagX < 0) ? PI : 0;
  }
  else {
    fHeading = atan2(fMagX, fMagY);
  }

  fHeading -= DECLINATION * PI / 180;

  if (fHeading > PI) fHeading -= (2 * PI);
  else if (fHeading < -PI) fHeading += (2 * PI);

  // Convert everything from radians to degrees:
  fHeading *= 180.0 / PI;
  fPitch *= 180.0 / PI;
  fRoll  *= 180.0 / PI;

  // bleKeyboard
  // Attitude
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fHeading)  + "|" + String(fPitch) 
  + "|" + String(fRoll) + "|";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void isSetupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // bleKeyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) 
  + "|" + String(timeRTC) + "|";

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Bluetooth LE keyboard
  bleKeyboard.begin();
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  isSetupRTC();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // GPS Receiver
  // Setup GPS
  isSetupGPS();

  // LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
  imu.begin();

  // Setup HC-SR04
  isSetupHCSR04();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

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  • Automation
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • RTOS
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  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Consulting

Follow Us

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Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280 – Mk09

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #CCS811 #BME280 #TSOP85 #TMP102 #LineSensor #AlcoholGasSensor #MinIMU9 #Pololu #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280

——

SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280

——

SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280

——

SparkFun Environmental Combo – CCS811/BME280

The SparkFun CCS811/BME280 Environmental Combo Breakout takes care of all your atmospheric-quality sensing needs with the popular CCS811 and BME280 ICs. This unique breakout provides a variety of environmental data, including barometric pressure, humidity, temperature, TVOCs and equivalent eCO2 levels.

The CCS811 is an exceedingly popular sensor, providing readings for equivalent eCO2 in the parts per million (PPM) and total volatile organic compounds in the parts per billion (PPB). The CCS811 also has a feature that allows it to fine-tune its readings if it has access to the current humidity and temperature. Luckily for us, the BME280 provides humidity, temperature and barometric pressure. This allows the sensors to work together to give us more accurate readings than they’d be able to provide on their own. We also made it easy to interface with them via I2C.

DL2309Mk03

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor – QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor – TMP102
1 x SparkFun IR Receiver – TSOP85
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo – CCS811/BME280
1 x LED Red
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 20
SCL – Digital 21
IRR – Digital 11
LER – Digital 3
SW1 – Digital 2
MQ3 – Analog 0
LSB – Analog 1
ALE = Analog 3
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2309Mk03p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280 - Mk09
28-09
DL2309Mk03p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor - TMP102
1 x SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo - CCS811/BME280
1 x LED Red
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Keyboard
#include <Keyboard.h>
// Includes and variables for IMU integration
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
#include <LSM6.h>
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
#include <LIS3MDL.h>
// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
#include <SparkFunTMP102.h>
// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
#include <IRremote.h>
// SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude
#include <SparkFunBME280.h>
// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
#include <SparkFunCCS811.h>

// Keyboard
String sKeyboard = "";

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// Pololu 9DoF IMU
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
LSM6 imu;
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Accelerometer
int imuAX;
int imuAY;
int imuAZ;
// Gyroscopes 
int imuGX;
int imuGY;
int imuGZ;
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
LIS3MDL mag;
// Magnetometer
int magX;
int magY;
int magZ;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A0;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113 (Analog)
int iLine = A1;
int iLineSensor = 0;

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
const int ALERT_PIN = A3;
TMP102 sensor0;
float temperature;
boolean alertPinState;
boolean alertRegisterState;

// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
int RECV_PIN = 11;
IRrecv irrecv(RECV_PIN);
decode_results results;
String IRValue = "";
int iLEDRed = 3;

// SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude
BME280 myBME280;
float BMEtempC = 0;
float BMEhumid = 0;
float BMEpressure = 0;
float BMEaltitudeM = 0;

// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// Default I2C Address
#define CCS811_ADDR 0x5B 
CCS811 myCCS811(CCS811_ADDR);
float CCS811CO2 = 0;
float CCS811TVOC = 0;

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 2;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-09";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // Pololu Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  isIMU();

  // Pololu Magnetometer
  isMag();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // SparkFun Line Sensor
  isLineSensor();

  // SparkFun Temperature TMP102
  isTMP102();

  // SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
  isIR();

  // SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude
  isBME280();

  // SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  isCCS811();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

     Keyboard.println(sKeyboard);
    
  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getAccelGyro.ino

// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Setup IMU
void setupIMU() {

  // Setup IMU
  imu.init();
  // Default
  imu.enableDefault();
  
}
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
void isIMU() {

  // Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  imu.read();
  // Accelerometer x, y, z
  imuAX = imu.a.x;
  imuAY = imu.a.y;
  imuAZ = imu.a.z;
  // Gyroscopes x, y, z
  imuGX = imu.g.x;
  imuGY = imu.g.y;
  imuGZ = imu.g.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuAX) + "|" + String(imuAY) + "|"
  + String(imuAZ) + "|";
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuGX) + "|" + String(imuGY) + "|"
  + String(imuGZ) + "|";
  
}

getBME280.ino

// SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude
// isBME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude
void isBME280(){

  // Temperature Celsius
  BMEtempC = myBME280.readTempC();
  // Humidity
  BMEhumid = myBME280.readFloatHumidity();
  // Barometric Pressure
  BMEpressure = myBME280.readFloatPressure();
  // Altitude Meters
  BMEaltitudeM = (myBME280.readFloatAltitudeMeters(), 2);

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(BMEtempC) + "|" + String(BMEhumid) + "|" +
  String(BMEpressure) + "|" + String(BMEaltitudeM) + "|";

}

getCCS811.ino

// CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// isCCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isCCS811(){

  // This sends the temperature & humidity data to the CCS811
  myCCS811.setEnvironmentalData(BMEhumid, BMEtempC);

  // Calling this function updates the global tVOC and eCO2 variables
  myCCS811.readAlgorithmResults();

  // eCO2 Concentration
  CCS811CO2 = myCCS811.getCO2();
  
  // tVOC Concentration
  CCS811TVOC = myCCS811.getTVOC();

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(CCS811CO2) + "|" + String(CCS811TVOC) + "|*";

}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw );

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iMQ3ppm) + "|";

}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue;
  // % BAC = breath mg/L * 0.21
  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getIMUMagnetometer.ino

// IMU Magnetometer
// Setup Magnetometer
void setupMag() {

  // Setup Magnetometer
  mag.init();
  // Default
  mag.enableDefault();
  
}
// Magnetometer
void isMag() {

  // Magnetometer
  mag.read();
  // Magnetometer x, y, z
  magX = mag.m.x;
  magY = mag.m.y;
  magZ = mag.m.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(magX) + "|" + String(magY) + "|" 
  + String(magZ) + "|";
  
}

getIRRemote.ino

// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
// Setup
void isSetupIR(){

  // Initialize digital pin LED Red as an output
  pinMode(iLEDRed, OUTPUT);
  
  // Start the receiver
  irrecv.enableIRIn();
  
}
//
void isIR(){

  if (irrecv.decode(&results))
  {
    
    // LED Red HIGH
    digitalWrite(iLEDRed, HIGH);
    
    //Serial.print("IR RECV Code = 0x ");
    //Serial.println(results.value, HEX);

    IRValue = "0x ";
    IRValue = IRValue + String(results.value, HEX);

    // LED Red LOW
    digitalWrite(iLEDRed, LOW);

    // IR Resume
    irrecv.resume();
    
  }
  else {

    IRValue = "0";
    
  }

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(IRValue) + "|";
  
}

getLineSensor.ino

// Line Sensor
// isLine Sensor
void isLineSensor(){

  // Line Sensor
  iLineSensor = analogRead(iLine);

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iLineSensor) + "|";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) + "|" + 
  String(timeRTC) + "|";
  
}

getTempTMP102.ino

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
// Setup TMP102
void isSetupTMP102(){

  // Declare alertPin as an input
  pinMode(ALERT_PIN,INPUT);
  
  // Begin
  //It will return true on success or false on failure to communicate
  if(!sensor0.begin())
  {
    
    while(1);
    
  }
  
  // set the Conversion Rate
  //0-3: 0:0.25Hz, 1:1Hz, 2:4Hz, 3:8Hz
  sensor0.setConversionRate(2);
  
