Project #16: Sound – Attack & Decay – Mk12

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#donluc #sound #simplekeyboard #synthesizer #mozzi #adsr #programming #arduino #fritzing #electronics #microcontrollers #consultant #vlog

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Attack & Decay

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Attack & Decay

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Attack & Decay

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Attack & Decay

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This assumes a conventional ADSR where the sustain continues at the same level as the decay, till the release ramps to 0. The most common kind of envelope generator has four stages: attack, decay, sustain, and release (ADSR). Set the attack and decay levels of the ADSR. Attack is the time taken for initial run-up of level from nil to peak, beginning when the key is pressed. Decay is the time taken for the subsequent run down from the attack level to the designated sustain level.

In the typical synthesizer, the Attack stage begins when a key is pressed. The Attack stage usually offers control of duration that is, the amount of time it takes to ascend to a high voltage level after the key is pressed. When used to modulate a VCA’s level, this allows for everything from very sudden, abrupt note onsets to slow swells that gradually fade in from nothingness. VCAs have many applications, including audio level compression, synthesizers and amplitude modulation.

After the Attack stage has reached its end, the highest point in the envelope’s cycle, the Decay stage commences. The Decay stage also offers definable duration: in this case, the amount of time it takes to fall from this high level. By using moderate Attack and Decay times and a relatively low, one can create sounds that begin with a swelled attack: a sound that increases in volume, decreases in volume, and then settles in at a low, continuous volume.

DL2011Mk06

1 x Arduino Pro Mini 328 – 5V/16MHz
8 x Tactile Button
2 x Potentiometer
2 x Knob
1 x Audio Jack 3.5mm
1 x SparkFun Audio Jack Breakout
1 x Speaker
8 x Wire Solid Core – 22 AWG
9 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
11 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
2 x Full-Size Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
1 x SparkFun FTDI Basic Breakout – 5V

Arduino Pro Mini 328 – 5V/16MHz

SPK – Digital 9
KY2 – Digital 2
KY3 – Digital 3
KY4 – Digital 4
KY5 – Digital 5
KY6 – Digital 6
KY7 – Digital 7
KY8 – Digital 8
KY9 – Digital 10
PO0 – Analog A0
PO1 – Analog A1
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

DL2011Mk06p.ino

// ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
// Software Version Information
// Project #16: Sound - Attack & Decay - Mk12
// 11-06
// DL2011Mk06p.ino 16-12
// 1 x Arduino Pro Mini 328 - 5V/16MHz
// 8 x Tactile Button
// 2 x Potentiometer
// 2 x Knob
// 1 x Audio Jack 3.5mm
// 1 x SparkFun Audio Jack Breakout
// 1 x Speaker
// 8 x Wire Solid Core - 22 AWG
// 9 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
// 11 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
// 2 x Full-Size Breadboard
// 1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
// 1 x SparkFun FTDI Basic Breakout - 5V

// Include the Library Code
// Pitches
#include "pitches.h"
// Mozzi
#include 
#include 
#include 
// Oscillator Tables used for output Waveshape
#include 

// Simple Keyboard
// Minimum reading of the button that generates a note
const int iKeyboard2 = 2;
const int iKeyboard3 = 3;
const int iKeyboard4 = 4;
const int iKeyboard5 = 5;
const int iKeyboard6 = 6;
const int iKeyboard7 = 7;
const int iKeyboard8 = 8;
const int iKeyboard9 = 10; 
// Button is pressed
int aa = 1;
int bb = 1;
int cc = 1;
int dd = 1;
int ee = 1;
int ff = 1;
int gg = 1;
int hh = 1;

// Frequency
int iFreg = 0;
int iNoteA = 0;
int iNoteB = 0;
int iNoteC = 0;
int iNoteD = 0;
int iNoteE = 0;
int iNoteF = 0;
int iNoteG = 0;
int iNoteAA = 0;

//Oscillator Functions declared for output envelope 1 
// Sine Wave
Oscil <2048, AUDIO_RATE> aSin1(SIN2048_DATA);

// ADSR declaration/definition
// Comment out to use default control rate of 64
#define CONTROL_RATE 128
ADSR  envelope1;

// Set the input for the potentiometer Attack to analog pin 0
const int potAttack = A0;
// Set the input for the potentiometer for Decay to analog pin 1
const int potDecay = A1;
// Attack
int attack_level = 0;
int iAttack = 0;
// Decay
int decay_level = 0;
int iDecay = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "16-12";

void loop() {

  // Audio Hook
  audioHook();

}

getKeyboard.ino

// getKeyboard
// setupKeyboard
void setupKeyboard() {

  // Initialize the pushbutton pin as an input
  pinMode(iKeyboard2, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard3, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard4, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard5, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard6, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard7, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard8, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(iKeyboard9, INPUT_PULLUP);
 
}
// isKeyboard
void isKeyboard() {

  // Choose envelope levels
  // attack_level
  iAttack = mozziAnalogRead( potAttack );
  attack_level = map( iAttack, 0, 1023, 0, 255);
  // decay_level
  iDecay = mozziAnalogRead( potDecay );
  decay_level = map( iDecay, 0, 1023, 0, 255);
  // set AD Levels
  envelope1.setADLevels(attack_level,decay_level);

  // Read the state of the pushbutton value
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard2) == LOW ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally
    aa = aa + 1;
    // ADSR declaration/definition
    envelope1.noteOn();
    aSin1.setFreq(iNoteA);
    
  }
  else
  {
    
    aa = aa - 1;
    
  }    

  // Read the state of the pushbutton value
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard3) == LOW ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally
    bb = bb + 1;
    // Waveform
    envelope1.noteOn();
    aSin1.setFreq(iNoteB);
    
  }
  else
  {
    
    bb = bb - 1;
    
  }

  // Read the state of the pushbutton value
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard4) == LOW ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally
    cc = cc + 1;
    // Waveform
    // ADSR declaration/definition
    envelope1.noteOn();
    aSin1.setFreq(iNoteC);
    
  }
  else
  {
    
    cc = cc - 1;
    
  }

  // Read the state of the pushbutton value
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard5) == LOW ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally
    dd = dd + 1;
    // ADSR declaration/definition
    envelope1.noteOn();
    aSin1.setFreq(iNoteD);
      
  }
  else
  {
    
    dd = dd - 1;
    
  }
  
  // Read the state of the pushbutton value
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard6) == LOW ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally
    ee = ee + 1;
    // ADSR declaration/definition
    envelope1.noteOn();
    aSin1.setFreq(iNoteE);    
  }
  else
  {
    
    ee = ee - 1;
    
  }

  // Read the state of the pushbutton value
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard7) == LOW ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally
    ff = ff + 1;
    // ADSR declaration/definition
    envelope1.noteOn();
    aSin1.setFreq(iNoteF);
        
  }
  else
  {
    
    ff = ff - 1;
    
  }

  // Read the state of the pushbutton value
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard8) == LOW ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally
    gg = gg + 1;
    // ADSR declaration/definition
    envelope1.noteOn();
    aSin1.setFreq(iNoteG);
        
  }
  else
  {
    
    gg = gg - 1;
    
  }

  // Read the state of the pushbutton value
  if ( digitalRead(iKeyboard9) == LOW ) {

    // Button is pressed - pullup keeps pin high normally
    hh = hh + 1;
    // ADSR declaration/definition
    envelope1.noteOn();
    aSin1.setFreq(iNoteAA);
        
  }
  else
  {
    
    hh = hh - 1;
    
  }

}

getMozzi.ino

// Mozzi
// Update Control
void updateControl(){

  // Frequency
  isPitches();
  
  // Keyboard
  isKeyboard();

}
// Update Audio 
int updateAudio(){

  // ADSR declaration/definition
  envelope1.update();
  // >>8 for AUDIO_MODE STANDARD
  return (int) (envelope1.next() * aSin1.next())>>8;
 
}

getPitches.ino

// Pitches
// isPitches
void isPitches(){
  
  // Frequency
  iFreg = 6;

  // Range Frequency Note Low => High
  switch ( iFreg ) {
    case 1:
      // NOTE A1
      iNoteA = NOTE_A1;
      iNoteB = NOTE_B1;
      iNoteC = NOTE_C2;
      iNoteD = NOTE_D2;
      iNoteE = NOTE_E2;
      iNoteF = NOTE_F2;
      iNoteG = NOTE_G2;
      iNoteAA = NOTE_A2;
      break;
    case 2:
      // NOTE A2
      iNoteA = NOTE_A2;
      iNoteB = NOTE_B2;
      iNoteC = NOTE_C3;
      iNoteD = NOTE_D3;
      iNoteE = NOTE_E3;
      iNoteF = NOTE_F3;
      iNoteG = NOTE_G3;
      iNoteAA = NOTE_A3;
      break;
    case 3:
      // NOTE A3
      iNoteA = NOTE_A3;
      iNoteB = NOTE_B3;
      iNoteC = NOTE_C4;
      iNoteD = NOTE_D4;
      iNoteE = NOTE_E4;
      iNoteF = NOTE_F4;
      iNoteG = NOTE_G4;
      iNoteAA = NOTE_A4;
      break;
    case 4:
      // NOTE A4
      iNoteA = NOTE_A4;
      iNoteB = NOTE_B4;
      iNoteC = NOTE_C5;
      iNoteD = NOTE_D5;
      iNoteE = NOTE_E5;
      iNoteF = NOTE_F5;
      iNoteG = NOTE_G5;
      iNoteAA = NOTE_A5;
      break;
    case 5:
      // NOTE A5
      iNoteA = NOTE_A5;
      iNoteB = NOTE_B5;
      iNoteC = NOTE_C6;
      iNoteD = NOTE_D6;
      iNoteE = NOTE_E6;
      iNoteF = NOTE_F6;
      iNoteG = NOTE_G6;
      iNoteAA = NOTE_A6;
      break;
    case 6:
      // NOTE A6
      iNoteA = NOTE_A6;
      iNoteB = NOTE_B6;
      iNoteC = NOTE_C7;
      iNoteD = NOTE_D7;
      iNoteE = NOTE_E7;
      iNoteF = NOTE_F7;
      iNoteG = NOTE_G7;
      iNoteAA = NOTE_A7;
      break;
  }
  
