The Alpha Geek – Geeking Out

SparkFun

SparkFun

1 2 3 31

Project #28 – Sensors – PIR Motion Sensor – Mk13

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#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #PIR #Adafruit #SparkFun #Pololu #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

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PIR Motion Sensor

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PIR Motion Sensor

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PIR Motion Sensor

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PIR Motion Sensor (JST)

This is a simple to use motion sensor. Power it up and wait 1-2 seconds for the sensor to get a snapshot of the still room. If anything moves after that period, the “Alarm” pin will go low. This unit works great from 5 to 12 Volt. The alarm pin is an open collector meaning you will need a pull up resistor on the alarm pin. The open drain setup allows multiple motion sensors to be connected on a single input pin. If any of the motion sensors go off, the input pin will be pulled low.

At their most fundamental level, PIR sensor’s are infrared-sensitive light detectors. By monitoring light in the infrared spectrum, PIR sensors can sense subtle changes in temperature across the area they’re viewing. When a human or some other object comes into the PIR’s field-of-view, the radiation pattern changes, and the PIR interprets that change as movement. All that’s left for us to connect is three pins: power, ground, and the output signal.

DL2401Mk02

1 x SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x PIR Motion Sensor
1 x Pololu 5V Step-Up Voltage Regulator U1V10F5
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x 1 x Lithium Ion Battery – 1000mAh
1 x Terminal Block Breakout FeatherWing
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 23
SCL – Digital 22
SW1 – Digital 21
PIR – Digital 14
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

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DL2401Mk01p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - PIR Motion Sensor - Mk13
28-13
DL2401Mk01p.ino
1 x SparkFun Thing Plus - ESP32 WROOM
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x PIR Motion Sensor
1 x Pololu 5V Step-Up Voltage Regulator U1V10F5
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x Lithium Ion Battery - 1000mAh
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x Terminal Block Breakout FeatherWing
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// Bluetooth LE keyboard
#include <BleKeyboard.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Serial Peripheral Interface
#include <SPI.h>
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>

// Bluetooth LE Keyboard
BleKeyboard bleKeyboard;
String sKeyboard = "";
// Send Size
byte sendSize = 0;

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// PIR Motion
// Motion detector
const int iMotion = 14;
// Proximity
int proximity = LOW;
String Det = "";

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 21;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-13";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // isPIR Motion
  isPIR();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

    // Bluetooth LE Keyboard
    isBluetooth();

  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getBleKeyboard.ino

// Ble Keyboard
// Bluetooth
// isBluetooth
void isBluetooth() {

  // ESP32 BLE Keyboard
  if(bleKeyboard.isConnected()) {

    // Send Size Length
    sendSize = sKeyboard.length();

    // Send Size, charAt
    for(byte i = 0; i < sendSize+1; i++){

       // Write
       bleKeyboard.write(sKeyboard.charAt(i));
       delay(50);
    
    }
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_RETURN);

  }

}

getPIR.ino

// PIR Motion
// Setup PIR
void setupPIR() {

  // Setup PIR Montion
  pinMode(iMotion, INPUT_PULLUP);
  
}
// isPIR Motion
void isPIR() {

  // Proximity
  proximity = digitalRead(iMotion);
  if (proximity == LOW) 
  {

    // PIR Motion Sensor's LOW, Motion is detected
    Det = "Motion Yes";

  }
  else
  {

    // PIR Motion Sensor's HIGH
    Det = "No";
    
  }

  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(Det) + "|*";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void isSetupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // bleKeyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) 
  + "|" + String(timeRTC) + "|";

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Bluetooth LE keyboard
  bleKeyboard.begin();
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  isSetupRTC();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // PIR Motion
  // Setup PIR
  setupPIR();
  
  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Teacher, Instructor, E-Mentor, R&D and Consulting

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Arm, Silicon Labs, Espressif, Etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Automation
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • RTOS
  • eHealth Sensors, Biosensor, and Biometric
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Consulting

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2024
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #05: Lamps – NeoPixels – Mk02

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#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Lamps #NeoPixels #Keyboard #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

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NeoPixels

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NeoPixels

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NeoPixels

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NeoPixels

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NeoPixels

The WS2812 Integrated Light Source, or NeoPixel in Adafruit parlance, is the latest advance in the quest for a simple, scalable and affordable full-color LED. Red, green and blue LEDs are integrated alongside a driver chip into a tiny surface-mount package controlled through a single wire. They can be used individually, chained into longer strings or assembled into still more interesting form-factors.

NeoPixels don’t just light up on their own; they require a microcontroller, such as Arduino, and some programming. We provide some sample code to get you started. To create your own effects and animation, you’ll need some programming practice. If this is a new experience, work through some of the beginning Arduino tutorials to get a feel for the language.

NeoPixel Stick – 8 x 5050 RGB LED

Make your own little LED strip arrangement with this stick of NeoPixel LEDs. We crammed 8 of the tiny 5050 smart RGB LEDs onto a PCB with mounting holes and a chainable design. Use only one microcontroller pin to control as many as you can chain together. Each LED is addressable as the driver chip is inside the LED. Each one has constant current drive so the color will be very consistent even if the voltage varies, and no external choke resistors are required making the design slim. Power the whole thing with 5VDC and you’re ready to rock. The LEDs are “Chainable” by connecting the output of one stick into the input of another. There is a single data line with a very timing-specific protocol.

DL2401Mk01

1 x Arduino Pro Mini 328 – 3.3V/8MHz
2 x NeoPixel Stick – 8 x 5050 RGB LED
2 x Rotary Potentiometer – 10k Ohm
1 x Potentiometer Knob – Soft Touch T18 – Blue
1 x Potentiometer Knob – Soft Touch T18 – Red
1 x Mountable Slide Switch
1 x SparkFun USB Mini-B Breakout
1 x Enclosure
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Arduino Pro Mini 328 – 3.3V/8MHz

NPX – Digital 8
BRI – Analog A0
COL – Analog A3
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2401Mk01p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #05: Lamps - NeoPixels - Mk02
05-02
DL2401Mk01p.ino
1 x Arduino Pro Mini 328 - 3.3V/8MHz
2 x NeoPixel Stick - 8 x 5050 RGB LED
2 x Rotary Potentiometer - 10k Ohm
1 x Potentiometer Knob - Soft Touch T18 - Blue
1 x Potentiometer Knob - Soft Touch T18 - Red
1 x Mountable Slide Switch
1 x SparkFun USB Mini-B Breakout
1 x Enclosure
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// NeoPixel
#include <Adafruit_NeoPixel.h>

// NeoPixels
#define PIN 8
// How many NeoPixels are attached to the Arduino => 16
#define NUMPIXELS 16
Adafruit_NeoPixel pixels = Adafruit_NeoPixel(NUMPIXELS, PIN, NEO_GRB + NEO_KHZ800);

// Color
// Red
int red = 0;
// Green
int green = 0;
// Blue
int blue = 0;

// 2 x Panel Mount 1K potentiometer
// Brighten
const int iSensorBrighten = A0;
int BrightenValue = 0;
int sensorMin = 1023;        // minimum sensor value
int sensorMax = 0;           // maximum sensor value

// Color
const int iSensorColor = A3;
int y = 0;
int ColorVal = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "05-02";

void loop() {

  // Color
  isRangeColor();

  // Brighten
  isNeopix();

}

getNeopix.ino

// Neopix
void isNeopix() {
  
  for(int i=0; i<NUMPIXELS; i++){

    // Neopix
    BrightenValue = analogRead( iSensorBrighten );

    // Apply the calibration to the sensor reading
    BrightenValue = map(BrightenValue, sensorMin, sensorMax, 0, 255);

    // In case the sensor value is outside the range seen during calibration
    BrightenValue = constrain(BrightenValue, 0, 255); 
    
    pixels.setBrightness( BrightenValue );

    // The pixels.Color takes RGB values, from 0,0,0 up to 255,255,255
    pixels.setPixelColor(i, pixels.Color(red,green,blue));
    
    // This sends the updated pixel color to the hardware
    pixels.show();
 
  }
  
}
// Range Color
void isRangeColor() {

  // Range Color
  ColorVal = analogRead( iSensorColor );
  y = (ColorVal / 127);
  
  switch ( y ) {
    case  0:
      // White
      red = 255;
      green = 255;
      blue = 255; 
      break;
    case 1:
      // Yellow
      red = 255;
      green = 255;
      blue = 0;        
      isNeopix();
      break;
    case 2:
      // Pink
      red = 255;
      green = 153;
      blue = 203;        
      isNeopix();
      break;
    case 3:
      // Blue
      red = 0;
      green = 102;
      blue = 204;        
      isNeopix();       
      isNeopix();
      break;  
    case 4:
      // Green
      red = 0;
      green = 255;
      blue = 0;        
      isNeopix();
      break;
    case 5:
      // Orange
      red = 255;
      green = 102;
      blue = 0;        
      isNeopix();
      break;
    case 6:
      // Violet
      red = 204;
      green = 102;
      blue = 204;        
      isNeopix();
      break;     
    case 7:
      // Red
      red = 255;
      green = 0;
      blue = 0;        
      isNeopix();
      break; 
  }
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{