  //set Extended Mode.
  //0:12-bit Temperature(-55C to +128C) 1:13-bit Temperature(-55C to +150C)
  sensor0.setExtendedMode(0);
  
  // Set T_HIGH, the upper limit to trigger the alert on
  // Set T_HIGH in C
  sensor0.setHighTempC(29.4);
  
  // Set T_LOW, the lower limit to shut turn off the alert
  // set T_LOW in C
  sensor0.setLowTempC(27.67);

}
// is TMP102
void isTMP102(){

  // Turn sensor on to start temperature measurement.
  // Current consumtion typically ~10uA.
  sensor0.wakeup();

  // read temperature data C
  temperature = sensor0.readTempC();

  // Check for Alert
  // Read the Alert from pin
  alertPinState = digitalRead(ALERT_PIN);
  
  // Read the Alert from register
  alertRegisterState = sensor0.alert();
  
  // Place sensor in sleep mode to save power.
  // Current consumtion typically <0.5uA.
  sensor0.sleep();

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(temperature) + "|" + 
  String(alertPinState) + "|" + String(alertRegisterState) + "|";

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Initialize control over the keyboard:
  Keyboard.begin();

  // Pololu Setup IMU
  setupIMU();

  // Pololu Setup Magnetometer
  setupMag();

  // Setup TMP102
  isSetupTMP102();

  // SetupTSOP85
  isSetupIR();

  // SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude 
  myBME280.begin();

  // CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  myCCS811.begin();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor, E-Mentor, STEAM, and Arts-Based Training

  • Programming Language
  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – SparkFun IR Receiver TSOP85 – Mk08

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #TMP102 #LineSensor #AlcoholGasSensor #MinIMU9 #Pololu #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

SparkFun IR Receiver TSOP85

——

SparkFun IR Receiver TSOP85

——

SparkFun IR Receiver TSOP85

——

SparkFun IR Receiver – TSOP85

This is a very small infrared receiver based on the TSOP85 receiver from Vishay. This receiver has all the filtering and 38kHz demodulation built into the unit. Simply point a IR remote at the receiver, hit a button, and you’ll see a stream of 1s and 0s out of the data pin.

DL2309Mk02

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor – QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor – TMP102
1 x SparkFun IR Receiver – TSOP85
1 x LED Red
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 20
SCL – Digital 21
IRR – Digital 11
LER – Digital 3
SW1 – Digital 2
MQ3 – Analog 0
LSB – Analog 1
ALE = Analog 3
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2309Mk02p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - SparkFun IR Receiver TSOP85 - Mk08
28-08
DL2309Mk02p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor - TMP102
1 x SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
1 x LED Red
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Keyboard
#include <Keyboard.h>
// Includes and variables for IMU integration
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
#include <LSM6.h>
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
#include <LIS3MDL.h>
// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
#include <SparkFunTMP102.h>
// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
#include <IRremote.h>

// Keyboard
String sKeyboard = "";

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// Pololu 9DoF IMU
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
LSM6 imu;
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Accelerometer
int imuAX;
int imuAY;
int imuAZ;
// Gyroscopes 
int imuGX;
int imuGY;
int imuGZ;
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
LIS3MDL mag;
// Magnetometer
int magX;
int magY;
int magZ;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A0;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113 (Analog)
int iLine = A1;
int iLineSensor = 0;

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
const int ALERT_PIN = A3;
TMP102 sensor0;
float temperature;
boolean alertPinState;
boolean alertRegisterState;

// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
int RECV_PIN = 11;
IRrecv irrecv(RECV_PIN);
decode_results results;
String IRValue = "";
int iLEDRed = 3;

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 2;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-08";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // Pololu Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  isIMU();

  // Pololu Magnetometer
  isMag();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // SparkFun Line Sensor
  isLineSensor();

  // SparkFun Temperature TMP102
  isTMP102();

  // SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
  isIR();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

     Keyboard.println(sKeyboard);
    
  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getAccelGyro.ino

// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Setup IMU
void setupIMU() {

  // Setup IMU
  imu.init();
  // Default
  imu.enableDefault();
  