}

pitches.h

/*****************************************************************
 * Pitches NOTE_B0 <=> NOTE_DS8 - NOTE_A4 is "A" measured at 440Hz
 *****************************************************************/

#define NOTE_B0  31
#define NOTE_C1  33
#define NOTE_CS1 35
#define NOTE_D1  37
#define NOTE_DS1 39
#define NOTE_E1  41
#define NOTE_F1  44
#define NOTE_FS1 46
#define NOTE_G1  49
#define NOTE_GS1 52
#define NOTE_A1  55
#define NOTE_AS1 58
#define NOTE_B1  62
#define NOTE_C2  65
#define NOTE_CS2 69
#define NOTE_D2  73
#define NOTE_DS2 78
#define NOTE_E2  82
#define NOTE_F2  87
#define NOTE_FS2 93
#define NOTE_G2  98
#define NOTE_GS2 104
#define NOTE_A2  110
#define NOTE_AS2 117
#define NOTE_B2  123
#define NOTE_C3  131
#define NOTE_CS3 139
#define NOTE_D3  147
#define NOTE_DS3 156
#define NOTE_E3  165
#define NOTE_F3  175
#define NOTE_FS3 185
#define NOTE_G3  196
#define NOTE_GS3 208
#define NOTE_A3  220
#define NOTE_AS3 233
#define NOTE_B3  247
#define NOTE_C4  262
#define NOTE_CS4 277
#define NOTE_D4  294
#define NOTE_DS4 311
#define NOTE_E4  330
#define NOTE_F4  349
#define NOTE_FS4 370
#define NOTE_G4  392
#define NOTE_GS4 415
#define NOTE_A4  440
#define NOTE_AS4 466
#define NOTE_B4  494
#define NOTE_C5  523
#define NOTE_CS5 554
#define NOTE_D5  587
#define NOTE_DS5 622
#define NOTE_E5  659
#define NOTE_F5  698
#define NOTE_FS5 740
#define NOTE_G5  784
#define NOTE_GS5 831
#define NOTE_A5  880
#define NOTE_AS5 932
#define NOTE_B5  988
#define NOTE_C6  1047
#define NOTE_CS6 1109
#define NOTE_D6  1175
#define NOTE_DS6 1245
#define NOTE_E6  1319
#define NOTE_F6  1397
#define NOTE_FS6 1480
#define NOTE_G6  1568
#define NOTE_GS6 1661
#define NOTE_A6  1760
#define NOTE_AS6 1865
#define NOTE_B6  1976
#define NOTE_C7  2093
#define NOTE_CS7 2217
#define NOTE_D7  2349
#define NOTE_DS7 2489
#define NOTE_E7  2637
#define NOTE_F7  2794
#define NOTE_FS7 2960
#define NOTE_G7  3136
#define NOTE_GS7 3322
#define NOTE_A7  3520
#define NOTE_AS7 3729
#define NOTE_B7  3951
#define NOTE_C8  4186
#define NOTE_CS8 4435
#define NOTE_D8  4699
#define NOTE_DS8 4978

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // Setup Keyboard
  setupKeyboard();
  
  // Start Mozzi
  startMozzi( CONTROL_RATE );
  // Sets Attack and Decay Levels; assumes Sustain, Decay, and Idle times
  envelope1.setADLevels(200,200);
  // Sets Decay time in milliseconds
  envelope1.setDecayTime(100);
  // Sustain Time setting for envelope1
  envelope1.setSustainTime(32500); 

}

Sounds

http://www.donluc.com/DLE/sounds.html

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Desktop Applications (Windows, OSX, Linux, Multi-OS, Multi-Tier, etc…)
  • Mobile Applications (Android, iOS, Blackberry, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, etc…)
  • Web Applications (LAMP, Scripting, Java, ASP, ASP.NET, RoR, Wakanda, etc…)
  • Social Media Programming & Integration (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Pinterest, etc…)
  • Content Management Systems (WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, Moodle, etc…)
  • Bulletin Boards (phpBB, SMF, Vanilla, jobberBase, etc…)
  • eCommerce (WooCommerce, OSCommerce, ZenCart, PayPal Shopping Cart, etc…)

Instructor

  • PIC Microcontrollers
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics
  • DOS, Windows, OSX, Linux, iOS, Android, Multi-OS
  • Linux-Apache-PHP-MySQL

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae
http://www.donluc.com/DLE/LucPaquinCVEngMk2020a.pdf

Web: http://www.donluc.com/
Web: http://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Web: http://www.donluc.com/DLE/
Web: http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/
Web: https://www.hackster.io/neosteam-labs
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/neosteamlabs/

Don Luc

Project #16: Sound – Thumb Joystick – Mk10

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#donluc #sound #simplekeyboard #synthesizer #mozzi #programming #arduino #fritzing #electronics #microcontrollers #consultant #vlog

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Thumb Joystick

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Thumb Joystick

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Thumb Joystick

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Thumb Joystick

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Thumb Joystick

This is a joystick very similar to the analog joysticks on PS2 controllers. Directional movements are simply two potentiometers, one for each axis. Pots are 10k Ohm each. This joystick also has a select button that is actuated when the joystick is pressed down. This is the breakout board for the thumb joystick. Pins are broken out to a 0.1″ header and includes 4 mounting holes in the corners.

Mozzi

Mozzi synthesis wave packet double, selects 2 overlapping streams. In a wave packet is a short burst of localized wave action that travels as a unit. A wave packet can be synthesized from, an infinite set of component sinusoidal waves of different wavenumbers, with phases and amplitudes such that they interfere constructively only over a small region of space, and destructively elsewhere. Synthesizer and used a capacitor to store and slowly release voltage produced. He refined the design to remove the need to push a separate button one to produce the control voltage determining pitch and the other to trigger the envelope generator. The envelope generator became a standard feature of synthesizers.

Arduino

Joystick vertical potentiometer a fundamental, joystick horizontal potentiometer a bandwidth, potentiometer centre frequency and a select button that is actuated when the joystick is pressed down a random number.

DL2011Mk04

1 x Arduino Uno
1 x Thumb Joystick
1 x SparkFun Thumb Joystick Breakout
1 x Potentiometer
1 x Knob
1 x Audio Jack 3.5mm
1 x SparkFun Audio Jack Breakout
1 x Speaker
5 x Wire Solid Core – 22 AWG
3 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
4 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
1 x Half-Size Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Arduino Uno

SPK – Digital 9
JSV – Analog A0
JSH – Analog A1
PO2 – Analog A2
SEL – Digital 13
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

DL2011Mk04p.ino

// ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
// Software Version Information
// Project #16: Sound - Thumb Joystick - Mk10
// 11-04
// DL2011Mk04p.ino 16-10
// 1 x Arduino Uno
// 1 x Thumb Joystick
// 1 x SparkFun Thumb Joystick Breakout
// 1 x Potentiometer
// 1 x Knob
// 1 x Audio Jack 3.5mm
// 1 x SparkFun Audio Jack Breakout
// 1 x Speaker
// 5 x Wire Solid Core - 22 AWG
// 3 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
// 4 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
// 1 x Half-Size Breadboard
// 1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

// Include the Library Code
// Mozzi
#include 
#include 
#include 
#include 

// Store the Arduino pin associated with each axis X of the joystick input
// FUNDAMENTAL
const int JoystickVert = A0;
// Store the Arduino pin associated with each axis Y of the joystick input
// BANDWIDTH
const int JoystickHorz = A1;
// Set the input for the potentiometer for volume to analog pin 2
// CENTREFREQ
const char PotCENTREFREQ = A2;
// Select button is triggered when joystick is pressed
const int SEL = 13;
// Variables for reading the pushbutton status
int selState  = 0; 

// for smoothing the control signals
// use: RollingAverage  myThing
// FUNDAMENTAL
RollingAverage  kAverageF;
// BANDWIDTH
RollingAverage  kAverageBw;
// CENTREFREQ
RollingAverage  kAverageCf;

// Min and max values of synth parameters to map AutoRanged analog inputs to
// FUNDAMENTAL
const int MIN_F = 10;
const int MAX_F = 200;
// BANDWIDTH
const int MIN_BW = 10;
const int MAX_BW = 1000;
// CENTREFREQ
const int MIN_CF = 60;
const int MAX_CF = 2000;

// Auto Map
// FUNDAMENTAL
AutoMap kMapF(0,1023,MIN_F,MAX_F);
// BANDWIDTH
AutoMap kMapBw(0,1023,MIN_BW,MAX_BW);
// CENTREFREQ
AutoMap kMapCf(0,1023,MIN_CF,MAX_CF);

// Wave Packet
// DOUBLE selects 2 overlapping streams
WavePacket  wavey;

// Random Number
long randNumber;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "16-10";

void loop() {

  // Audio Hook
  audioHook();

}

getMozzi.ino

// Mozzi
// Update Control
void updateControl(){

  // Wavey
  // Fundamental
  int fundamental = mozziAnalogRead( JoystickVert )+1;
  fundamental = kMapF(fundamental);
  
  // Bandwidth
  int bandwidth = mozziAnalogRead( JoystickHorz );
  // Select button is triggered when joystick is pressed
  bandwidth = kMapBw(bandwidth);

  //Centre Frequency
  int centre_freq = mozziAnalogRead( PotCENTREFREQ );
  selState = digitalRead( SEL ); 
  if (selState == HIGH)
  {
    
    randNumber = random(300);
    centre_freq = randNumber;

  }
  centre_freq = kMapCf(centre_freq);
  
  // Wavey
  wavey.set(fundamental, bandwidth, centre_freq);

}
// Update Audio 
int updateAudio(){

  // >>8 for AUDIO_MODE STANDARD
  return wavey.next()>>8;
 
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // Select button is triggered when joystick is pressed
  pinMode(SEL, INPUT_PULLUP);
  // Start Mozzi
  startMozzi();