  // This initializes the NeoPixel library
  pixels.begin();
  delay(50);

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Teacher, Instructor, E-Mentor, R&D and Consulting

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Arm, Silicon Labs, Espressif, Etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Automation
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • RTOS
  • eHealth Sensors, Biosensor, and Biometric
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Consulting

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2024
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #16: Sound – Microphone and SD Card – Mk24

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#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sound #Mic #SD #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

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Microphone and SD Card

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Microphone and SD Card

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Microphone and SD Card

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SparkFun Electret Microphone

This small breakout board couples an Electret microphone (100Hz–10kHz) with a 60x mic preamplifier to amplify the sounds of voice, claps, door knocks or any sounds loud enough to be picked up by a microcontroller’s analog-to-digital converter. Each breakout comes fully assembled and works from 2.7 Volt up to 5.5 Volt.

The Electret Mic Breakout translates amplitude, not volume, by capturing sound waves between two conducting plates in the microphone and converting them into electrical waves. These electrical signals are then amplified and picked up by your microcontroller’s ADC.

DL2310Mk02

1 x SparkFun RedBoard Qwiic
1 x SparkFun Electret Microphone Breakout
1 x MicroSD card breakout board+
1 x SD Card 8 GB
1 x LED Green
2 x Buttom
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

SparkFun RedBoard Qwiic

CLK – Digital 13
DO – Digital 12
DI – Digital 11
CS – Digital 10
LED – Digital 6
BSA – Digital 2
BUO – Digital 3
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2310Mk02p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #16: Sound - Microphone and SD Card - Mk24
16-24
DL2310Mk02p.ino
1 x SparkFun RedBoard Qwiic
1 x SparkFun Electret Microphone Breakout
1 x MicroSD card breakout board+
1 x SD Card 8 GB
1 x LED Green
2 x Buttom
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// SD Library and SD Card
#include <SD.h>
// SPI Devices
#include <SPI.h>
// TMRpcm  playback/recording of PCM/WAV files direct from SD card
#include <pcmConfig.h>
#include <pcmRF.h>
#include <TMRpcm.h>

// SD Library and SD Card
#define SD_ChipSelectPin 10

// TMRpcm  playback/recording of PCM/WAV files direct from SD card
TMRpcm audio;
int audiofile = 0;

// Uno
#define buffSize 128
#define ENABLE_RECORDING
#define BLOCK_COUNT 10000UL

// SparkFun Electret Microphone
int iAUD = A0;

// LED Green
int iLEDG = 6;

// Buttom
// Start Recording
int iStartRecording = 2;
int iStartState = 0;
// Stop Recording
int iStopRecording = 3;
int iStopState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "16-24";

void loop() {

  // Buttom
  // Start Recording
  isStartRecording();

  // Buttom
  // Stop Recording
  isStopRecording();
  
}

getAudio.ino

// TMRpcm playback/recording of PCM/WAV files direct from SD card
// Start Recording
void isStartRecording() {

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  iStartState = digitalRead(iStartRecording);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (iStartState == HIGH) {

    // Led Green HIGH
    digitalWrite(iLEDG, HIGH);

    // Audio File
    audiofile++;

    switch (audiofile) {
      case 1: audio.startRecording("File01.wav", 16000, iAUD); break;
      case 2: audio.startRecording("File02.wav", 16000, iAUD); break;
      case 3: audio.startRecording("File03.wav", 16000, iAUD); break;
      case 4: audio.startRecording("File04.wav", 16000, iAUD); break;
      case 5: audio.startRecording("File05.wav", 16000, iAUD); break;
      case 6: audio.startRecording("File06.wav", 16000, iAUD); break;
      case 7: audio.startRecording("File07.wav", 16000, iAUD); break;
      case 8: audio.startRecording("File08.wav", 16000, iAUD); break;
      case 9: audio.startRecording("File09.wav", 16000, iAUD); break;
      case 10: audio.startRecording("File10.wav", 16000, iAUD); break;
    }

  }
  
}
// Stop Recording
void isStopRecording(){

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  iStopState = digitalRead(iStopRecording);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (iStopState == HIGH) {

    // LED Green LOW
    digitalWrite(iLEDG, LOW);

    // Audio File
    switch (audiofile) {
      case 1: audio.stopRecording("File01.wav"); break;
      case 2: audio.stopRecording("File02.wav"); break;
      case 3: audio.stopRecording("File03.wav"); break;
      case 4: audio.stopRecording("File04.wav"); break;
      case 5: audio.stopRecording("File05.wav"); break;
      case 6: audio.stopRecording("File06.wav"); break;
      case 7: audio.stopRecording("File07.wav"); break;
      case 8: audio.stopRecording("File08.wav"); break;
      case 9: audio.stopRecording("File09.wav"); break;
      case 10: audio.stopRecording("File10.wav"); break;
    }  

  }

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // SparkFun Electret Microphone
  pinMode(iAUD, INPUT);

  // LED Green
  pinMode(iLEDG, OUTPUT);
  
  // Buttom
  // Start Recording
  pinMode(iStartRecording, INPUT);
  // Stop Recording
  pinMode(iStopRecording, INPUT);

  // TMRpcm playback/recording of PCM/WAV files direct from SD card
  SD.begin(SD_ChipSelectPin);
  audio.CSPin = SD_ChipSelectPin;

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Teacher, Instructor, E-Mentor, R&D and Consulting

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Arm, Silicon Labs, Espressif, Etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Automation
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • RTOS
  • eHealth Sensors, Biosensor, and Biometric
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Consulting

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – HC-SR04 – Mk12

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #LSM9DS1 #IMU #GPSReceiver #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

HC-SR04

——

HC-SR04

——

HC-SR04

——

Pololu 5 Volt Step-Up Voltage Regulator U1V10F5

This tiny U1V10F5 switching step-up voltage regulator efficiently generates 5 Volt from input voltages as low as 0.5 Volt. Unlike most boost regulators, the U1V10F5 automatically switches to a linear down-regulation mode when the input voltage exceeds the output.

Ultrasonic Distance Sensor – HC-SR04 (5 Volt)

This is the HC-SR04 ultrasonic distance sensor. This economical sensor provides 2 Centimetres to 400 Centimetres of non-contact measurement functionality with a ranging accuracy that can reach up to 3 Millimetres. Each HC-SR04 module includes an ultrasonic transmitter, a receiver and a control circuit. There are only four pins that you need to worry about on the HC-SR04: VCC (Power), Trig (Trigger), Echo (Receive), and GND (Ground). This sensor has additional control circuitry that can prevent inconsistent “Bouncy” data depending on the application.

DL2310Mk01

1 x SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x GPS Receiver – GP-20U7 (56 Channel)
1 x SparkFun 9DoF IMU Breakout – LSM9DS1
1 x Ultrasonic Distance Sensor – HC-SR04 (5V)
1 x Pololu 5V Step-Up Voltage Regulator U1V10F5
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x 1 x Lithium Ion Battery – 1000mAh
1 x Terminal Block Breakout FeatherWing
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 23
SCL – Digital 22
SW1 – Digital 21
GPT – Digital 17
GPR – Digital 16
TRI – Digital 15
ECH – Digital 14
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2310Mk01p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - HC-SR04 - Mk12
28-12
DL2310Mk01p.ino
1 x SparkFun Thing Plus - ESP32 WROOM
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x GPS Receiver - GP-20U7 (56 Channel)
1 x SparkFun 9DoF IMU Breakout - LSM9DS1
1 x Ultrasonic Distance Sensor - HC-SR04 (5V)
1 x Pololu 5V Step-Up Voltage Regulator U1V10F5
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x Lithium Ion Battery - 1000mAh
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x Terminal Block Breakout FeatherWing
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// Bluetooth LE keyboard
#include <BleKeyboard.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Serial Peripheral Interface
#include <SPI.h>
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// GPS Receiver
#include <TinyGPS++.h>
// ESP32 Hardware Serial
#include <HardwareSerial.h>
// LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
#include <SparkFunLSM9DS1.h>

// Bluetooth LE Keyboard
BleKeyboard bleKeyboard;
String sKeyboard = "";
// Send Size
byte sendSize = 0;