}
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
void isIMU() {

  // Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  imu.read();
  // Accelerometer x, y, z
  imuAX = imu.a.x;
  imuAY = imu.a.y;
  imuAZ = imu.a.z;
  // Gyroscopes x, y, z
  imuGX = imu.g.x;
  imuGY = imu.g.y;
  imuGZ = imu.g.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuAX) + "|" + String(imuAY) + "|"
  + String(imuAZ) + "|";
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuGX) + "|" + String(imuGY) + "|"
  + String(imuGZ) + "|";
  
}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw );

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iMQ3ppm) + "|";

}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue;
  // % BAC = breath mg/L * 0.21
  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getIMUMagnetometer.ino

// IMU Magnetometer
// Setup Magnetometer
void setupMag() {

  // Setup Magnetometer
  mag.init();
  // Default
  mag.enableDefault();
  
}
// Magnetometer
void isMag() {

  // Magnetometer
  mag.read();
  // Magnetometer x, y, z
  magX = mag.m.x;
  magY = mag.m.y;
  magZ = mag.m.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(magX) + "|" + String(magY) + "|" 
  + String(magZ) + "|";
  
}

getIRRemote.ino

// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
// Setup
void isSetupIR(){

  // Initialize digital pin LED Red as an output
  pinMode(iLEDRed, OUTPUT);
  
  // Start the receiver
  irrecv.enableIRIn();
  
}
//
void isIR(){

  if (irrecv.decode(&results))
  {
    
    // LED Red HIGH
    digitalWrite(iLEDRed, HIGH);
    
    //Serial.print("IR RECV Code = 0x ");
    //Serial.println(results.value, HEX);

    IRValue = "0x ";
    IRValue = IRValue + String(results.value, HEX);

    // LED Red LOW
    digitalWrite(iLEDRed, LOW);

    // IR Resume
    irrecv.resume();
    
  }
  else {

    IRValue = "0";
    
  }

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(IRValue) + "|*";
  
}

getLineSensor.ino

// Line Sensor
// isLine Sensor
void isLineSensor(){

  // Line Sensor
  iLineSensor = analogRead(iLine);

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iLineSensor) + "|";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) + "|" + 
  String(timeRTC) + "|";
  
}

getTempTMP102.ino

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
// Setup TMP102
void isSetupTMP102(){

  // Declare alertPin as an input
  pinMode(ALERT_PIN,INPUT);
  
  // Begin
  //It will return true on success or false on failure to communicate
  if(!sensor0.begin())
  {
    
    while(1);
    
  }
  
  // set the Conversion Rate
  //0-3: 0:0.25Hz, 1:1Hz, 2:4Hz, 3:8Hz
  sensor0.setConversionRate(2);
  
  //set Extended Mode.
  //0:12-bit Temperature(-55C to +128C) 1:13-bit Temperature(-55C to +150C)
  sensor0.setExtendedMode(0);
  
  // Set T_HIGH, the upper limit to trigger the alert on
  // Set T_HIGH in C
  sensor0.setHighTempC(29.4);
  
  // Set T_LOW, the lower limit to shut turn off the alert
  // set T_LOW in C
  sensor0.setLowTempC(27.67);

}
// is TMP102
void isTMP102(){

  // Turn sensor on to start temperature measurement.
  // Current consumtion typically ~10uA.
  sensor0.wakeup();

  // read temperature data C
  temperature = sensor0.readTempC();

  // Check for Alert
  // Read the Alert from pin
  alertPinState = digitalRead(ALERT_PIN);
  
  // Read the Alert from register
  alertRegisterState = sensor0.alert();
  
  // Place sensor in sleep mode to save power.
  // Current consumtion typically <0.5uA.
  sensor0.sleep();

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(temperature) + "|" + 
  String(alertPinState) + "|" + String(alertRegisterState) + "|";

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Initialize control over the keyboard:
  Keyboard.begin();

  // Pololu Setup IMU
  setupIMU();

  // Pololu Setup Magnetometer
  setupMag();

  // Setup TMP102
  isSetupTMP102();

  // SetupTSOP85
  isSetupIR();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor, E-Mentor, STEAM, and Arts-Based Training

  • Programming Language
  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102 – Mk07

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #TMP102 #LineSensor #AlcoholGasSensor #MinIMU9 #Pololu #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102

——

Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102

——

Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102

——

SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor – TMP102

The TMP102 is an easy-to-use digital temperature sensor from Texas Instruments. The TMP102 breakout allows you to easily incorporate the digital temperature sensor into your project. While some temperature sensors use an analog voltage to represent the temperature, the TMP102 uses the I2C bus of the Arduino to communicate the temperature. Needless to say, this is a very handy sensor that doesn’t require much setup.