}

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (PIC, Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Desktop Applications (Windows, OSX, Linux, Multi-OS, Multi-Tier, etc…)
  • Mobile Applications (Android, iOS, Blackberry, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, etc…)
  • Web Applications (LAMP, Scripting, Java, ASP, ASP.NET, RoR, Wakanda, etc…)
  • Social Media Programming & Integration (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Pinterest, etc…)
  • Content Management Systems (WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, Moodle, etc…)
  • Bulletin Boards (phpBB, SMF, Vanilla, jobberBase, etc…)
  • eCommerce (WooCommerce, OSCommerce, ZenCart, PayPal Shopping Cart, etc…)

Instructor

  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics
  • DOS, Windows, OSX, Linux, iOS, Android, Multi-OS
  • Linux-Apache-PHP-MySQL

Follow Us

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae
http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/LucPaquinCVEngMk2020a.pdf

Web: http://www.donluc.com/
Web: http://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Web: http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/
Web: https://www.hackster.io/neosteam-labs
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/luc.paquin/

Don Luc

Project #14: Components – SparkFun Solderable Breadboard – Mk20

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#DonLuc #Electronics #Components #SolderableBreadboard #Microcontrollers #Environment #SparkFun #Consultant #Vlog #Aphasia

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Components

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Components

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SparkFun Solderable Breadboard

SparkFun Item: PRT-12070

This is the SparkFun Solderable Breadboard. A bare PCB that is the exact size as our regular breadboard with the same connections to pins and power rails. This board is especially useful for preserving a prototype or experiment you just created on a solderless breadboard by soldering all the pieces in place.

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Desktop Applications (Windows, OSX, Linux, Multi-OS, Multi-Tier, etc…)
  • Mobile Applications (Android, iOS, Blackberry, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, etc…)
  • Web Applications (LAMP, Scripting, Java, ASP, ASP.NET, RoR, Wakanda, etc…)
  • Social Media Programming & Integration (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Pinterest, etc…)
  • Content Management Systems (WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, Moodle, etc…)
  • Bulletin Boards (phpBB, SMF, Vanilla, jobberBase, etc…)
  • eCommerce (WooCommerce, OSCommerce, ZenCart, PayPal Shopping Cart, etc…)

Instructor

  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics
  • DOS, Windows, OSX, Linux, iOS, Android, Multi-OS
  • Linux-Apache-PHP-MySQL

Follow Us

The Alpha Geek

Why “The Alpha Geek”?

Aphasia

Don Luc Aphasia

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae
http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/LucPaquinCVEngMk2020a.pdf

Web: http://www.donluc.com/
Web: http://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Web: http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/
Web: https://www.hackster.io/neosteam-labs
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/luc.paquin/

Don Luc

Project #15: Environment – PIR Motion Sensor – Mk12

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#DonLuc #Environment #ESP32 #MQ #GPS #EMF #PIR #SparkFun #Adafruit #Pololu #Fritzing #Programming #Arduino #Consultant #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Vlog #Aphasia

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Environment

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Environment

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Environment

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PIR Motion Sensor (JST)

SparkFun Item: SEN-13285

This is a simple to use motion sensor. Power it up and wait 1-2 seconds for the sensor to get a snapshot of the still room. If anything moves after that period, the ‘alarm’ pin will go low. The alarm pin is an open collector meaning you will need a pull up resistor on the alarm pin. The open drain setup allows multiple motion sensors to be connected on a single input pin. If any of the motion sensors go off, the input pin will be pulled low.

We’ve finally updated the connector! Gone is the old “odd” connector, now you will find a common 3-pin JST! This makes the PIR Sensor much more accessible for whatever your project may need. Red = Power, White = Ground, and Black = Alarm.

DL2006Mk02

1 x SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM
1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo Breakout – CCS811/BME280
1 x Adafruit Adalogger FeatherWing – RTC + SD
1 x SparkFun GPS Receiver – GP-20U7
1 x CR1220 12mm Lithium Battery
1 x 32Gb microSD Card
1 x Mountable Slide Switch
1 x SparkFun Rotary Switch – 10 Position
1 x Black Knob
1 x Breadboard Solderable
4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor – MQ-8
1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor – MQ-9
1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor – MQ-7
1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x Telescopic Antenna SMA – 300 MHz to 1.1 GHz (ANT700)
1 x SMA Connector
1 x Humidity and Temperature Sensor – RHT03
1 x PIR Motion Sensor (JST)
1 x Qwiic Cable – 100mm
1 x LED Green
11 x 1K Ohm
1 x 4.7K Ohm
2 x 10K Ohm
1 x 20k Ohm
1 x 200k Ohm
1 x 3.3m Ohm
12 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
13 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
20 x Wire Solid Core – 22 AWG
2 x Full-Size Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
1 x DC Power Supply

SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM

LEG – Digital 21
SCK – Digital 13
MOS – Digital 12
SSD – Digital 27
SDA – Digital 23
SCL – Digital 22
SD1 – Digital 33
SC2 – Digital 5
MO2 – Digital 18
MI2 – Digital 19
SS1 – Digital 16
ROT – Analog A1
MH1 – Analog A0
MC1 – Analog A2
MC2 – Analog A3
MA1 – Analog A4
EMF – Analog A5
GPS – Digital 14
RHT – Digital 15
PIR – Digital 17
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

DL2006Mk02p.ino

// ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
// Software Version Information
// Project #15: Environment - PIR Motion Sensor (JST) - Mk12
// 06-02
// DL2006Mk02p.ino 15-12
// EEPROM with Unique ID
// 1 x SparkFun Thing Plus - ESP32 WROOM
// 1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
// 1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo Breakout - CCS811/BME280
// 1 x Adafruit Adalogger FeatherWing - RTC + SD
// 1 x SparkFun GPS Receiver - GP-20U7
// 1 x CR1220 12mm Lithium Battery
// 1 x 32Gb microSD Card
// 1 x Mountable Slide Switch
// 1 x SparkFun Rotary Switch - 10 Position
// 1 x Black Knob
// 1 x Breadboard Solderable
// 4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
// 1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
// 1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
// 1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
// 1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
// 1 x Telescopic Antenna SMA - 300 MHz to 1.1 GHz (ANT700)
// 1 x SMA Connector
// 1 x Humidity and Temperature Sensor - RHT03
// 1 x PIR Motion Sensor (JST)
// 1 x Qwiic Cable - 100mm
// 1 x LED Green
// 11 x 1K Ohm
// 1 x 4.7K Ohm
// 2 x 10K Ohm
// 1 x 20k Ohm
// 1 x 200k Ohm
// 1 x 3.3m Ohm
// 12 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
// 13 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
// 20 x Wire Solid Core - 22 AWG
// 2 x Full-Size Breadboard
// 1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
// 1 x DC Power Supply

// Include the Library Code
// EEPROM Library to Read and Write EEPROM with Unique ID for Unit
#include "EEPROM.h"
// Wire
#include <Wire.h>
// SHARP Memory Display
#include <Adafruit_SharpMem.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
#include <SparkFunCCS811.h>
// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
#include <SparkFunBME280.h>
// Date and Time
#include "RTClib.h"
// SD Card
#include "FS.h"
#include "SD.h"
#include "SPI.h"
// GPS Receiver
#include <TinyGPS++.h>
// Hardware Serial
#include <HardwareSerial.h>
// RHT Humidity and Temperature Sensor
#include <SparkFun_RHT03.h>

// LED Green
int iLEDGreen = 21;

// SHARP Memory Display
// any pins can be used
#define SHARP_SCK  13
#define SHARP_MOSI 12
#define SHARP_SS   27
// Set the size of the display here - 144x168
Adafruit_SharpMem display(SHARP_SCK, SHARP_MOSI, SHARP_SS, 144, 168);
// The currently-available SHARP Memory Display (144x168 pixels)
// requires > 4K of microcontroller RAM; it WILL NOT WORK on Arduino Uno
// or other <4K "classic" devices!
#define BLACK 0
#define WHITE 1
// 1/2 of lesser of display width or height
int minorHalfSize; 

// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// Default I2C Address
#define CCS811_ADDR 0x5B 
CCS811 myCCS811(CCS811_ADDR);
float CCS811CO2 = 0;
float CCS811TVOC = 0;

// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
BME280 myBME280;
float BMEtempC = 0;
float BMEhumid = 0;
float BMEaltitudeM = 0;
float BMEpressure = 0;

// Date and Time
// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
RTC_PCF8523 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// microSD Card
const int chipSelect = 33;
String zzzzzz = "";

// Mountable Slide Switch
int iSS1 = 16;
// State
int iSS1State = 0;

// ESP32 HardwareSerial
HardwareSerial tGPS(2);

// GPS Receiver
#define gpsRXPIN 14
// This one is unused and doesnt have a conection
#define gpsTXPIN 32
// The TinyGPS++ object
TinyGPSPlus gps;
float TargetLat;
float TargetLon;
int GPSStatus = 0;

// Rotary Switch - 10 Position
// Number 1 => 10
int iRotNum = A0;
// iRotVal - Value 
int iRotVal = 0;
// Number
int z = 0;
int x = 0;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
int iMQ8 = A1;
int iMQ8Raw = 0;
int iMQ8ppm = 0;
// Two points are taken from the curve in datasheet
// With these two points, a line is formed which is "approximately equivalent" to the original curve
float H2Curve[3] = {2.3, 0.93,-1.44};
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int iMQ9 = A2;
int iMQ9Raw = 0;
int iMQ9ppm = 0;
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int iMQ7 = A3;
int iMQ7Raw = 0;
int iMQ7ppm = 0;
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A4;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// EMF Meter (Single Axis)
int iEMF = A5;
// Raise this number to increase data smoothing
#define NUMREADINGS 15
// Raise this number to decrease sensitivity (up to 1023 max)
int senseLimit = 15;
// EMF Value
int valEMF = 0;
// Readings from the analog input
int readings[ NUMREADINGS ];
// Index of the current reading
int indexEMF = 0;
// Running total
int totalEMF = 0;
// Final average of the probe reading
int averageEMF = 0;
int iEMFDis = 0;
int iEMFRect = 0;