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// GPS Receiver
#define gpsRXPIN 16
// This one is unused and doesnt have a conection
#define gpsTXPIN 17
// The TinyGPS++ object
TinyGPSPlus gps;
// Latitude
float TargetLat;
// Longitude
float TargetLon;
// GPS Date, Time
// GPS Date
String TargetDat;
// GPS Time
String TargetTim;
// GPS Status
String GPSSt = "";

// ESP32 HardwareSerial
HardwareSerial tGPS(2);

// LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
LSM9DS1 imu;
#define PRINT_CALCULATED
// Earth's magnetic field varies by location. Add or subtract
// a declination to get a more accurate heading. Calculate
// your's here: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag-web/#declination
// Declination (degrees) in El Centro, CA
#define DECLINATION 10.4
// Gyro
float fGyroX;
float fGyroY;
float fGyroZ;
// Accel
float fAccelX;
float fAccelY;
float fAccelZ;
// Mag
float fMagX;
float fMagY;
float fMagZ;
// Attitude
float fRoll;
float fPitch;
float fHeading;

// HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
int iTrig = 15;
int iEcho = 14;
// Stores the distance measured by the distance sensor
float distance = 0;

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 21;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-12";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // isGPS
  isGPS();
  
  // GPS Keyboard
  isGPSKeyboard();

  // Gyro
  isGyro();

  // Accel
  isAccel();

  // Mag
  isMag();

  // Attitude
  isAttitude();

  // HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
  isHCSR04();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

    // Bluetooth LE Keyboard
    isBluetooth();

  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getBleKeyboard.ino

// Ble Keyboard
// Bluetooth
// isBluetooth
void isBluetooth() {

  // ESP32 BLE Keyboard
  if(bleKeyboard.isConnected()) {

    // Send Size Length
    sendSize = sKeyboard.length();

    // Send Size, charAt
    for(byte i = 0; i < sendSize+1; i++){

       // Write
       bleKeyboard.write(sKeyboard.charAt(i));
       delay(50);
    
    }
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_RETURN);

  }

}

getGPS.ino

// GPS Receiver
// Setup GPS
void isSetupGPS() {

  // Setup GPS
  //tGPS.begin( 9600 );
  // Setup GPS
  tGPS.begin(  9600 , SERIAL_8N1 , gpsRXPIN , gpsTXPIN );

}
// isGPS
void isGPS(){

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  // This sketch displays information every time a new sentence is correctly encoded
  while ( tGPS.available() > 0)
    
    if (gps.encode( tGPS.read() ))
    {
     
       // GPS Vector Pointer Target
       displayInfo();

       // GPS Date, Time
       displayDTS();

    }
 
  if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10)
  {
   
     while(true);
    
  }

}
// GPS Vector Pointer Target
void displayInfo(){

  // Location
  if (gps.location.isValid())
  {
    
     // Latitude
     TargetLat = gps.location.lat();
     // Longitude
     TargetLon = gps.location.lng();
     // GPS Status 2
     GPSSt = "Yes";
    
  }
  else
  {

     // GPS Status 0
     GPSSt = "No";
     TargetLat = 0;
     TargetLon = 0;
    
  }

  

}
// GPS Date, Time
void displayDTS(){

  // Date
  TargetDat = ""; 
  if (gps.date.isValid())
  {
    
     // Date
     // Year
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.year(), DEC);
     TargetDat += "/";
     // Month
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.month(), DEC);
     TargetDat += "/";
     // Day
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.day(), DEC);
    
  }

  // Time
  TargetTim = "";
  if (gps.time.isValid())
  {
    
     // Time
     // Hour
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.hour(), DEC);
     TargetTim += ":";
     // Minute
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.minute(), DEC);
     TargetTim += ":";
     // Secound
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.second(), DEC);
    
  }

}
// GPS Keyboard
void isGPSKeyboard(){

  // GPS Keyboard
  // bleKeyboard
  // GPS Vector Pointer Target
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + GPSSt + "|" + String(TargetLat) 
  + "|" + String(TargetLon) + "|";

  // bleKeyboard
  // GPS Date, Time
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + TargetDat + "|" + 
  TargetTim + "|";

}

getHC-SR04.ino

// HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
// Setup HC-SR04
void isSetupHCSR04() {

  // The trigger iTrig will output pulses of electricity
  pinMode(iTrig, OUTPUT);
  // The echo iEcho will measure the duration of pulses coming back from the distance sensor
  pinMode(iEcho, INPUT);
  
}
// HC-SR04
void isHCSR04() {

  // Variable to store the distance measured by the sensor
  distance = isDistance();

  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(distance) + " cm|*";
    
}
// Distance
float isDistance() {
  
  // Variable to store the time it takes for a ping to bounce off an object
  float echoTime;
  // Variable to store the distance calculated from the echo time
  float calculatedDistance;

  // Send out an ultrasonic pulse that's 10ms long
  digitalWrite(iTrig, HIGH);
  delayMicroseconds(10);
  digitalWrite(iTrig, LOW);

  // Use the pulseIn command to see how long it takes for the
  // pulse to bounce back to the sensor
  echoTime = pulseIn(iEcho, HIGH);

  // Calculate the distance of the object that reflected the pulse
  // (half the bounce time multiplied by the speed of sound)
  // cm = 58.0
  calculatedDistance = echoTime / 58.0;

  // Send back the distance that was calculated
  return calculatedDistance;
  
}

getLSM9DS1.ino

// LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
// Gyro
void isGyro(){

  // Update the sensor values whenever new data is available
  if ( imu.gyroAvailable() )
  {
    
    // To read from the gyroscope,  first call the
    // readGyro() function. When it exits, it'll update the
    // gx, gy, and gz variables with the most current data.
    imu.readGyro();
    // If you want to print calculated values, you can use the
    // calcGyro helper function to convert a raw ADC value to
    // DPS. Give the function the value that you want to convert.
    fGyroX = imu.calcGyro(imu.gx);
    fGyroY = imu.calcGyro(imu.gy);
    fGyroZ = imu.calcGyro(imu.gz);

    // bleKeyboard
    // Gyro
    sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fGyroX)  + "|" + String(fGyroY) 
    + "|" + String(fGyroZ) + "|";
    
  }
  
}
// Accel
void isAccel(){

    // Update the sensor values whenever new data is available
  if ( imu.accelAvailable() )
  {
    
    // To read from the accelerometer, first call the
    // readAccel() function. When it exits, it'll update the
    // ax, ay, and az variables with the most current data.
    imu.readAccel();
    // If you want to print calculated values, you can use the
    // calcAccel helper function to convert a raw ADC value to
    // g's. Give the function the value that you want to convert.
    fAccelX = imu.calcAccel(imu.ax);
    fAccelY = imu.calcAccel(imu.ay);
    fAccelZ = imu.calcAccel(imu.az);

    // bleKeyboard
    // Accel
    sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fAccelX)  + "|" + String(fAccelY) 
    + "|" + String(fAccelZ) + "|";
    
  }
  
}
// Mag
void isMag(){

  // Update the sensor values whenever new data is available
  if ( imu.magAvailable() )
  {
    
    // To read from the magnetometer, first call the
    // readMag() function. When it exits, it'll update the
    // mx, my, and mz variables with the most current data.
    imu.readMag();
    // If you want to print calculated values, you can use the
    // calcMag helper function to convert a raw ADC value to
    // Gauss. Give the function the value that you want to convert.
    fMagX = imu.calcMag(imu.mx);
    fMagY = imu.calcMag(imu.my);
    fMagZ = imu.calcMag(imu.mz);

    // bleKeyboard
    // Mag
    sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fMagX)  + "|" + String(fMagY) 
    + "|" + String(fMagZ) + "|";
    
  }
  
}
// Attitude
void isAttitude(){

  // Attitude
  // Roll
  fRoll = atan2(fAccelY, fAccelZ);
  // Pitch
  fPitch = atan2(-fAccelX, sqrt(fAccelY * fAccelY + fAccelZ * fAccelZ)); 
  // Heading
  if (fMagY == 0) {
    fHeading = (fMagX < 0) ? PI : 0;
  }
  else {
    fHeading = atan2(fMagX, fMagY);
  }

  fHeading -= DECLINATION * PI / 180;

  if (fHeading > PI) fHeading -= (2 * PI);
  else if (fHeading < -PI) fHeading += (2 * PI);

  // Convert everything from radians to degrees:
  fHeading *= 180.0 / PI;
  fPitch *= 180.0 / PI;
  fRoll  *= 180.0 / PI;