The TMP102 is capable of reading temperatures to a resolution of 0.0625°C, and is accurate up to 0.5°C. The breakout has built-in 4.7k Ohm pull-up resistors for I2C communications and runs from 1.4V to 3.6V. I2C communication uses an open drain signaling, so there is no need to use level shifting.

DL2309Mk01

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor – QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor – TMP102
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 20
SCL – Digital 21
SW1 – Digital 2
MQ3 – Analog 0
LSB – Analog 1
ALE = Analog 3
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2309Mk01p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102 - Mk07
28-07
DL2309Mk01p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor - TMP102
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Keyboard
#include <Keyboard.h>
// Includes and variables for IMU integration
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
#include <LSM6.h>
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
#include <LIS3MDL.h>
// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
#include <SparkFunTMP102.h>

// Keyboard
String sKeyboard = "";

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// Pololu 9DoF IMU
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
LSM6 imu;
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Accelerometer
int imuAX;
int imuAY;
int imuAZ;
// Gyroscopes 
int imuGX;
int imuGY;
int imuGZ;
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
LIS3MDL mag;
// Magnetometer
int magX;
int magY;
int magZ;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A0;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113 (Analog)
int iLine = A1;
int iLineSensor = 0;

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
const int ALERT_PIN = A3;
TMP102 sensor0;
float temperature;
boolean alertPinState;
boolean alertRegisterState;

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 2;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-07";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // Pololu Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  isIMU();

  // Pololu Magnetometer
  isMag();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // SparkFun Line Sensor
  isLineSensor();

  // SparkFun Temperature TMP102
  isTMP102();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

     Keyboard.println(sKeyboard);
    
  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getAccelGyro.ino

// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Setup IMU
void setupIMU() {

  // Setup IMU
  imu.init();
  // Default
  imu.enableDefault();
  
}
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
void isIMU() {

  // Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  imu.read();
  // Accelerometer x, y, z
  imuAX = imu.a.x;
  imuAY = imu.a.y;
  imuAZ = imu.a.z;
  // Gyroscopes x, y, z
  imuGX = imu.g.x;
  imuGY = imu.g.y;
  imuGZ = imu.g.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuAX) + "|" + String(imuAY) + "|"
  + String(imuAZ) + "|";
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuGX) + "|" + String(imuGY) + "|"
  + String(imuGZ) + "|";
  
}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw );

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iMQ3ppm) + "|";

}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue;
  // % BAC = breath mg/L * 0.21
  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getIMUMagnetometer.ino

// IMU Magnetometer
// Setup Magnetometer
void setupMag() {

  // Setup Magnetometer
  mag.init();
  // Default
  mag.enableDefault();
  
}
// Magnetometer
void isMag() {

  // Magnetometer
  mag.read();
  // Magnetometer x, y, z
  magX = mag.m.x;
  magY = mag.m.y;
  magZ = mag.m.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(magX) + "|" + String(magY) + "|" 
  + String(magZ) + "|";
  
}

getLineSensor.ino

// Line Sensor
// isLine Sensor
void isLineSensor(){

  // Line Sensor
  iLineSensor = analogRead(iLine);

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iLineSensor) + "|";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) + "|" + 
  String(timeRTC) + "|";
  
}

getTempTMP102.ino

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
// Setup TMP102
void isSetupTMP102(){

  // Declare alertPin as an input
  pinMode(ALERT_PIN,INPUT);
  
  // Begin
  //It will return true on success or false on failure to communicate
  if(!sensor0.begin())
  {
    
    while(1);
    
  }
  
  // set the Conversion Rate
  //0-3: 0:0.25Hz, 1:1Hz, 2:4Hz, 3:8Hz
  sensor0.setConversionRate(2);
  