// RHT Humidity and Temperature Sensor
// RHT03 data pin Digital 15
const int RHT03_DATA_PIN = 15;
// This creates a RTH03 object, which we'll use to interact with the sensor
RHT03 rht;
float latestHumidity;
float latestTempC;
float latestTempF;

// PIR Motion
// Motion detector
const int iMotion = 17;
// Proximity
int proximity = LOW;
String Det = "";

// Software Version Information
String sver = "15-12";
// EEPROM Unique ID Information
#define EEPROM_SIZE 64
String uid = "";

void loop() {

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  isGPS();
  
  // Date and Time 
  isRTC();
  
  // SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  isBME280();

  // SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  isCCS811();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
  isEMF();

  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  isRHT03();

  // isPIR Motion
  isPIR();

  // Rotary Switch
  isRot();

  // Slide Switch
  // Read the state of the iSS1 value
  iSS1State = digitalRead(iSS1);
  
  // If it is the Slide Switch State is HIGH
  if (iSS1State == HIGH) {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  HIGH );
    
    // microSD Card
    isSD();

  } else {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  LOW );
  
  }

  delay( 1000 );
  
}

getBME280.ino

// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
// isBME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
void isBME280(){

  // Temperature Celsius
  BMEtempC = myBME280.readTempC();
  // Humidity
  BMEhumid = myBME280.readFloatHumidity();
  // Altitude Meters
  BMEaltitudeM = (myBME280.readFloatAltitudeMeters(), 2);
  // Barometric Pressure
  BMEpressure = myBME280.readFloatPressure();
  
}

getCCS811.ino

// CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// isCCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isCCS811(){

  // This sends the temperature & humidity data to the CCS811
  myCCS811.setEnvironmentalData(BMEhumid, BMEtempC);

  // Calling this function updates the global tVOC and eCO2 variables
  myCCS811.readAlgorithmResults();

  // eCO2 Concentration
  CCS811CO2 = myCCS811.getCO2();
  
  // tVOC Concentration
  CCS811TVOC = myCCS811.getTVOC();
  
}

getDisplay.ino

// Display
// SHARP Memory Display - UID
void isDisplayUID() {

    // Text Display 
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Don Luc Electronics
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Don Luc" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,40);
    display.println( "Electronics" );
    // Version
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.println( "Version" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,100);   
    display.println( sver );
    // EEPROM Unique ID
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( "EEPROM Unique ID" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,145);
    display.println( uid );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );
    
}
// Display Environmental
void isDisplayEnvironmental(){

    // Text Display Environmental
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature Celsius
    display.setCursor(0,0);
    display.println( "Temperature Celsius" );
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.print( BMEtempC );
    display.println( " C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,20);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( BMEhumid );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Altitude Meters
    display.setCursor(0,40);
    display.println( "Altitude Meters" );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.print( BMEaltitudeM );
    display.println( " m" );
    // Pressure
    display.setCursor(0,60);    
    display.println( "Barometric Pressure" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( BMEpressure );
    display.println( " Pa" );
    // eCO2 Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.println( "eCO2 Concentration" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.print( CCS811CO2 );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    // tVOC Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,100);
    display.println( "tVOC Concentration" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( CCS811TVOC );
    display.println( " ppb" );
    // Date
    display.setCursor(0,120);
    display.println( dateRTC );
    // Time
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( timeRTC );
    // GPS Status
    display.setCursor(0,140);
    display.println( GPSStatus );
    // Target Latitude
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.println( TargetLat );
    // Target Longitude
    display.setCursor(0,160);
    display.println( TargetLon );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Date
void isDisplayDate() {

    // Text Display Date
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Date
    display.setCursor(0,5);
    display.println( dateRTC );
    // Time
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.println( timeRTC );
    // GPS Status
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.print( "GPS: " );
    display.println( GPSStatus );
    // Target Latitude
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.println( "Latitude" );
    display.setCursor(0,100);
    display.println( TargetLat );
    // Target Longitude
    display.setCursor(0,120);
    display.println( "Longitude" );
    display.setCursor(0,140);
    display.println( TargetLon );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display BME280
void isDisplayBME280() {

     // Text Display BME280
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature Celsius
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Temperature" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( BMEtempC );
    display.println( " C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( BMEhumid );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Altitude Meters
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.println( "Altitude M" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( BMEaltitudeM );
    display.println( " m" );
    // Pressure
    display.setCursor(0,130);    
    display.println( "Barometric" );
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.print( BMEpressure );
    display.println( "Pa" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isDisplayCCS811() {

    // Text Display CCS811
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // eCO2 Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "eCO2" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( CCS811CO2 );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    // tVOC Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.println( "tVOC" );
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.print( CCS811TVOC );
    display.println( " ppb" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Gas Sensors MQ
void isDisplayMQ() {

    // Text Display MQ
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Gas Sensors MQ
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Gas H2 MQ8" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( iMQ8ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.println( "Gas CO MQ9" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( iMQ9ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.println( "Gas CO MQ7" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( iMQ7ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( "BAC MQ3" );
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.print( iMQ3ppm );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// EMF Meter (Single Axis)
void isDisplayEMF() {

    // Text Display EMF Meter
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // EMF Meter
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "EMF Meter" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( "EMF: " );
    display.println( averageEMF );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.println( iEMFDis );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.println( "0  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  10" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.drawRect(0, 90, iEMFRect , display.height(), BLACK);
    display.fillRect(0, 90, iEMFRect , display.height(), BLACK);
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display PIR Motion
void isDisplayPIR() {

    // Text Display PIR
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // PIR Motion
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "PIR Motion" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.println( Det );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display RHT
void isDisplayRHT() {

    // Text Display RHT
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Temp C" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( latestTempC );
    display.println( "C" );
    // Temp F
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.println( "Temp F" );
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.print( latestTempF );
    display.println( "F" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.print( latestHumidity );
    display.println( " %" );    
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Z
void isDisplayZ() {

    // Text Display Z
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Z
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.print( "Z: " );
    display.println( z );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}

getEEPROM.ino

// EEPROM
// isUID EEPROM Unique ID
void isUID()
{
  
  // Is Unit ID
  uid = "";
  for (int x = 0; x < 5; x++)
  {
    uid = uid + char(EEPROM.read(x));
  }
  
}

getEMF.ino

// EMF Meter (Single Axis)
// Setup EMF Meter
void isSetupEMF() {

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
  pinMode( iEMF, OUTPUT );
  for (int i = 0; i < NUMREADINGS; i++){
    readings[ i ] = 0;     // Initialize all the readings to 0
  }
  
}
// EMF Meter
void isEMF() {

  // Probe EMF Meter
  // Take a reading from the probe
  valEMF = analogRead( iEMF );

  // If the reading isn't zero, proceed
  if( valEMF >= 1 ){

    // Turn any reading higher than the senseLimit value into the senseLimit value
    valEMF = constrain( valEMF, 1, senseLimit );
    // Remap the constrained value within a 1 to 1023 range
    valEMF = map( valEMF, 1, senseLimit, 1, 1023 );
    
    // Subtract the last reading
    totalEMF -= readings[ indexEMF ];
    // Read from the sensor
    readings[ indexEMF ] = valEMF;
    // Add the reading to the total
    totalEMF += readings[ indexEMF ];
    // Advance to the next index
    indexEMF = ( indexEMF + 1 );
    
    // If we're at the end of the array...
    if ( indexEMF >= NUMREADINGS ) {

      // Wrap around to the beginning
      indexEMF = 0;
      
    }  

    // Calculate the average
    averageEMF = totalEMF / NUMREADINGS;

    iEMFDis = averageEMF;
    iEMFRect = map( averageEMF, 1, 1023, 1, 144 );

  }
  else
  {

    averageEMF = 0;
    
  }
  
}

getGPS.ino

// GPS Receiver
// Setup GPS
void setupGPS() {

  // Setup GPS
  tGPS.begin(  9600 , SERIAL_8N1, gpsRXPIN, gpsTXPIN );
  
}
// isGPS
void isGPS(){

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  // This sketch displays information every time a new sentence is correctly encoded.
  while ( tGPS.available() > 0)
    if (gps.encode( tGPS.read() ))
    {
     displayInfo();
    }
  
  if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10)
  {
    while(true);
  }

}
// GPS Vector Pointer Target
void displayInfo(){

  // Location
  if (gps.location.isValid())
  {
    
    TargetLat = gps.location.lat();
    TargetLon = gps.location.lng();
    GPSStatus = 2;
    
  }
  else
  {

    GPSStatus = 0;
    
  }

}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  
  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8Raw = analogRead( iMQ8 );

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9Raw = analogRead( iMQ9 );  

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7Raw = analogRead( iMQ7 );

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3Raw = analogRead( iMQ3 );
  
  // Caclulate the PPM of each gas sensors

  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8ppm = isMQ8( iMQ8Raw ); 

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9ppm = isMQ9( iMQ9Raw ); 

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7ppm = isMQ7( iMQ7Raw ); 

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw ); 
  
}
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8 - PPM
int isMQ8(double rawValue) {

  // RvRo
  double RvRo = rawValue * (3.3 / 1023);

  return (pow(4.7,( ((log(RvRo)-H2Curve[1])/H2Curve[2]) + H2Curve[0])));
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int isMQ9(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int isMQ7(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getPIR.ino

// PIR Motion
// Setup PIR
void setupPIR() {

  // Setup PIR Montion
  pinMode(iMotion, INPUT_PULLUP);
  
}
// isPIR Motion
void isPIR() {

  // Proximity
  proximity = digitalRead(iMotion);
  if (proximity == LOW) 
  {

    // PIR Motion Sensor's LOW, Motion is detected
    Det = "Motion Yes";
    
  }
  else
  {

    // PIR Motion Sensor's HIGH
    Det = "No";
    
  }
  
}

getRHT.ino

// RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
// setup RTH03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
void setupRTH03() {

  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  // Call rht.begin() to initialize the sensor and our data pin
  rht.begin(RHT03_DATA_PIN);
  