  // bleKeyboard
  // Attitude
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fHeading)  + "|" + String(fPitch) 
  + "|" + String(fRoll) + "|";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void isSetupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // bleKeyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) 
  + "|" + String(timeRTC) + "|";

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Bluetooth LE keyboard
  bleKeyboard.begin();
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  isSetupRTC();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // GPS Receiver
  // Setup GPS
  isSetupGPS();

  // LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
  imu.begin();

  // Setup HC-SR04
  isSetupHCSR04();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Teacher, Instructor, E-Mentor, R&D and Consulting

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Arm, Silicon Labs, Espressif, Etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Automation
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • RTOS
  • eHealth Sensors, Biosensor, and Biometric
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Consulting

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
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Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – LSM9DS1 – Mk11

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #LSM9DS1 #IMU #GPSReceiver #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

LSM9DS1

——

LSM9DS1

——

LSM9DS1

——

SparkFun 9DoF IMU Breakout – LSM9DS1

The SparkFun LSM9DS1 Breakout is a versatile, motion-sensing System-In-A-Chip. It houses a 3-axis accelerometer, 3-axis gyroscope, and 3-axis magnetometer, nine degrees of freedom (9DOF) on a single board. The LSM9DS1 from STMicroelectronics is equipped with a digital interface, but even that is flexible. This IMU-In-A-Chip is so cool we put it on the quarter-sized breakout board you are currently viewing.

The LSM9DS1 is one of only a handful of IC’s that can measure three key properties of movement, angular velocity, acceleration, and heading, in a single IC. By measuring these three properties, you can gain a great deal of knowledge about an object’s movement and orientation. The LSM9DS1 measures each of these movement properties in three dimensions. That means it produces nine pieces of data: acceleration in x/y/z, angular rotation in x/y/z, and magnetic force in x/y/z. The LSM9DS1 Breakout has labels indicating the accelerometer and gyroscope axis orientations, which share a right-hand rule relationship with each other.

DL2309Mk05

1 x SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x GPS Receiver – GP-20U7 (56 Channel)
1 x SparkFun 9DoF IMU Breakout – LSM9DS1
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x 1 x Lithium Ion Battery – 1000mAh
1 x Terminal Block Breakout FeatherWing
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 23
SCL – Digital 22
SW1 – Digital 21
GPT – Digital 17
GPR – Digital 16
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

——

DL2309Mk05p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - LSM9DS1 - Mk11
28-11
DL2309Mk05p.ino
1 x SparkFun Thing Plus - ESP32 WROOM
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x GPS Receiver - GP-20U7 (56 Channel)
1 x SparkFun 9DoF IMU Breakout - LSM9DS1
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x Lithium Ion Battery - 1000mAh
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x Terminal Block Breakout FeatherWing
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// Bluetooth LE keyboard
#include <BleKeyboard.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Serial Peripheral Interface
#include <SPI.h>
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// GPS Receiver
#include <TinyGPS++.h>
// ESP32 Hardware Serial
#include <HardwareSerial.h>
// LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
#include <SparkFunLSM9DS1.h>

// Bluetooth LE Keyboard
BleKeyboard bleKeyboard;
String sKeyboard = "";
// Send Size
byte sendSize = 0;

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// GPS Receiver
#define gpsRXPIN 16
// This one is unused and doesnt have a conection
#define gpsTXPIN 17
// The TinyGPS++ object
TinyGPSPlus gps;
// Latitude
float TargetLat;
// Longitude
float TargetLon;
// GPS Date, Time
// GPS Date
String TargetDat;
// GPS Time
String TargetTim;
// GPS Status
String GPSSt = "";

// ESP32 HardwareSerial
HardwareSerial tGPS(2);

// LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
LSM9DS1 imu;
#define PRINT_CALCULATED
// Earth's magnetic field varies by location. Add or subtract
// a declination to get a more accurate heading. Calculate
// your's here: http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag-web/#declination
// Declination (degrees) in El Centro, CA
#define DECLINATION 10.4
// Gyro
float fGyroX;
float fGyroY;
float fGyroZ;
// Accel
float fAccelX;
float fAccelY;
float fAccelZ;
// Mag
float fMagX;
float fMagY;
float fMagZ;
// Attitude
float fRoll;
float fPitch;
float fHeading;

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 21;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-11";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // isGPS
  isGPS();
  
  // GPS Keyboard
  isGPSKeyboard();

  // Gyro
  isGyro();

  // Accel
  isAccel();

  // Mag
  isMag();

  // Attitude
  isAttitude();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

    // Bluetooth LE Keyboard
    isBluetooth();

  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getBleKeyboard.ino

// Ble Keyboard
// Bluetooth
// isBluetooth
void isBluetooth() {

  // ESP32 BLE Keyboard
  if(bleKeyboard.isConnected()) {

    // Send Size Length
    sendSize = sKeyboard.length();

    // Send Size, charAt
    for(byte i = 0; i < sendSize+1; i++){

       // Write
       bleKeyboard.write(sKeyboard.charAt(i));
       delay(50);
    
    }
    bleKeyboard.write(KEY_RETURN);

  }

}

getGPS.ino

// GPS Receiver
// Setup GPS
void setupGPS() {

  // Setup GPS
  //tGPS.begin( 9600 );
  // Setup GPS
  tGPS.begin(  9600 , SERIAL_8N1 , gpsRXPIN , gpsTXPIN );

}
// isGPS
void isGPS(){

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  // This sketch displays information every time a new sentence is correctly encoded
  while ( tGPS.available() > 0)
    
    if (gps.encode( tGPS.read() ))
    {
     
       // GPS Vector Pointer Target
       displayInfo();

       // GPS Date, Time
       displayDTS();

    }
 
  if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10)
  {
   
     while(true);
    
  }

}
// GPS Vector Pointer Target
void displayInfo(){

  // Location
  if (gps.location.isValid())
  {
    
     // Latitude
     TargetLat = gps.location.lat();
     // Longitude
     TargetLon = gps.location.lng();
     // GPS Status 2
     GPSSt = "Yes";
    
  }
  else
  {

     // GPS Status 0
     GPSSt = "No";
     TargetLat = 0;
     TargetLon = 0;
    
  }

  

}
// GPS Date, Time
void displayDTS(){

  // Date
  TargetDat = ""; 
  if (gps.date.isValid())
  {
    
     // Date
     // Year
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.year(), DEC);
     TargetDat += "/";
     // Month
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.month(), DEC);
     TargetDat += "/";
     // Day
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.day(), DEC);
    
  }

  // Time
  TargetTim = "";
  if (gps.time.isValid())
  {
    
     // Time
     // Hour
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.hour(), DEC);
     TargetTim += ":";
     // Minute
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.minute(), DEC);
     TargetTim += ":";
     // Secound
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.second(), DEC);
    
  }

}
// GPS Keyboard
void isGPSKeyboard(){

  // GPS Keyboard
  // bleKeyboard
  // GPS Vector Pointer Target
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + GPSSt + "|" + String(TargetLat) 
  + "|" + String(TargetLon) + "|";

  // bleKeyboard
  // GPS Date, Time
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + TargetDat + "|" + 
  TargetTim + "|";

}

getLSM9DS1.ino

// LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
// Gyro
void isGyro(){

  // Update the sensor values whenever new data is available
  if ( imu.gyroAvailable() )
  {
    
    // To read from the gyroscope,  first call the
    // readGyro() function. When it exits, it'll update the
    // gx, gy, and gz variables with the most current data.
    imu.readGyro();
    // If you want to print calculated values, you can use the
    // calcGyro helper function to convert a raw ADC value to
    // DPS. Give the function the value that you want to convert.
    fGyroX = imu.calcGyro(imu.gx);
    fGyroY = imu.calcGyro(imu.gy);
    fGyroZ = imu.calcGyro(imu.gz);

    // bleKeyboard
    // Gyro
    sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fGyroX)  + "|" + String(fGyroY) 
    + "|" + String(fGyroZ) + "|";
    
  }
  
}
// Accel
void isAccel(){

    // Update the sensor values whenever new data is available
  if ( imu.accelAvailable() )
  {
    
    // To read from the accelerometer, first call the
    // readAccel() function. When it exits, it'll update the
    // ax, ay, and az variables with the most current data.
    imu.readAccel();
    // If you want to print calculated values, you can use the
    // calcAccel helper function to convert a raw ADC value to
    // g's. Give the function the value that you want to convert.
    fAccelX = imu.calcAccel(imu.ax);
    fAccelY = imu.calcAccel(imu.ay);
    fAccelZ = imu.calcAccel(imu.az);

    // bleKeyboard
    // Accel
    sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fAccelX)  + "|" + String(fAccelY) 
    + "|" + String(fAccelZ) + "|";
    