  //set Extended Mode.
  //0:12-bit Temperature(-55C to +128C) 1:13-bit Temperature(-55C to +150C)
  sensor0.setExtendedMode(0);
  
  // Set T_HIGH, the upper limit to trigger the alert on
  // Set T_HIGH in C
  sensor0.setHighTempC(29.4);
  
  // Set T_LOW, the lower limit to shut turn off the alert
  // set T_LOW in C
  sensor0.setLowTempC(27.67);

}
// is TMP102
void isTMP102(){

  // Turn sensor on to start temperature measurement.
  // Current consumtion typically ~10uA.
  sensor0.wakeup();

  // read temperature data C
  temperature = sensor0.readTempC();

  // Check for Alert
  // Read the Alert from pin
  alertPinState = digitalRead(ALERT_PIN);
  
  // Read the Alert from register
  alertRegisterState = sensor0.alert();
  
  // Place sensor in sleep mode to save power.
  // Current consumtion typically <0.5uA.
  sensor0.sleep();

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(temperature) + "|" + 
  String(alertPinState) + "|" + String(alertRegisterState) + "|*";

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Initialize control over the keyboard:
  Keyboard.begin();

  // Pololu Setup IMU
  setupIMU();

  // Pololu Setup Magnetometer
  setupMag();

  // Setup TMP102
  isSetupTMP102();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor, E-Mentor, STEAM, and Arts-Based Training

  • Programming Language
  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113 – Mk06

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #LineSensor #AlcoholGasSensor #MinIMU9 #Pololu #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113

——

SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113

——

SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113

——

SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113 (Analog)

This version of the QRE1113 breakout board features an easy-to-use analog output, which will vary depending on the amount of IR light reflected back to the sensor. This tiny board is perfect for line sensing applications and can be used in both 3.3V and 5V systems.

The board’s QRE1113 IR reflectance sensor is comprised of two parts – an IR emitting LED and an IR sensitive phototransistor. When you apply power to the VCC and GND pins the IR LED inside the sensor will illuminate. A 100 Ohm resistor is on-board and placed in series with the LED to limit current. A 10k Ohm resistor pulls the output pin high, but when the light from the LED is reflected back onto the phototransistor the output will begin to go lower. The more IR light sensed by the phototransistor, the lower the output voltage of the breakout board.

These sensors are widely used in line following robots, white surfaces reflect much more light than black, so, when directed towards a white surface, the voltage output will be lower than that on a black surface.

DL2308Mk07

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor – QRE1113
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 20
SCL – Digital 21
SW1 – Digital 2
MQ3 – Analog 0
LSB – Analog 1
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2308Mk07p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113 - Mk06
28-06
DL2308Mk07p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Keyboard
#include <Keyboard.h>
// Includes and variables for IMU integration
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
#include <LSM6.h>
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
#include <LIS3MDL.h>

// Keyboard
String sKeyboard = "";

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// Pololu 9DoF IMU
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
LSM6 imu;
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Accelerometer
int imuAX;
int imuAY;
int imuAZ;
// Gyroscopes 
int imuGX;
int imuGY;
int imuGZ;
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
LIS3MDL mag;
// Magnetometer
int magX;
int magY;
int magZ;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A0;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113 (Analog)
int iLine = A1;
int iLineSensor = 0;

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 2;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-06";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // Pololu Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  isIMU();

  // Pololu Magnetometer
  isMag();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // SparkFun Line Sensor
  isLineSensor();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

     Keyboard.println(sKeyboard);
    
  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getAccelGyro.ino

// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Setup IMU
void setupIMU() {

  // Setup IMU
  imu.init();
  // Default
  imu.enableDefault();
  
}
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
void isIMU() {

  // Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  imu.read();
  // Accelerometer x, y, z
  imuAX = imu.a.x;
  imuAY = imu.a.y;
  imuAZ = imu.a.z;
  // Gyroscopes x, y, z
  imuGX = imu.g.x;
  imuGY = imu.g.y;
  imuGZ = imu.g.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuAX) + "|" + String(imuAY) + "|"
  + String(imuAZ) + "|";
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuGX) + "|" + String(imuGY) + "|"
  + String(imuGZ) + "|";
  
}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw );

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iMQ3ppm) + "|";