}
// RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
void isRHT03(){

  // Call rht.update() to get new humidity and temperature values from the sensor.
  int updateRet = rht.update();

  // The humidity(), tempC(), and tempF() functions can be called -- after 
  // a successful update() -- to get the last humidity and temperature value 
  latestHumidity = rht.humidity();
  latestTempC = rht.tempC();
  latestTempF = rht.tempF();
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
void setupRTC() {

  // Date & Time
  // pcf8523 Precision RTC   
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    while (1);
  }  
  
  if (! rtc.initialized()) {
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    // rtc.adjust(DateTime(2018, 9, 29, 12, 17, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;
  
  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;
  
}

getRot.ino

// Rotary Switch
// isRot - iRotVal - Value
void isRot() {

  // Rotary Switch
  z = analogRead( iRotNum );
  x = map(z, 0, 4095, 0, 9);
  iRotVal = map(z, 0, 4095, 0, 10);

  // Range Value
  switch ( iRotVal ) {
    case 0:

      // Display Environmental
      isDisplayEnvironmental();
      
      break;
    case 1:

      // Display Date
      isDisplayDate();
      
      break;
    case 2:

      // Display BME280
      isDisplayBME280();
      
      break;  
    case 3:

      // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
      isDisplayRHT();
      
      break;
    case 4:

      // Display CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
      isDisplayCCS811();
      
      break;
    case 5:

      // Display Gas Sensors MQ
      isDisplayMQ();
      
      break;       
    case 6:

      // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
      isDisplayEMF();
      
      break; 
    case 7:
         
      // Display PIR Motion
      isDisplayPIR();
      
      break; 
    case 8:

      // Display UID
      isDisplayUID();
      
      break;
    case 9:

      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break;
  }

}

getSD.ino

// microSD Card
// microSD Setup
void setupSD() {

    // microSD Card
    pinMode( chipSelect , OUTPUT );
    if(!SD.begin( chipSelect )){
        ;  
        return;
    }
    
    uint8_t cardType = SD.cardType();

    if(cardType == CARD_NONE){
        ; 
        return;
    }

    //Serial.print("SD Card Type: ");
    if(cardType == CARD_MMC){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SD){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SDHC){
        ; 
    } else {
        ; 
    } 

    uint64_t cardSize = SD.cardSize() / (1024 * 1024);
  
}
// microSD Card
void isSD() {

  zzzzzz = "";

  // EEPROM Unique ID|Version|Date|Time|GPS Status|Target Latitude|Target Longitude|Temperature Celsius|Humidity|Altitude Meters|Barometric Pressure|Latest Temp C|Latest Temp F|Latest Humidity|eCO2 Concentration|tVOC Concentration|H2 Gas Sensor MQ-8|CO Gas Sensor MQ-9|CO Gas Sensor MQ-7|Alcohol Gas Sensor MQ-3|EMF Meter (Single Axis)|PIR Motion
  zzzzzz = uid + "|" + sver + "|" + dateRTC + "|" + timeRTC + "|" + GPSStatus + "|" + TargetLat + "|" + TargetLon + "|" + BMEtempC + "|" + BMEhumid + "|" + BMEaltitudeM + "|" + BMEpressure + "|" + latestTempC + "|" + latestTempF + "|" + latestHumidity + "|" + CCS811CO2 + "|" + CCS811TVOC + "|" + iMQ8ppm + "|" + iMQ9ppm + "|" + iMQ7ppm + "|" + iMQ9ppm + "|" + iMQ3ppm + "|" + averageEMF + "|" + Det + "|\r";

  char msg[zzzzzz.length() + 1];

  zzzzzz.toCharArray(msg, zzzzzz.length() + 1);

  appendFile(SD, "/espdata.txt", msg );
  
}
// List Dir
void listDir(fs::FS &fs, const char * dirname, uint8_t levels){
    
    dirname;
    
    File root = fs.open(dirname);
    
    if(!root){
        return;
    }
    
    if(!root.isDirectory()){
        return;
    }

    File file = root.openNextFile();
    
    while(file){
        if(file.isDirectory()){
            file.name();
            if(levels){
                listDir(fs, file.name(), levels -1);
            }
        } else {
            file.name();
            file.size();
        }
        file = root.openNextFile();
    }
    
}
// Write File
void writeFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_WRITE);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}
// Append File
void appendFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_APPEND);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // EEPROM Size
  EEPROM.begin(EEPROM_SIZE);
  
  // EEPROM Unique ID
  isUID();
  
  // GPS Receiver
  // Setup GPS
  setupGPS();
  
  // SHARP Display Start & Clear the Display
  display.begin();
  // Clear Display
  display.clearDisplay();
  
  // Display UID
  isDisplayUID();

  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  myBME280.begin();
  
  // CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  myCCS811.begin();

  // Initialize the LED Green
  pinMode(iLEDGreen, OUTPUT);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // PCF8523 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Date & Time
  isRTC();
  
  // microSD Card
  setupSD();

  // Slide Switch
  pinMode(iSS1, INPUT);

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis) - Setup
  isSetupEMF();

  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  // setup RTH03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  setupRTH03();

  // PIR Motion
  // Setup PIR
  setupPIR();

  delay( 5000 );

}

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J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae
http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/LucPaquinCVEngMk2020a.pdf

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Don Luc

Project #15: Environment – Humidity and Temperature Sensor – RHT03 – Mk11

——

#DonLuc #Environment #ESP32 #MQ #GPS #EMF #SparkFun #Adafruit #Pololu #Fritzing #Programming #Arduino #Consultant #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Vlog #Aphasia

——

Environment

——

Environment

——

Environment

——

Humidity and Temperature Sensor – RHT03

SparkFun Item: SEN-10167

The RHT03 is a low cost humidity and temperature sensor with a single wire digital interface. The sensor is calibrated and doesn’t require extra components so you can get right to measuring relative humidity and temperature.

DL2006Mk01

1 x SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM
1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo Breakout – CCS811/BME280
1 x Adafruit Adalogger FeatherWing – RTC + SD
1 x SparkFun GPS Receiver – GP-20U7
1 x CR1220 12mm Lithium Battery
1 x 32Gb microSD Card
1 x Mountable Slide Switch
1 x SparkFun Rotary Switch – 10 Position
1 x Black Knob
1 x Breadboard Solderable
4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor – MQ-8
1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor – MQ-9
1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor – MQ-7
1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x Telescopic Antenna SMA – 300 MHz to 1.1 GHz (ANT700)
1 x SMA Connector
1 x Humidity and Temperature Sensor – RHT03
1 x Qwiic Cable – 100mm
1 x LED Green
11 x 1K Ohm
1 x 4.7K Ohm
2 x 10K Ohm
1 x 20k Ohm
1 x 200k Ohm
1 x 3.3m Ohm
10 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
12 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
20 x Wire Solid Core – 22 AWG
2 x Full-Size Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
1 x DC Power Supply

SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM

LEG – Digital 21
SCK – Digital 13
MOS – Digital 12
SSD – Digital 27
SDA – Digital 23
SCL – Digital 22
SD1 – Digital 33
SC2 – Digital 5
MO2 – Digital 18
MI2 – Digital 19
SS1 – Digital 16
ROT – Analog A1
MH1 – Analog A0
MC1 – Analog A2
MC2 – Analog A3
MA1 – Analog A4
EMF – Analog A5
GPS – Digital 14
RHT – Digital 15
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

DL2006Mk01p.ino

// ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
// Software Version Information
// Project #15: Environment - Humidity and Temperature Sensor - RHT03 - Mk11
// 06-01
// DL2006Mk01p.ino 15-11
// EEPROM with Unique ID
// 1 x SparkFun Thing Plus - ESP32 WROOM
// 1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
// 1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo Breakout - CCS811/BME280
// 1 x Adafruit Adalogger FeatherWing - RTC + SD
// 1 x SparkFun GPS Receiver - GP-20U7
// 1 x CR1220 12mm Lithium Battery
// 1 x 32Gb microSD Card
// 1 x Mountable Slide Switch
// 1 x SparkFun Rotary Switch - 10 Position
// 1 x Black Knob
// 1 x Breadboard Solderable
// 4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
// 1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
// 1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
// 1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
// 1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
// 1 x Telescopic Antenna SMA - 300 MHz to 1.1 GHz (ANT700)
// 1 x SMA Connector
// 1 x Humidity and Temperature Sensor - RHT03
// 1 x Qwiic Cable - 100mm
// 1 x LED Green
// 11 x 1K Ohm
// 1 x 4.7K Ohm
// 2 x 10K Ohm
// 1 x 20k Ohm
// 1 x 200k Ohm
// 1 x 3.3m Ohm
// 10 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
// 12 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
// 20 x Wire Solid Core - 22 AWG
// 2 x Full-Size Breadboard
// 1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
// 1 x DC Power Supply

// Include the Library Code
// EEPROM Library to Read and Write EEPROM with Unique ID for Unit
#include "EEPROM.h"
// Wire
#include <Wire.h>
// SHARP Memory Display
#include <Adafruit_SharpMem.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
#include <SparkFunCCS811.h>
// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
#include <SparkFunBME280.h>
// Date and Time
#include "RTClib.h"
// SD Card
#include "FS.h"
#include "SD.h"
#include "SPI.h"
// GPS Receiver
#include <TinyGPS++.h>
// Hardware Serial
#include <HardwareSerial.h>
// RHT Humidity and Temperature Sensor
#include <SparkFun_RHT03.h>

// LED Green
int iLEDGreen = 21;

// SHARP Memory Display
// any pins can be used
#define SHARP_SCK  13
#define SHARP_MOSI 12
#define SHARP_SS   27
// Set the size of the display here - 144x168
Adafruit_SharpMem display(SHARP_SCK, SHARP_MOSI, SHARP_SS, 144, 168);
// The currently-available SHARP Memory Display (144x168 pixels)
// requires > 4K of microcontroller RAM; it WILL NOT WORK on Arduino Uno
// or other <4K "classic" devices!
#define BLACK 0
#define WHITE 1
// 1/2 of lesser of display width or height
int minorHalfSize; 

// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// Default I2C Address
#define CCS811_ADDR 0x5B 
CCS811 myCCS811(CCS811_ADDR);
float CCS811CO2 = 0;
float CCS811TVOC = 0;

// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
BME280 myBME280;
float BMEtempC = 0;
float BMEhumid = 0;
float BMEaltitudeM = 0;
float BMEpressure = 0;

// Date and Time
// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
RTC_PCF8523 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// microSD Card
const int chipSelect = 33;
String zzzzzz = "";

// Mountable Slide Switch
int iSS1 = 16;
// State
int iSS1State = 0;

// ESP32 HardwareSerial
HardwareSerial tGPS(2);

// GPS Receiver
#define gpsRXPIN 14
// This one is unused and doesnt have a conection
#define gpsTXPIN 32
// The TinyGPS++ object
TinyGPSPlus gps;
float TargetLat;
float TargetLon;
int GPSStatus = 0;

// Rotary Switch - 10 Position
// Number 1 => 10
int iRotNum = A0;
// iRotVal - Value 
int iRotVal = 0;
// Number
int z = 0;
int x = 0;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
int iMQ8 = A1;
int iMQ8Raw = 0;
int iMQ8ppm = 0;
// Two points are taken from the curve in datasheet
// With these two points, a line is formed which is "approximately equivalent" to the original curve
float H2Curve[3] = {2.3, 0.93,-1.44};
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int iMQ9 = A2;
int iMQ9Raw = 0;
int iMQ9ppm = 0;
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int iMQ7 = A3;
int iMQ7Raw = 0;
int iMQ7ppm = 0;
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A4;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// EMF Meter (Single Axis)
int iEMF = A5;
// Raise this number to increase data smoothing
#define NUMREADINGS 15
// Raise this number to decrease sensitivity (up to 1023 max)
int senseLimit = 15;
// EMF Value
int valEMF = 0;
// Readings from the analog input
int readings[ NUMREADINGS ];
// Index of the current reading
int indexEMF = 0;
// Running total
int totalEMF = 0;
// Final average of the probe reading
int averageEMF = 0;
int iEMFDis = 0;
int iEMFRect = 0;

// RHT Humidity and Temperature Sensor
// RHT03 data pin Digital 15
const int RHT03_DATA_PIN = 15;
// This creates a RTH03 object, which we'll use to interact with the sensor
RHT03 rht;
float latestHumidity;
float latestTempC;
float latestTempF;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "15-11";
// EEPROM Unique ID Information
#define EEPROM_SIZE 64
String uid = "";

void loop() {

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  isGPS();
  
  // Date and Time 
  isRTC();
  
  // SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  isBME280();

  // SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  isCCS811();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
  isEMF();

  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  isRHT03();

  // Rotary Switch
  isRot();

  // Slide Switch
  // Read the state of the iSS1 value
  iSS1State = digitalRead(iSS1);
  
  // If it is the Slide Switch State is HIGH
  if (iSS1State == HIGH) {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  HIGH );
    
    // microSD Card
    isSD();

  } else {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  LOW );
  
  }

  delay( 1000 );
  
}

getBME280.ino

// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
// isBME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
void isBME280(){

  // Temperature Celsius
  BMEtempC = myBME280.readTempC();
  // Humidity
  BMEhumid = myBME280.readFloatHumidity();
  // Altitude Meters
  BMEaltitudeM = (myBME280.readFloatAltitudeMeters(), 2);
  // Barometric Pressure
  BMEpressure = myBME280.readFloatPressure();
  
}

getCCS811.ino

// CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// isCCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isCCS811(){

  // This sends the temperature & humidity data to the CCS811
  myCCS811.setEnvironmentalData(BMEhumid, BMEtempC);

  // Calling this function updates the global tVOC and eCO2 variables
  myCCS811.readAlgorithmResults();

  // eCO2 Concentration
  CCS811CO2 = myCCS811.getCO2();
  
  // tVOC Concentration
  CCS811TVOC = myCCS811.getTVOC();
  
}

getDisplay.ino

// Display
// SHARP Memory Display - UID
void isDisplayUID() {

    // Text Display 
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Don Luc Electronics
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Don Luc" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,40);
    display.println( "Electronics" );
    // Version
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.println( "Version" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,100);   
    display.println( sver );
    // EEPROM Unique ID
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( "EEPROM Unique ID" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,145);
    display.println( uid );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );
    
}
// Display Environmental
void isDisplayEnvironmental(){

    // Text Display Environmental
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature Celsius
    display.setCursor(0,0);
    display.println( "Temperature Celsius" );
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.print( BMEtempC );
    display.println( " C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,20);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( BMEhumid );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Altitude Meters
    display.setCursor(0,40);
    display.println( "Altitude Meters" );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.print( BMEaltitudeM );
    display.println( " m" );
    // Pressure
    display.setCursor(0,60);    
    display.println( "Barometric Pressure" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( BMEpressure );
    display.println( " Pa" );
    // eCO2 Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.println( "eCO2 Concentration" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.print( CCS811CO2 );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    // tVOC Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,100);
    display.println( "tVOC Concentration" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( CCS811TVOC );
    display.println( " ppb" );
    // Date
    display.setCursor(0,120);
    display.println( dateRTC );
    // Time
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( timeRTC );
    // GPS Status
    display.setCursor(0,140);
    display.println( GPSStatus );
    // Target Latitude
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.println( TargetLat );
    // Target Longitude
    display.setCursor(0,160);
    display.println( TargetLon );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Date
void isDisplayDate() {

    // Text Display Date
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Date
    display.setCursor(0,5);
    display.println( dateRTC );
    // Time
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.println( timeRTC );
    // GPS Status
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.print( "GPS: " );
    display.println( GPSStatus );
    // Target Latitude
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.println( "Latitude" );
    display.setCursor(0,100);
    display.println( TargetLat );
    // Target Longitude
    display.setCursor(0,120);
    display.println( "Longitude" );
    display.setCursor(0,140);
    display.println( TargetLon );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display BME280
void isDisplayBME280() {

     // Text Display BME280
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature Celsius
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Temperature" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( BMEtempC );
    display.println( " C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( BMEhumid );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Altitude Meters
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.println( "Altitude M" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( BMEaltitudeM );
    display.println( " m" );
    // Pressure
    display.setCursor(0,130);    
    display.println( "Barometric" );
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.print( BMEpressure );
    display.println( "Pa" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isDisplayCCS811() {

    // Text Display CCS811
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // eCO2 Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "eCO2" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( CCS811CO2 );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    // tVOC Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.println( "tVOC" );
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.print( CCS811TVOC );
    display.println( " ppb" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Gas Sensors MQ
void isDisplayMQ() {

    // Text Display MQ
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Gas Sensors MQ
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Gas H2 MQ8" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( iMQ8ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.println( "Gas CO MQ9" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( iMQ9ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.println( "Gas CO MQ7" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( iMQ7ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( "BAC MQ3" );
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.print( iMQ3ppm );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// EMF Meter (Single Axis)
void isDisplayEMF() {

    // Text Display EMF Meter
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // EMF Meter
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "EMF Meter" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( "EMF: " );
    display.println( averageEMF );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.println( iEMFDis );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.println( "0  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  10" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.drawRect(0, 90, iEMFRect , display.height(), BLACK);
    display.fillRect(0, 90, iEMFRect , display.height(), BLACK);
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display RHT
void isDisplayRHT() {

    // Text Display RHT
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Temp C" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( latestTempC );
    display.println( "C" );
    // Temp F
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.println( "Temp F" );
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.print( latestTempF );
    display.println( "F" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.print( latestHumidity );
    display.println( " %" );    
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Z
void isDisplayZ() {

    // Text Display Z
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Z
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.print( "Z: " );
    display.println( z );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}

getEEPROM.ino

// EEPROM
// isUID EEPROM Unique ID
void isUID()
{
  
  // Is Unit ID
  uid = "";
  for (int x = 0; x < 5; x++)
  {
    uid = uid + char(EEPROM.read(x));
  }
  
}

getEMF.ino

// EMF Meter (Single Axis)
// Setup EMF Meter
void isSetupEMF() {

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
  pinMode( iEMF, OUTPUT );
  for (int i = 0; i < NUMREADINGS; i++){
    readings[ i ] = 0;     // Initialize all the readings to 0
  }
  
}
// EMF Meter
void isEMF() {

  // Probe EMF Meter
  // Take a reading from the probe
  valEMF = analogRead( iEMF );

  // If the reading isn't zero, proceed
  if( valEMF >= 1 ){

    // Turn any reading higher than the senseLimit value into the senseLimit value
    valEMF = constrain( valEMF, 1, senseLimit );
    // Remap the constrained value within a 1 to 1023 range
    valEMF = map( valEMF, 1, senseLimit, 1, 1023 );
    
    // Subtract the last reading
    totalEMF -= readings[ indexEMF ];
    // Read from the sensor
    readings[ indexEMF ] = valEMF;
    // Add the reading to the total
    totalEMF += readings[ indexEMF ];
    // Advance to the next index
    indexEMF = ( indexEMF + 1 );
    
    // If we're at the end of the array...
    if ( indexEMF >= NUMREADINGS ) {

      // Wrap around to the beginning
      indexEMF = 0;
      
    }  

    // Calculate the average
    averageEMF = totalEMF / NUMREADINGS;

    iEMFDis = averageEMF;
    iEMFRect = map( averageEMF, 1, 1023, 1, 144 );

  }
  else
  {

    averageEMF = 0;
    
  }
  
}

getGPS.ino

// GPS Receiver
// Setup GPS
void setupGPS() {

  // Setup GPS
  tGPS.begin(  9600 , SERIAL_8N1, gpsRXPIN, gpsTXPIN );
  
}
// isGPS
void isGPS(){

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  // This sketch displays information every time a new sentence is correctly encoded.
  while ( tGPS.available() > 0)
    if (gps.encode( tGPS.read() ))
    {
     displayInfo();
    }
  
  if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10)
  {
    while(true);
  }

}
// GPS Vector Pointer Target
void displayInfo(){

  // Location
  if (gps.location.isValid())
  {
    
    TargetLat = gps.location.lat();
    TargetLon = gps.location.lng();
    GPSStatus = 2;
    