  }
  
}
// Mag
void isMag(){

  // Update the sensor values whenever new data is available
  if ( imu.magAvailable() )
  {
    
    // To read from the magnetometer, first call the
    // readMag() function. When it exits, it'll update the
    // mx, my, and mz variables with the most current data.
    imu.readMag();
    // If you want to print calculated values, you can use the
    // calcMag helper function to convert a raw ADC value to
    // Gauss. Give the function the value that you want to convert.
    fMagX = imu.calcMag(imu.mx);
    fMagY = imu.calcMag(imu.my);
    fMagZ = imu.calcMag(imu.mz);

    // bleKeyboard
    // Mag
    sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fMagX)  + "|" + String(fMagY) 
    + "|" + String(fMagZ) + "|";
    
  }
  
}
// Attitude
void isAttitude(){

  // Attitude
  // Roll
  fRoll = atan2(fAccelY, fAccelZ);
  // Pitch
  fPitch = atan2(-fAccelX, sqrt(fAccelY * fAccelY + fAccelZ * fAccelZ)); 
  // Heading
  if (fMagY == 0) {
    fHeading = (fMagX < 0) ? PI : 0;
  }
  else {
    fHeading = atan2(fMagX, fMagY);
  }

  fHeading -= DECLINATION * PI / 180;

  if (fHeading > PI) fHeading -= (2 * PI);
  else if (fHeading < -PI) fHeading += (2 * PI);

  // Convert everything from radians to degrees:
  fHeading *= 180.0 / PI;
  fPitch *= 180.0 / PI;
  fRoll  *= 180.0 / PI;

  // bleKeyboard
  // Attitude
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(fHeading)  + "|" + String(fPitch) 
  + "|" + String(fRoll) + "|*";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // bleKeyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) 
  + "|" + String(timeRTC) + "|";

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Bluetooth LE keyboard
  bleKeyboard.begin();
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // GPS Receiver
  // Setup GPS
  setupGPS();

  // LSM9DS1 9DOF Sensor
  imu.begin();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Teacher, Instructor, E-Mentor, R&D and Consulting

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Arm, Silicon Labs, Espressif, Etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Automation
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • RTOS
  • eHealth Sensors, Biosensor, and Biometric
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Consulting

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – GPS Receiver GP-20U7 – Mk10

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #GPSReceiver #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

GPS Receiver GP-20U7

——

GPS Receiver GP-20U7

——

GPS Receiver GP-20U7

——

GPS Receiver – GP-20U7

The GP-20U7 is a compact GPS receiver with a built-in high performances All-In-One GPS chipset. The GP-20U7 accurately provides position, velocity, and time readings as well possessing high sensitivity and tracking capabilities. Thanks to the low power consumption this receiver requires, the GP-20U7 is ideal for portable applications such as tablet PCs, smart phones, and other devices requiring positioning capability. This 56-Channel GPS module, that supports a standard NMEA-0183 and uBlox 7 protocol, has low power consumption of 40mA@3.3V (max), an antenna on board, and -162dBm tracking sensitivity. With 56 channels in search mode and 22 channels “All-In-View” tracking, the GP-20U7 is quite the work horse for its size.

DL2309Mk04

1 x Fio v3 – ATmega32U4
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x GPS Receiver – GP-20U7 (56 Channel)
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Fio v3 – ATmega32U4

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 2
SCL – Digital 3
SW1 – Digital 6
GPT – Digital 7
GPR – Digital 9
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

——

DL2309Mk04p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - GPS Receiver GP-20U7 - Mk10
28-10
DL2309Mk04p.ino
1 x Fio v3 - ATmega32U4
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x GPS Receiver - GP-20U7 (56 Channel)
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
1 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Keyboard
#include <Keyboard.h>
// GPS Receiver
#include <TinyGPS++.h>
// Software Serial
#include <SoftwareSerial.h>

// Keyboard
String sKeyboard = "";

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// GPS Receiver
#define gpsRXPIN 9
// This one is unused and doesnt have a conection
#define gpsTXPIN 7
// The TinyGPS++ object
TinyGPSPlus gps;
// Latitude
float TargetLat;
// Longitude
float TargetLon;
// GPS Date, Time
// GPS Date
String TargetDat;
// GPS Time
String TargetTim;
// GPS Status
String GPSSt = "";

// The serial connection to the GPS device
SoftwareSerial tGPS(gpsRXPIN, gpsTXPIN);

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 6;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-10";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // isGPS
  isGPS();

  // GPS Keyboard
  isGPSKeyboard();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

     Keyboard.println(sKeyboard);
    
  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getGPS.ino

// GPS Receiver
// Setup GPS
void setupGPS() {

  // Setup GPS
  tGPS.begin( 9600 );

}
// isGPS
void isGPS(){

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  // This sketch displays information every time a new sentence is correctly encoded
  while ( tGPS.available() > 0)
    
    if (gps.encode( tGPS.read() ))
    {
     
       // GPS Vector Pointer Target
       displayInfo();

       // GPS Date, Time
       displayDTS();

    }
 
  if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10)
  {
   
     while(true);
    
  }

}
// GPS Vector Pointer Target
void displayInfo(){

  // Location
  if (gps.location.isValid())
  {
    
     // Latitude
     TargetLat = gps.location.lat();
     // Longitude
     TargetLon = gps.location.lng();
     // GPS Status 2
     GPSSt = "Yes";
    
  }
  else
  {

     // GPS Status 0
     GPSSt = "No";
     TargetLat = 0;
     TargetLon = 0;
    
  }

  

}
// GPS Date, Time
void displayDTS(){

  // Date
  TargetDat = ""; 
  if (gps.date.isValid())
  {
    
     // Date
     // Year
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.year(), DEC);
     TargetDat += "/";
     // Month
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.month(), DEC);
     TargetDat += "/";
     // Day
     TargetDat += String(gps.date.day(), DEC);
    
  }

  // Time
  TargetTim = "";
  if (gps.time.isValid())
  {
    
     // Time
     // Hour
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.hour(), DEC);
     TargetTim += ":";
     // Minute
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.minute(), DEC);
     TargetTim += ":";
     // Secound
     TargetTim += String(gps.time.second(), DEC);
    
  }

}
// GPS Keyboard
void isGPSKeyboard(){

  // GPS Keyboard
  // Keyboard
  // GPS Vector Pointer Target
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + GPSSt + "|" + String(TargetLat) 
  + "|" + String(TargetLon) + "|";

  // Keyboard
  // GPS Date, Time
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + TargetDat + "|" + 
  TargetTim + "|*";

}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) + "|" + 
  String(timeRTC) + "|";
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Initialize control over the keyboard:
  Keyboard.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // GPS Receiver
  // Setup GPS
  setupGPS();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor, E-Mentor, STEAM, and Arts-Based Training

  • Programming Language
  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280 – Mk09

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #CCS811 #BME280 #TSOP85 #TMP102 #LineSensor #AlcoholGasSensor #MinIMU9 #Pololu #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280

——

SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280

——

SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280

——

SparkFun Environmental Combo – CCS811/BME280

The SparkFun CCS811/BME280 Environmental Combo Breakout takes care of all your atmospheric-quality sensing needs with the popular CCS811 and BME280 ICs. This unique breakout provides a variety of environmental data, including barometric pressure, humidity, temperature, TVOCs and equivalent eCO2 levels.

The CCS811 is an exceedingly popular sensor, providing readings for equivalent eCO2 in the parts per million (PPM) and total volatile organic compounds in the parts per billion (PPB). The CCS811 also has a feature that allows it to fine-tune its readings if it has access to the current humidity and temperature. Luckily for us, the BME280 provides humidity, temperature and barometric pressure. This allows the sensors to work together to give us more accurate readings than they’d be able to provide on their own. We also made it easy to interface with them via I2C.