}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue;
  // % BAC = breath mg/L * 0.21
  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getIMUMagnetometer.ino

// IMU Magnetometer
// Setup Magnetometer
void setupMag() {

  // Setup Magnetometer
  mag.init();
  // Default
  mag.enableDefault();
  
}
// Magnetometer
void isMag() {

  // Magnetometer
  mag.read();
  // Magnetometer x, y, z
  magX = mag.m.x;
  magY = mag.m.y;
  magZ = mag.m.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(magX) + "|" + String(magY) + "|" 
  + String(magZ) + "|";
  
}

getLineSensor.ino

// Line Sensor
// isLine Sensor
void isLineSensor(){

  // Line Sensor
  iLineSensor = analogRead(iLine);

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iLineSensor) + "|*";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) + "|" + 
  String(timeRTC) + "|";
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Initialize control over the keyboard:
  Keyboard.begin();

  // Pololu Setup IMU
  setupIMU();

  // Pololu Setup Magnetometer
  setupMag();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor, E-Mentor, STEAM, and Arts-Based Training

  • Programming Language
  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – Alcohol Gas Sensor MQ-3 – Mk05

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #AlcoholGasSensor #MinIMU9 #Pololu #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Alcohol Gas Sensor MQ-3

——

Alcohol Gas Sensor MQ-3

——

Alcohol Gas Sensor MQ-3

——

Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors

This carrier board is designed to work with any of the MQ-series gas sensors, simplifying the interface from 6 to 3 pins—ground, power and analog voltage output—that are broken out with a 0.1″ spacing, making the board compatible with 0.1″ headers and standard breadboards and perfboards. This board has two mounting holes and provides convenient pads for mounting the gas sensor’s required sensitivity-setting resistor.

Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3

This alcohol sensor is suitable for detecting alcohol concentration on your breath, just like your common breathalyzer. It has a high sensitivity and fast response time. Sensor provides an analog resistive output based on alcohol concentration.

How does this relate to the breath? It turns out that there is a standard conversion from breath alcohol content to BAC that is employed by commercial breathalyzers. Our formula for calculating BAC from the alcohol measured in the breath is:

% BAC = Breath mg/L * 0.21

DL2308Mk06

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 20
SCL – Digital 21
SW1 – Digital 2
MQ3 – Analog 0
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2308Mk06p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - Alcohol Gas Sensor MQ-3 - Mk05
28-05
DL2308Mk06p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Keyboard
#include <Keyboard.h>
// Includes and variables for IMU integration
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
#include <LSM6.h>
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
#include <LIS3MDL.h>

// Keyboard
String sKeyboard = "";

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// Pololu 9DoF IMU
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
LSM6 imu;
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Accelerometer
int imuAX;
int imuAY;
int imuAZ;
// Gyroscopes 
int imuGX;
int imuGY;
int imuGZ;
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
LIS3MDL mag;
// Magnetometer
int magX;
int magY;
int magZ;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A0;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// The number of the button pin
int iButton = 2;
// Variable for reading the button status
int buttonState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-05";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // Pololu Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  isIMU();

  // Pololu Magnetometer
  isMag();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // Read the state of the button value:
  buttonState = digitalRead(iButton);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the buttonState is HIGH:
  if (buttonState == HIGH) {

     Keyboard.println(sKeyboard);
    
  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getAccelGyro.ino

// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Setup IMU
void setupIMU() {

  // Setup IMU
  imu.init();
  // Default
  imu.enableDefault();
  
}
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
void isIMU() {

  // Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  imu.read();
  // Accelerometer x, y, z
  imuAX = imu.a.x;
  imuAY = imu.a.y;
  imuAZ = imu.a.z;
  // Gyroscopes x, y, z
  imuGX = imu.g.x;
  imuGY = imu.g.y;
  imuGZ = imu.g.z;

  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuAX) + "|" + String(imuAY) + "|" + String(imuAZ) + "|";
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuGX) + "|" + String(imuGY) + "|" + String(imuGZ) + "|";
  
}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw );

  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iMQ3ppm) + "|*";

}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue;
  // % BAC = breath mg/L * 0.21
  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getIMUMagnetometer.ino