  }
  else
  {

    GPSStatus = 0;
    
  }

}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  
  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8Raw = analogRead( iMQ8 );

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9Raw = analogRead( iMQ9 );  

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7Raw = analogRead( iMQ7 );

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3Raw = analogRead( iMQ3 );
  
  // Caclulate the PPM of each gas sensors

  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8ppm = isMQ8( iMQ8Raw ); 

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9ppm = isMQ9( iMQ9Raw ); 

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7ppm = isMQ7( iMQ7Raw ); 

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw ); 
  
}
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8 - PPM
int isMQ8(double rawValue) {

  // RvRo
  double RvRo = rawValue * (3.3 / 1023);

  return (pow(4.7,( ((log(RvRo)-H2Curve[1])/H2Curve[2]) + H2Curve[0])));
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int isMQ9(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int isMQ7(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getRHT.ino

// RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
// setup RTH03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
void setupRTH03() {

  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  // Call rht.begin() to initialize the sensor and our data pin
  rht.begin(RHT03_DATA_PIN);
  
}
// RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
void isRHT03(){

  // Call rht.update() to get new humidity and temperature values from the sensor.
  int updateRet = rht.update();

  // The humidity(), tempC(), and tempF() functions can be called -- after 
  // a successful update() -- to get the last humidity and temperature value 
  latestHumidity = rht.humidity();
  latestTempC = rht.tempC();
  latestTempF = rht.tempF();
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
void setupRTC() {

  // Date & Time
  // pcf8523 Precision RTC   
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    while (1);
  }  
  
  if (! rtc.initialized()) {
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    // rtc.adjust(DateTime(2018, 9, 29, 12, 17, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;
  
  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;
  
}

getRot.ino

// Rotary Switch
// isRot - iRotVal - Value
void isRot() {

  // Rotary Switch
  z = analogRead( iRotNum );
  x = map(z, 0, 4095, 0, 9);
  iRotVal = map(z, 0, 4095, 0, 10);

  // Range Value
  switch ( iRotVal ) {
    case 0:

      // Display Environmental
      isDisplayEnvironmental();
      
      break;
    case 1:

      // Display Date
      isDisplayDate();
      
      break;
    case 2:

      // Display BME280
      isDisplayBME280();
      
      break;  
    case 3:

      // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
      isDisplayRHT();
      
      break;
    case 4:

      // Display CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
      isDisplayCCS811();
      
      break;
    case 5:

      // Display Gas Sensors MQ
      isDisplayMQ();
      
      break;       
    case 6:

      // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
      isDisplayEMF();
      
      break; 
    case 7:
         
      // Display UID
      isDisplayUID();
      
      break; 
    case 8:

      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break;
    case 9:

      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break;
  }

}

getSD.ino

// microSD Card
// microSD Setup
void setupSD() {

    // microSD Card
    pinMode( chipSelect , OUTPUT );
    if(!SD.begin( chipSelect )){
        ;  
        return;
    }
    
    uint8_t cardType = SD.cardType();

    if(cardType == CARD_NONE){
        ; 
        return;
    }

    //Serial.print("SD Card Type: ");
    if(cardType == CARD_MMC){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SD){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SDHC){
        ; 
    } else {
        ; 
    } 

    uint64_t cardSize = SD.cardSize() / (1024 * 1024);
  
}
// microSD Card
void isSD() {

  zzzzzz = "";

  // EEPROM Unique ID|Version|Date|Time|GPS Status|Target Latitude|Target Longitude|Temperature Celsius|Humidity|Altitude Meters|Barometric Pressure|Latest Temp C|Latest Temp F|Latest Humidity|eCO2 Concentration|tVOC Concentration|H2 Gas Sensor MQ-8|CO Gas Sensor MQ-9|CO Gas Sensor MQ-7|Alcohol Gas Sensor MQ-3|EMF Meter (Single Axis)
  zzzzzz = uid + "|" + sver + "|" + dateRTC + "|" + timeRTC + "|" + GPSStatus + "|" + TargetLat + "|" + TargetLon + "|" + BMEtempC + "|" + BMEhumid + "|" + BMEaltitudeM + "|" + BMEpressure + "|" + latestTempC + "|" + latestTempF + "|" + latestHumidity + "|" + CCS811CO2 + "|" + CCS811TVOC + "|" + iMQ8ppm + "|" + iMQ9ppm + "|" + iMQ7ppm + "|" + iMQ9ppm + "|" + iMQ3ppm + "|" + averageEMF + "|\r";

  char msg[zzzzzz.length() + 1];

  zzzzzz.toCharArray(msg, zzzzzz.length() + 1);

  appendFile(SD, "/espdata.txt", msg );
  
}
// List Dir
void listDir(fs::FS &fs, const char * dirname, uint8_t levels){
    
    dirname;
    
    File root = fs.open(dirname);
    
    if(!root){
        return;
    }
    
    if(!root.isDirectory()){
        return;
    }

    File file = root.openNextFile();
    
    while(file){
        if(file.isDirectory()){
            file.name();
            if(levels){
                listDir(fs, file.name(), levels -1);
            }
        } else {
            file.name();
            file.size();
        }
        file = root.openNextFile();
    }
    
}
// Write File
void writeFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_WRITE);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}
// Append File
void appendFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_APPEND);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // EEPROM Size
  EEPROM.begin(EEPROM_SIZE);
  
  // EEPROM Unique ID
  isUID();
  
  // GPS Receiver
  // Setup GPS
  setupGPS();
  
  // SHARP Display Start & Clear the Display
  display.begin();
  // Clear Display
  display.clearDisplay();
  
  // Display UID
  isDisplayUID();

  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  myBME280.begin();
  
  // CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  myCCS811.begin();

  // Initialize the LED Green
  pinMode(iLEDGreen, OUTPUT);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // PCF8523 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Date & Time
  isRTC();
  
  // microSD Card
  setupSD();

  // Slide Switch
  pinMode(iSS1, INPUT);

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis) - Setup
  isSetupEMF();

  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  // setup RTH03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  setupRTH03();

  delay( 5000 );

}

Technology Experience

  • Single-Board Microcontrollers (Arduino, Raspberry Pi,Espressif, etc…)
  • Robotics
  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Desktop Applications (Windows, OSX, Linux, Multi-OS, Multi-Tier, etc…)
  • Mobile Applications (Android, iOS, Blackberry, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, etc…)
  • Web Applications (LAMP, Scripting, Java, ASP, ASP.NET, RoR, Wakanda, etc…)
  • Social Media Programming & Integration (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Pinterest, etc…)
  • Content Management Systems (WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, Moodle, etc…)
  • Bulletin Boards (phpBB, SMF, Vanilla, jobberBase, etc…)
  • eCommerce (WooCommerce, OSCommerce, ZenCart, PayPal Shopping Cart, etc…)

Instructor

  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif
  • Robotics
  • DOS, Windows, OSX, Linux, iOS, Android, Multi-OS
  • Linux-Apache-PHP-MySQL

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The Alpha Geek

Why “The Alpha Geek”?

Aphasia

Don Luc Aphasia

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae
http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/LucPaquinCVEngMk2020a.pdf

Web: http://www.donluc.com/
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Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/luc.paquin/

Don Luc

Project #15: Environment – EMF Meters – Mk10

——

#DonLuc #Environment #Microcontrollers #EMF #ESP32 #MQ #GPS #SparkFun #Adafruit #Pololu #Fritzing #Programming #Arduino #Electronics #Consultant #Vlog #Aphasia

——

Environment

——

Environment

——

Environment

——

DL2005Mk012

1 x SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM
1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo Breakout – CCS811/BME280
1 x Adafruit Adalogger FeatherWing – RTC + SD
1 x SparkFun GPS Receiver – GP-20U7
1 x CR1220 12mm Lithium Battery
1 x 32Gb microSD Card
1 x Mountable Slide Switch
1 x SparkFun Rotary Switch – 10 Position
1 x Black Knob
1 x Breadboard Solderable
4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor – MQ-8
1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor – MQ-9
1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor – MQ-7
1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x Telescopic Antenna SMA – 300 MHz to 1.1 GHz (ANT700)
1 x SMA Connector
1 x Qwiic Cable – 100mm
1 x LED Green
11 x 1K Ohm
1 x 4.7K Ohm
2 x 10K Ohm
1 x 20k Ohm
1 x 200k Ohm
1 x 3.3m Ohm
10 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
10 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
18 x Wire Solid Core – 22 AWG
2 x Full-Size Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
1 x DC Power Supply

SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM

LEG – Digital 21
SCK – Digital 13
MOS – Digital 12
SSD – Digital 27
SDA – Digital 23
SCL – Digital 22
SD1 – Digital 33
SC2 – Digital 5
MO2 – Digital 18
MI2 – Digital 19
SS1 – Digital 16
ROT – Analog A1
MH1 – Analog A0
MC1 – Analog A2
MC2 – Analog A3
MA1 – Analog A4
EMF – Analog A5
GPS – Digital 14
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

DL2005Mk12p.ino

// ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
// Software Version Information
// Project #15: Environment - EMF Meters - Mk10
// 05-12
// DL2005Mk12p.ino 15-10
// EEPROM with Unique ID
// 1 x SparkFun Thing Plus - ESP32 WROOM
// 1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
// 1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo Breakout - CCS811/BME280
// 1 x Adafruit Adalogger FeatherWing - RTC + SD
// 1 x SparkFun GPS Receiver - GP-20U7
// 1 x CR1220 12mm Lithium Battery
// 1 x 32Gb microSD Card
// 1 x Mountable Slide Switch
// 1 x SparkFun Rotary Switch - 10 Position
// 1 x Black Knob
// 1 x Breadboard Solderable
// 4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
// 1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
// 1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
// 1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
// 1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
// 1 x Telescopic Antenna SMA - 300 MHz to 1.1 GHz (ANT700)
// 1 x SMA Connector
// 1 x Qwiic Cable - 100mm
// 1 x LED Green
// 11 x 1K Ohm
// 1 x 4.7K Ohm
// 1 x 10K Ohm
// 1 x 20K Ohm
// 1 x 200k Ohm
// 1 x 3.3m Ohm
// 10 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
// 10 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
// 18 x Wire Solid Core - 22 AWG
// 2 x Full-Size Breadboard
// 1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
// 1 x DC Power Supply