DL2309Mk03

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor – QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor – TMP102
1 x SparkFun IR Receiver – TSOP85
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo – CCS811/BME280
1 x LED Red
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 20
SCL – Digital 21
IRR – Digital 11
LER – Digital 3
SW1 – Digital 2
MQ3 – Analog 0
LSB – Analog 1
ALE = Analog 3
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2309Mk03p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - SparkFun Environmental Combo CCS811/BME280 - Mk09
28-09
DL2309Mk03p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor - TMP102
1 x SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo - CCS811/BME280
1 x LED Red
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Keyboard
#include <Keyboard.h>
// Includes and variables for IMU integration
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
#include <LSM6.h>
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
#include <LIS3MDL.h>
// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
#include <SparkFunTMP102.h>
// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
#include <IRremote.h>
// SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude
#include <SparkFunBME280.h>
// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
#include <SparkFunCCS811.h>

// Keyboard
String sKeyboard = "";

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// Pololu 9DoF IMU
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
LSM6 imu;
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Accelerometer
int imuAX;
int imuAY;
int imuAZ;
// Gyroscopes 
int imuGX;
int imuGY;
int imuGZ;
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
LIS3MDL mag;
// Magnetometer
int magX;
int magY;
int magZ;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A0;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113 (Analog)
int iLine = A1;
int iLineSensor = 0;

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
const int ALERT_PIN = A3;
TMP102 sensor0;
float temperature;
boolean alertPinState;
boolean alertRegisterState;

// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
int RECV_PIN = 11;
IRrecv irrecv(RECV_PIN);
decode_results results;
String IRValue = "";
int iLEDRed = 3;

// SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude
BME280 myBME280;
float BMEtempC = 0;
float BMEhumid = 0;
float BMEpressure = 0;
float BMEaltitudeM = 0;

// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// Default I2C Address
#define CCS811_ADDR 0x5B 
CCS811 myCCS811(CCS811_ADDR);
float CCS811CO2 = 0;
float CCS811TVOC = 0;

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 2;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-09";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // Pololu Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  isIMU();

  // Pololu Magnetometer
  isMag();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // SparkFun Line Sensor
  isLineSensor();

  // SparkFun Temperature TMP102
  isTMP102();

  // SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
  isIR();

  // SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude
  isBME280();

  // SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  isCCS811();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

     Keyboard.println(sKeyboard);
    
  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getAccelGyro.ino

// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Setup IMU
void setupIMU() {

  // Setup IMU
  imu.init();
  // Default
  imu.enableDefault();
  
}
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
void isIMU() {

  // Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  imu.read();
  // Accelerometer x, y, z
  imuAX = imu.a.x;
  imuAY = imu.a.y;
  imuAZ = imu.a.z;
  // Gyroscopes x, y, z
  imuGX = imu.g.x;
  imuGY = imu.g.y;
  imuGZ = imu.g.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuAX) + "|" + String(imuAY) + "|"
  + String(imuAZ) + "|";
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuGX) + "|" + String(imuGY) + "|"
  + String(imuGZ) + "|";
  
}

getBME280.ino

// SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude
// isBME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude
void isBME280(){

  // Temperature Celsius
  BMEtempC = myBME280.readTempC();
  // Humidity
  BMEhumid = myBME280.readFloatHumidity();
  // Barometric Pressure
  BMEpressure = myBME280.readFloatPressure();
  // Altitude Meters
  BMEaltitudeM = (myBME280.readFloatAltitudeMeters(), 2);

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(BMEtempC) + "|" + String(BMEhumid) + "|" +
  String(BMEpressure) + "|" + String(BMEaltitudeM) + "|";

}

getCCS811.ino

// CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// isCCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isCCS811(){

  // This sends the temperature & humidity data to the CCS811
  myCCS811.setEnvironmentalData(BMEhumid, BMEtempC);

  // Calling this function updates the global tVOC and eCO2 variables
  myCCS811.readAlgorithmResults();

  // eCO2 Concentration
  CCS811CO2 = myCCS811.getCO2();
  
  // tVOC Concentration
  CCS811TVOC = myCCS811.getTVOC();

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(CCS811CO2) + "|" + String(CCS811TVOC) + "|*";

}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw );

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iMQ3ppm) + "|";

}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue;
  // % BAC = breath mg/L * 0.21
  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getIMUMagnetometer.ino

// IMU Magnetometer
// Setup Magnetometer
void setupMag() {

  // Setup Magnetometer
  mag.init();
  // Default
  mag.enableDefault();
  
}
// Magnetometer
void isMag() {

  // Magnetometer
  mag.read();
  // Magnetometer x, y, z
  magX = mag.m.x;
  magY = mag.m.y;
  magZ = mag.m.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(magX) + "|" + String(magY) + "|" 
  + String(magZ) + "|";
  
}

getIRRemote.ino

// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
// Setup
void isSetupIR(){

  // Initialize digital pin LED Red as an output
  pinMode(iLEDRed, OUTPUT);
  
  // Start the receiver
  irrecv.enableIRIn();
  
}
//
void isIR(){

  if (irrecv.decode(&results))
  {
    
    // LED Red HIGH
    digitalWrite(iLEDRed, HIGH);
    
    //Serial.print("IR RECV Code = 0x ");
    //Serial.println(results.value, HEX);

    IRValue = "0x ";
    IRValue = IRValue + String(results.value, HEX);

    // LED Red LOW
    digitalWrite(iLEDRed, LOW);

    // IR Resume
    irrecv.resume();
    
  }
  else {

    IRValue = "0";
    
  }

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(IRValue) + "|";
  
}

getLineSensor.ino

// Line Sensor
// isLine Sensor
void isLineSensor(){

  // Line Sensor
  iLineSensor = analogRead(iLine);

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iLineSensor) + "|";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) + "|" + 
  String(timeRTC) + "|";
  
}

getTempTMP102.ino

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
// Setup TMP102
void isSetupTMP102(){

  // Declare alertPin as an input
  pinMode(ALERT_PIN,INPUT);
  
  // Begin
  //It will return true on success or false on failure to communicate
  if(!sensor0.begin())
  {
    
    while(1);
    
  }
  
  // set the Conversion Rate
  //0-3: 0:0.25Hz, 1:1Hz, 2:4Hz, 3:8Hz
  sensor0.setConversionRate(2);
  
  //set Extended Mode.
  //0:12-bit Temperature(-55C to +128C) 1:13-bit Temperature(-55C to +150C)
  sensor0.setExtendedMode(0);
  
  // Set T_HIGH, the upper limit to trigger the alert on
  // Set T_HIGH in C
  sensor0.setHighTempC(29.4);
  
  // Set T_LOW, the lower limit to shut turn off the alert
  // set T_LOW in C
  sensor0.setLowTempC(27.67);

}
// is TMP102
void isTMP102(){

  // Turn sensor on to start temperature measurement.
  // Current consumtion typically ~10uA.
  sensor0.wakeup();

  // read temperature data C
  temperature = sensor0.readTempC();

  // Check for Alert
  // Read the Alert from pin
  alertPinState = digitalRead(ALERT_PIN);
  
  // Read the Alert from register
  alertRegisterState = sensor0.alert();
  
  // Place sensor in sleep mode to save power.
  // Current consumtion typically <0.5uA.
  sensor0.sleep();

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(temperature) + "|" + 
  String(alertPinState) + "|" + String(alertRegisterState) + "|";

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Initialize control over the keyboard:
  Keyboard.begin();

  // Pololu Setup IMU
  setupIMU();

  // Pololu Setup Magnetometer
  setupMag();

  // Setup TMP102
  isSetupTMP102();

  // SetupTSOP85
  isSetupIR();

  // SparkFun BME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Barometric Pressure, and Altitude 
  myBME280.begin();

  // CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  myCCS811.begin();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor, E-Mentor, STEAM, and Arts-Based Training

  • Programming Language
  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – SparkFun IR Receiver TSOP85 – Mk08

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #TMP102 #LineSensor #AlcoholGasSensor #MinIMU9 #Pololu #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

SparkFun IR Receiver TSOP85

——

SparkFun IR Receiver TSOP85

——

SparkFun IR Receiver TSOP85

——

SparkFun IR Receiver – TSOP85

This is a very small infrared receiver based on the TSOP85 receiver from Vishay. This receiver has all the filtering and 38kHz demodulation built into the unit. Simply point a IR remote at the receiver, hit a button, and you’ll see a stream of 1s and 0s out of the data pin.