// IMU Magnetometer
// Setup Magnetometer
void setupMag() {

  // Setup Magnetometer
  mag.init();
  // Default
  mag.enableDefault();
  
}
// Magnetometer
void isMag() {

  // Magnetometer
  mag.read();
  // Magnetometer x, y, z
  magX = mag.m.x;
  magY = mag.m.y;
  magZ = mag.m.z;

  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(magX) + "|" + String(magY) + "|" 
  + String(magZ) + "|";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) + "|" + 
  String(timeRTC) + "|";
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Initialize control over the keyboard:
  Keyboard.begin();

  // Pololu Setup IMU
  setupIMU();

  // Pololu Setup Magnetometer
  setupMag();

  // Initialize the button pin as an input
  pinMode(iButton, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor, E-Mentor, STEAM, and Arts-Based Training

  • Programming Language
  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 – Mk04

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #MinIMU9 #Pololu #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Pololu MinIMU-9 v5

——

Pololu MinIMU-9 v5

——

Pololu MinIMU-9 v5

——

Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass (LSM6DS33 and LIS3MDL Carrier)

The Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 is an inertial measurement unit (IMU) that packs an LSM6DS33 3-axis gyro and 3-axis accelerometer and an LIS3MDL 3-axis magnetometer onto a tiny 0.8″ × 0.5″ board. An I²C interface accesses nine independent rotation, acceleration, and magnetic measurements that can be used to calculate the sensor’s absolute orientation. The MinIMU-9 v5 board includes a voltage regulator and a level-shifting circuit that allow operation from 2.5 to 5.5 Volt.

DL2308Mk05

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 20
SCL – Digital 21
SW1 – Digital 2
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

——

DL2308Mk05p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 - Mk04
28-04
DL2308Mk05p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Keyboard
#include <Keyboard.h>
// Includes and variables for IMU integration
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
#include <LSM6.h>
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
#include <LIS3MDL.h>

// Keyboard
String sKeyboard = "";

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// Pololu 9DoF IMU
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
LSM6 imu;
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Accelerometer
int imuAX;
int imuAY;
int imuAZ;
// Gyroscopes 
int imuGX;
int imuGY;
int imuGZ;
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
LIS3MDL mag;
// Magnetometer
int magX;
int magY;
int magZ;

// The number of the pushbutton pin
int iButton = 2;
// Variable for reading the button status
int buttonState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-04";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // Pololu Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  isIMU();

  // Pololu Magnetometer
  isMag();

  // Read the state of the button value:
  buttonState = digitalRead(iButton);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the buttonState is HIGH:
  if (buttonState == HIGH) {

     Keyboard.println(sKeyboard);
    
  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getAccelGyro.ino

// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Setup IMU
void setupIMU() {

  // Setup IMU
  imu.init();
  // Default
  imu.enableDefault();
  
}
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
void isIMU() {

  // Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  imu.read();
  // Accelerometer x, y, z
  imuAX = imu.a.x;
  imuAY = imu.a.y;
  imuAZ = imu.a.z;
  // Gyroscopes x, y, z
  imuGX = imu.g.x;
  imuGY = imu.g.y;
  imuGZ = imu.g.z;

  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuAX) + "|" + String(imuAY) + "|" + String(imuAZ) + "|";
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuGX) + "|" + String(imuGY) + "|" + String(imuGZ) + "|";
  
}

getIMUMagnetometer.ino

// IMU Magnetometer
// Setup Magnetometer
void setupMag() {

  // Setup Magnetometer
  mag.init();
  // Default
  mag.enableDefault();
  
}
// Magnetometer
void isMag() {

  // Magnetometer
  mag.read();
  // Magnetometer x, y, z
  magX = mag.m.x;
  magY = mag.m.y;
  magZ = mag.m.z;

  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(magX) + "|" + String(magY) + "|" + String(magZ) + "|*";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) + "|" + 
  String(timeRTC) + "|";
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Initialize control over the keyboard:
  Keyboard.begin();

  // Pololu Setup IMU
  setupIMU();

  // Pololu Setup Magnetometer
  setupMag();

  // Initialize the button pin as an input
  pinMode(iButton, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor, E-Mentor, STEAM, and Arts-Based Training

  • Programming Language
  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

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