DL2309Mk02

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor – QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor – TMP102
1 x SparkFun IR Receiver – TSOP85
1 x LED Red
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 20
SCL – Digital 21
IRR – Digital 11
LER – Digital 3
SW1 – Digital 2
MQ3 – Analog 0
LSB – Analog 1
ALE = Analog 3
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2309Mk02p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - SparkFun IR Receiver TSOP85 - Mk08
28-08
DL2309Mk02p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor - TMP102
1 x SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
1 x LED Red
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Keyboard
#include <Keyboard.h>
// Includes and variables for IMU integration
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
#include <LSM6.h>
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
#include <LIS3MDL.h>
// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
#include <SparkFunTMP102.h>
// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
#include <IRremote.h>

// Keyboard
String sKeyboard = "";

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// Pololu 9DoF IMU
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
LSM6 imu;
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Accelerometer
int imuAX;
int imuAY;
int imuAZ;
// Gyroscopes 
int imuGX;
int imuGY;
int imuGZ;
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
LIS3MDL mag;
// Magnetometer
int magX;
int magY;
int magZ;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A0;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113 (Analog)
int iLine = A1;
int iLineSensor = 0;

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
const int ALERT_PIN = A3;
TMP102 sensor0;
float temperature;
boolean alertPinState;
boolean alertRegisterState;

// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
int RECV_PIN = 11;
IRrecv irrecv(RECV_PIN);
decode_results results;
String IRValue = "";
int iLEDRed = 3;

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 2;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-08";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // Pololu Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  isIMU();

  // Pololu Magnetometer
  isMag();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // SparkFun Line Sensor
  isLineSensor();

  // SparkFun Temperature TMP102
  isTMP102();

  // SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
  isIR();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

     Keyboard.println(sKeyboard);
    
  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getAccelGyro.ino

// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Setup IMU
void setupIMU() {

  // Setup IMU
  imu.init();
  // Default
  imu.enableDefault();
  
}
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
void isIMU() {

  // Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  imu.read();
  // Accelerometer x, y, z
  imuAX = imu.a.x;
  imuAY = imu.a.y;
  imuAZ = imu.a.z;
  // Gyroscopes x, y, z
  imuGX = imu.g.x;
  imuGY = imu.g.y;
  imuGZ = imu.g.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuAX) + "|" + String(imuAY) + "|"
  + String(imuAZ) + "|";
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuGX) + "|" + String(imuGY) + "|"
  + String(imuGZ) + "|";
  
}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw );

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iMQ3ppm) + "|";

}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue;
  // % BAC = breath mg/L * 0.21
  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getIMUMagnetometer.ino

// IMU Magnetometer
// Setup Magnetometer
void setupMag() {

  // Setup Magnetometer
  mag.init();
  // Default
  mag.enableDefault();
  
}
// Magnetometer
void isMag() {

  // Magnetometer
  mag.read();
  // Magnetometer x, y, z
  magX = mag.m.x;
  magY = mag.m.y;
  magZ = mag.m.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(magX) + "|" + String(magY) + "|" 
  + String(magZ) + "|";
  
}

getIRRemote.ino

// SparkFun IR Receiver - TSOP85
// Setup
void isSetupIR(){

  // Initialize digital pin LED Red as an output
  pinMode(iLEDRed, OUTPUT);
  
  // Start the receiver
  irrecv.enableIRIn();
  
}
//
void isIR(){

  if (irrecv.decode(&results))
  {
    
    // LED Red HIGH
    digitalWrite(iLEDRed, HIGH);
    
    //Serial.print("IR RECV Code = 0x ");
    //Serial.println(results.value, HEX);

    IRValue = "0x ";
    IRValue = IRValue + String(results.value, HEX);

    // LED Red LOW
    digitalWrite(iLEDRed, LOW);

    // IR Resume
    irrecv.resume();
    
  }
  else {

    IRValue = "0";
    
  }

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(IRValue) + "|*";
  
}

getLineSensor.ino

// Line Sensor
// isLine Sensor
void isLineSensor(){

  // Line Sensor
  iLineSensor = analogRead(iLine);

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iLineSensor) + "|";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) + "|" + 
  String(timeRTC) + "|";
  
}

getTempTMP102.ino

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
// Setup TMP102
void isSetupTMP102(){

  // Declare alertPin as an input
  pinMode(ALERT_PIN,INPUT);
  
  // Begin
  //It will return true on success or false on failure to communicate
  if(!sensor0.begin())
  {
    
    while(1);
    
  }
  
  // set the Conversion Rate
  //0-3: 0:0.25Hz, 1:1Hz, 2:4Hz, 3:8Hz
  sensor0.setConversionRate(2);
  
  //set Extended Mode.
  //0:12-bit Temperature(-55C to +128C) 1:13-bit Temperature(-55C to +150C)
  sensor0.setExtendedMode(0);
  
  // Set T_HIGH, the upper limit to trigger the alert on
  // Set T_HIGH in C
  sensor0.setHighTempC(29.4);
  
  // Set T_LOW, the lower limit to shut turn off the alert
  // set T_LOW in C
  sensor0.setLowTempC(27.67);

}
// is TMP102
void isTMP102(){

  // Turn sensor on to start temperature measurement.
  // Current consumtion typically ~10uA.
  sensor0.wakeup();

  // read temperature data C
  temperature = sensor0.readTempC();

  // Check for Alert
  // Read the Alert from pin
  alertPinState = digitalRead(ALERT_PIN);
  
  // Read the Alert from register
  alertRegisterState = sensor0.alert();
  
  // Place sensor in sleep mode to save power.
  // Current consumtion typically <0.5uA.
  sensor0.sleep();

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(temperature) + "|" + 
  String(alertPinState) + "|" + String(alertRegisterState) + "|";

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Initialize control over the keyboard:
  Keyboard.begin();

  // Pololu Setup IMU
  setupIMU();

  // Pololu Setup Magnetometer
  setupMag();

  // Setup TMP102
  isSetupTMP102();

  // SetupTSOP85
  isSetupIR();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor, E-Mentor, STEAM, and Arts-Based Training

  • Programming Language
  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102 – Mk07

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #TMP102 #LineSensor #AlcoholGasSensor #MinIMU9 #Pololu #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102

——

Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102

——

Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102

——

SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor – TMP102

The TMP102 is an easy-to-use digital temperature sensor from Texas Instruments. The TMP102 breakout allows you to easily incorporate the digital temperature sensor into your project. While some temperature sensors use an analog voltage to represent the temperature, the TMP102 uses the I2C bus of the Arduino to communicate the temperature. Needless to say, this is a very handy sensor that doesn’t require much setup.

The TMP102 is capable of reading temperatures to a resolution of 0.0625°C, and is accurate up to 0.5°C. The breakout has built-in 4.7k Ohm pull-up resistors for I2C communications and runs from 1.4V to 3.6V. I2C communication uses an open drain signaling, so there is no need to use level shifting.

DL2309Mk01

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor – QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor – TMP102
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 20
SCL – Digital 21
SW1 – Digital 2
MQ3 – Analog 0
LSB – Analog 1
ALE = Analog 3
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2309Mk01p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102 - Mk07
28-07
DL2309Mk01p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113
1 x SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor - TMP102
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Keyboard
#include <Keyboard.h>
// Includes and variables for IMU integration
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
#include <LSM6.h>
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
#include <LIS3MDL.h>
// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
#include <SparkFunTMP102.h>

// Keyboard
String sKeyboard = "";

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// Pololu 9DoF IMU
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
LSM6 imu;
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Accelerometer
int imuAX;
int imuAY;
int imuAZ;
// Gyroscopes 
int imuGX;
int imuGY;
int imuGZ;
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
LIS3MDL mag;
// Magnetometer
int magX;
int magY;
int magZ;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A0;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113 (Analog)
int iLine = A1;
int iLineSensor = 0;

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
const int ALERT_PIN = A3;
TMP102 sensor0;
float temperature;
boolean alertPinState;
boolean alertRegisterState;

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 2;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-07";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // Pololu Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  isIMU();

  // Pololu Magnetometer
  isMag();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // SparkFun Line Sensor
  isLineSensor();

  // SparkFun Temperature TMP102
  isTMP102();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

     Keyboard.println(sKeyboard);
    
  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getAccelGyro.ino

// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Setup IMU
void setupIMU() {

  // Setup IMU
  imu.init();
  // Default
  imu.enableDefault();
  
}
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
void isIMU() {

  // Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  imu.read();
  // Accelerometer x, y, z
  imuAX = imu.a.x;
  imuAY = imu.a.y;
  imuAZ = imu.a.z;
  // Gyroscopes x, y, z
  imuGX = imu.g.x;
  imuGY = imu.g.y;
  imuGZ = imu.g.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuAX) + "|" + String(imuAY) + "|"
  + String(imuAZ) + "|";
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuGX) + "|" + String(imuGY) + "|"
  + String(imuGZ) + "|";
  
}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw );

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iMQ3ppm) + "|";

}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue;
  // % BAC = breath mg/L * 0.21
  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getIMUMagnetometer.ino

// IMU Magnetometer
// Setup Magnetometer
void setupMag() {

  // Setup Magnetometer
  mag.init();
  // Default
  mag.enableDefault();
  
}
// Magnetometer
void isMag() {

  // Magnetometer
  mag.read();
  // Magnetometer x, y, z
  magX = mag.m.x;
  magY = mag.m.y;
  magZ = mag.m.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(magX) + "|" + String(magY) + "|" 
  + String(magZ) + "|";
  
}

getLineSensor.ino

// Line Sensor
// isLine Sensor
void isLineSensor(){

  // Line Sensor
  iLineSensor = analogRead(iLine);

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iLineSensor) + "|";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) + "|" + 
  String(timeRTC) + "|";
  
}

getTempTMP102.ino

// SparkFun Digital Temperature Sensor TMP102
// Setup TMP102
void isSetupTMP102(){

  // Declare alertPin as an input
  pinMode(ALERT_PIN,INPUT);
  
  // Begin
  //It will return true on success or false on failure to communicate
  if(!sensor0.begin())
  {
    
    while(1);
    
  }
  
  // set the Conversion Rate
  //0-3: 0:0.25Hz, 1:1Hz, 2:4Hz, 3:8Hz
  sensor0.setConversionRate(2);
  
  //set Extended Mode.
  //0:12-bit Temperature(-55C to +128C) 1:13-bit Temperature(-55C to +150C)
  sensor0.setExtendedMode(0);
  
  // Set T_HIGH, the upper limit to trigger the alert on
  // Set T_HIGH in C
  sensor0.setHighTempC(29.4);
  
  // Set T_LOW, the lower limit to shut turn off the alert
  // set T_LOW in C
  sensor0.setLowTempC(27.67);

}
// is TMP102
void isTMP102(){

  // Turn sensor on to start temperature measurement.
  // Current consumtion typically ~10uA.
  sensor0.wakeup();

  // read temperature data C
  temperature = sensor0.readTempC();

  // Check for Alert
  // Read the Alert from pin
  alertPinState = digitalRead(ALERT_PIN);
  
  // Read the Alert from register
  alertRegisterState = sensor0.alert();
  
  // Place sensor in sleep mode to save power.
  // Current consumtion typically <0.5uA.
  sensor0.sleep();

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(temperature) + "|" + 
  String(alertPinState) + "|" + String(alertRegisterState) + "|*";

}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Initialize control over the keyboard:
  Keyboard.begin();

  // Pololu Setup IMU
  setupIMU();

  // Pololu Setup Magnetometer
  setupMag();

  // Setup TMP102
  isSetupTMP102();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor, E-Mentor, STEAM, and Arts-Based Training

  • Programming Language
  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #28 – Sensors – SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113 – Mk06

——

#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Sensors #LineSensor #AlcoholGasSensor #MinIMU9 #Pololu #Adafruit #SparkFun #Arduino #Project #Fritzing #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

——

SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113

——

SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113

——

SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113

——

SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113 (Analog)

This version of the QRE1113 breakout board features an easy-to-use analog output, which will vary depending on the amount of IR light reflected back to the sensor. This tiny board is perfect for line sensing applications and can be used in both 3.3V and 5V systems.

The board’s QRE1113 IR reflectance sensor is comprised of two parts – an IR emitting LED and an IR sensitive phototransistor. When you apply power to the VCC and GND pins the IR LED inside the sensor will illuminate. A 100 Ohm resistor is on-board and placed in series with the LED to limit current. A 10k Ohm resistor pulls the output pin high, but when the light from the LED is reflected back onto the phototransistor the output will begin to go lower. The more IR light sensed by the phototransistor, the lower the output voltage of the breakout board.

These sensors are widely used in line following robots, white surfaces reflect much more light than black, so, when directed towards a white surface, the voltage output will be lower than that on a black surface.

DL2308Mk07

1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor – QRE1113
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit METRO M0 Express

LED – LED_BUILTIN
SDA – Digital 20
SCL – Digital 21
SW1 – Digital 2
MQ3 – Analog 0
LSB – Analog 1
VIN – +3.3V
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

——

DL2308Mk07p.ino

/****** Don Luc Electronics © ******
Software Version Information
Project #28 - Sensors - SparkFun Line Sensor QRE1113 - Mk06
28-06
DL2308Mk07p.ino
1 x Adafruit METRO M0 Express
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x Pololu MinIMU-9 v5 Gyro, Accelerometer, and Compass
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
1 x SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST
2 x Resistor 10K Ohm
1 x CR1220 3V Lithium Coin Cell Battery
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
// Two Wire Interface (TWI/I2C)
#include <Wire.h>
// Keyboard
#include <Keyboard.h>
// Includes and variables for IMU integration
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
#include <LSM6.h>
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
#include <LIS3MDL.h>

// Keyboard
String sKeyboard = "";

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// Pololu 9DoF IMU
// STMicroelectronics LSM6DS33 Gyroscope and Accelerometer
LSM6 imu;
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Accelerometer
int imuAX;
int imuAY;
int imuAZ;
// Gyroscopes 
int imuGX;
int imuGY;
int imuGZ;
// STMicroelectronics LIS3MDL Magnetometer
LIS3MDL mag;
// Magnetometer
int magX;
int magY;
int magZ;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A0;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// SparkFun Line Sensor - QRE1113 (Analog)
int iLine = A1;
int iLineSensor = 0;

// The number of the Rocker Switch pin
int iSwitch = 2;
// Variable for reading the button status
int SwitchState = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "28-06";

void loop() {

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC ();

  // Pololu Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  isIMU();

  // Pololu Magnetometer
  isMag();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // SparkFun Line Sensor
  isLineSensor();

  // Read the state of the Switch value:
  SwitchState = digitalRead(iSwitch);

  // Check if the button is pressed. If it is, the SwitchState is HIGH:
  if (SwitchState == HIGH) {

     Keyboard.println(sKeyboard);
    
  }

  // Delay 1 Second
  delay(1000);

}

getAccelGyro.ino

// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
// Setup IMU
void setupIMU() {

  // Setup IMU
  imu.init();
  // Default
  imu.enableDefault();
  
}
// Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
void isIMU() {

  // Accelerometer and Gyroscopes
  imu.read();
  // Accelerometer x, y, z
  imuAX = imu.a.x;
  imuAY = imu.a.y;
  imuAZ = imu.a.z;
  // Gyroscopes x, y, z
  imuGX = imu.g.x;
  imuGY = imu.g.y;
  imuGZ = imu.g.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuAX) + "|" + String(imuAY) + "|"
  + String(imuAZ) + "|";
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(imuGX) + "|" + String(imuGY) + "|"
  + String(imuGZ) + "|";
  
}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw );

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iMQ3ppm) + "|";

}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue;
  // % BAC = breath mg/L * 0.21
  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getIMUMagnetometer.ino

// IMU Magnetometer
// Setup Magnetometer
void setupMag() {

  // Setup Magnetometer
  mag.init();
  // Default
  mag.enableDefault();
  
}
// Magnetometer
void isMag() {

  // Magnetometer
  mag.read();
  // Magnetometer x, y, z
  magX = mag.m.x;
  magY = mag.m.y;
  magZ = mag.m.z;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(magX) + "|" + String(magY) + "|" 
  + String(magZ) + "|";
  
}

getLineSensor.ino

// Line Sensor
// isLine Sensor
void isLineSensor(){

  // Line Sensor
  iLineSensor = analogRead(iLine);

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = sKeyboard + String(iLineSensor) + "|*";
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// DS3231 Precision RTC
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    //Serial.println("Couldn't find RTC");
    //Serial.flush();
    while (1) delay(10);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    //Serial.println("RTC lost power, let's set the time!");
    // When time needs to be set on a new device, or after a power loss, the
    // following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    //rtc.adjust(DateTime(2023, 8, 10, 11, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;

  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;

  // Keyboard
  sKeyboard = "SEN|" + sver + "|" + String(dateRTC) + "|" + 
  String(timeRTC) + "|";
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
  
  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);
  
  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // Give display time to power on
  delay(100);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Initialize control over the keyboard:
  Keyboard.begin();

  // Pololu Setup IMU
  setupIMU();

  // Pololu Setup Magnetometer
  setupMag();

  // Initialize the Switch pin as an input
  pinMode(iSwitch, INPUT);

  // Initialize digital pin LED_BUILTIN as an output
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
  // Turn the LED on HIGH
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);

  // Delay 5 Second
  delay( 5000 );

}

——

People can contact us: https://www.donluc.com/?page_id=1927

Technology Experience

  • Programming Language
  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • IoT
  • Wireless (Radio Frequency, Bluetooth, WiFi, Etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Camera and Video Capture Receiver Stationary, Wheel/Tank and Underwater Vehicle
  • Unmanned Vehicles Terrestrial and Marine
  • Machine Learning
  • RTOS
  • Research & Development (R & D)

Instructor, E-Mentor, STEAM, and Arts-Based Training

  • Programming Language
  • IoT
  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics

Follow Us

Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae – 2023
https://www.donluc.com/luc/

Web: https://www.donluc.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/@thesass2063
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

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