// Include the Library Code
// EEPROM Library to Read and Write EEPROM with Unique ID for Unit
#include "EEPROM.h"
// Wire
#include <Wire.h>
// SHARP Memory Display
#include <Adafruit_SharpMem.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
#include <SparkFunCCS811.h>
// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
#include <SparkFunBME280.h>
// Date and Time
#include "RTClib.h"
// SD Card
#include "FS.h"
#include "SD.h"
#include "SPI.h"
// GPS Receiver
#include <TinyGPS++.h>
// Hardware Serial
#include <HardwareSerial.h>

// LED Green
int iLEDGreen = 21;

// SHARP Memory Display
// any pins can be used
#define SHARP_SCK  13
#define SHARP_MOSI 12
#define SHARP_SS   27
// Set the size of the display here - 144x168
Adafruit_SharpMem display(SHARP_SCK, SHARP_MOSI, SHARP_SS, 144, 168);
// The currently-available SHARP Memory Display (144x168 pixels)
// requires > 4K of microcontroller RAM; it WILL NOT WORK on Arduino Uno
// or other <4K "classic" devices!
#define BLACK 0
#define WHITE 1
// 1/2 of lesser of display width or height
int minorHalfSize; 

// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// Default I2C Address
#define CCS811_ADDR 0x5B 
CCS811 myCCS811(CCS811_ADDR);
float CCS811CO2 = 0;
float CCS811TVOC = 0;

// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
BME280 myBME280;
float BMEtempC = 0;
float BMEhumid = 0;
float BMEaltitudeM = 0;
float BMEpressure = 0;

// Date and Time
// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
RTC_PCF8523 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// microSD Card
const int chipSelect = 33;
String zzzzzz = "";

// Mountable Slide Switch
int iSS1 = 16;
// State
int iSS1State = 0;

// ESP32 HardwareSerial
HardwareSerial tGPS(2);

// GPS Receiver
#define gpsRXPIN 14
// This one is unused and doesnt have a conection
#define gpsTXPIN 32
// The TinyGPS++ object
TinyGPSPlus gps;
float TargetLat;
float TargetLon;
int GPSStatus = 0;

// Rotary Switch - 10 Position
// Number 1 => 10
int iRotNum = A0;
// iRotVal - Value 
int iRotVal = 0;
// Number
int z = 0;
int x = 0;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
int iMQ8 = A1;
int iMQ8Raw = 0;
int iMQ8ppm = 0;
// Two points are taken from the curve in datasheet
// With these two points, a line is formed which is "approximately equivalent" to the original curve
float H2Curve[3] = {2.3, 0.93,-1.44};
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int iMQ9 = A2;
int iMQ9Raw = 0;
int iMQ9ppm = 0;
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int iMQ7 = A3;
int iMQ7Raw = 0;
int iMQ7ppm = 0;
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A4;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// EMF Meter (Single Axis)
int iEMF = A5;
// Raise this number to increase data smoothing
#define NUMREADINGS 15
// Raise this number to decrease sensitivity (up to 1023 max)
int senseLimit = 15;
// EMF Value
int valEMF = 0;
// Readings from the analog input
int readings[ NUMREADINGS ];
// Index of the current reading
int indexEMF = 0;
// Running total
int totalEMF = 0;
// Final average of the probe reading
int averageEMF = 0;
int iEMFDis = 0;
int iEMFRect = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "15-10";
// EEPROM Unique ID Information
#define EEPROM_SIZE 64
String uid = "";

void loop() {

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  isGPS();
  
  // Date and Time 
  isRTC();
  
  // SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  isBME280();

  // SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  isCCS811();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
  isEMF();

  // Rotary Switch
  isRot();

  // Slide Switch
  // Read the state of the iSS1 value
  iSS1State = digitalRead(iSS1);
  
  // If it is the Slide Switch State is HIGH
  if (iSS1State == HIGH) {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  HIGH );
    
    // microSD Card
    isSD();

  } else {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  LOW );
  
  }

  delay( 1000 );
  
}

getBME280.ino

// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
// isBME280 - Temperature, Humidity, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
void isBME280(){

  // Temperature Celsius
  BMEtempC = myBME280.readTempC();
  // Humidity
  BMEhumid = myBME280.readFloatHumidity();
  // Altitude Meters
  BMEaltitudeM = (myBME280.readFloatAltitudeMeters(), 2);
  // Barometric Pressure
  BMEpressure = myBME280.readFloatPressure();
  
}

getCCS811.ino

// CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// isCCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isCCS811(){

  // This sends the temperature & humidity data to the CCS811
  myCCS811.setEnvironmentalData(BMEhumid, BMEtempC);

  // Calling this function updates the global tVOC and eCO2 variables
  myCCS811.readAlgorithmResults();

  // eCO2 Concentration
  CCS811CO2 = myCCS811.getCO2();
  
  // tVOC Concentration
  CCS811TVOC = myCCS811.getTVOC();
  
}

getDisplay.ino

// Display
// SHARP Memory Display - UID
void isDisplayUID() {

    // Text Display 
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Don Luc Electronics
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Don Luc" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,40);
    display.println( "Electronics" );
    // Version
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.println( "Version" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,100);   
    display.println( sver );
    // EEPROM Unique ID
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( "EEPROM Unique ID" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,145);
    display.println( uid );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );
    
}
// Display Environmental
void isDisplayEnvironmental(){

    // Text Display Environmental
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature Celsius
    display.setCursor(0,0);
    display.println( "Temperature Celsius" );
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.print( BMEtempC );
    display.println( " C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,20);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( BMEhumid );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Altitude Meters
    display.setCursor(0,40);
    display.println( "Altitude Meters" );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.print( BMEaltitudeM );
    display.println( " m" );
    // Pressure
    display.setCursor(0,60);    
    display.println( "Barometric Pressure" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( BMEpressure );
    display.println( " Pa" );
    // eCO2 Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.println( "eCO2 Concentration" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.print( CCS811CO2 );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    // tVOC Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,100);
    display.println( "tVOC Concentration" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( CCS811TVOC );
    display.println( " ppb" );
    // Date
    display.setCursor(0,120);
    display.println( dateRTC );
    // Time
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( timeRTC );
    // GPS Status
    display.setCursor(0,140);
    display.println( GPSStatus );
    // Target Latitude
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.println( TargetLat );
    // Target Longitude
    display.setCursor(0,160);
    display.println( TargetLon );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Date
void isDisplayDate() {

    // Text Display Date
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Date
    display.setCursor(0,5);
    display.println( dateRTC );
    // Time
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.println( timeRTC );
    // GPS Status
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.print( "GPS: " );
    display.println( GPSStatus );
    // Target Latitude
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.println( "Latitude" );
    display.setCursor(0,100);
    display.println( TargetLat );
    // Target Longitude
    display.setCursor(0,120);
    display.println( "Longitude" );
    display.setCursor(0,140);
    display.println( TargetLon );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display BME280
void isDisplayBME280() {

     // Text Display BME280
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature Celsius
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Temperature" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( BMEtempC );
    display.println( " C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( BMEhumid );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Altitude Meters
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.println( "Altitude M" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( BMEaltitudeM );
    display.println( " m" );
    // Pressure
    display.setCursor(0,130);    
    display.println( "Barometric" );
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.print( BMEpressure );
    display.println( "Pa" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isDisplayCCS811() {

    // Text Display CCS811
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // eCO2 Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "eCO2" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( CCS811CO2 );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    // tVOC Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.println( "tVOC" );
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.print( CCS811TVOC );
    display.println( " ppb" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Gas Sensors MQ
void isDisplayMQ() {

    // Text Display MQ
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Gas Sensors MQ
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Gas Sensors" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.println( "Gas H2 MQ8" );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.print( iMQ8ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.println( "Gas CO MQ9" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.print( iMQ9ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.println( "Gas CO MQ7" );
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.print( iMQ7ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.println( "BAC MQ3" );
    display.setCursor(0,170);
    display.print( iMQ3ppm );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// EMF Meter (Single Axis)
void isDisplayEMF() {

    // Text Display EMF Meter
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // EMF Meter
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "EMF Meter" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( "EMF: " );
    display.println( averageEMF );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.println( iEMFDis );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.println( "0  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  10" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.drawRect(0, 90, iEMFRect , display.height(), BLACK);
    display.fillRect(0, 90, iEMFRect , display.height(), BLACK);
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Z
void isDisplayZ() {

    // Text Display Z
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Z
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.print( "Z: " );
    display.println( z );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}

getEEPROM.ino

// EEPROM
// isUID EEPROM Unique ID
void isUID()
{
  
  // Is Unit ID
  uid = "";
  for (int x = 0; x < 5; x++)
  {
    uid = uid + char(EEPROM.read(x));
  }
  
}

getEMF.ino

// EMF Meter (Single Axis)
// Setup EMF Meter
void isSetupEMF() {

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
  pinMode( iEMF, OUTPUT );
  for (int i = 0; i < NUMREADINGS; i++){
    readings[ i ] = 0;     // Initialize all the readings to 0
  }
  
}
// EMF Meter
void isEMF() {

  // Probe EMF Meter
  // Take a reading from the probe
  valEMF = analogRead( iEMF );

  // If the reading isn't zero, proceed
  if( valEMF >= 1 ){

    // Turn any reading higher than the senseLimit value into the senseLimit value
    valEMF = constrain( valEMF, 1, senseLimit );
    // Remap the constrained value within a 1 to 1023 range
    valEMF = map( valEMF, 1, senseLimit, 1, 1023 );
    
    // Subtract the last reading
    totalEMF -= readings[ indexEMF ];
    // Read from the sensor
    readings[ indexEMF ] = valEMF;
    // Add the reading to the total
    totalEMF += readings[ indexEMF ];
    // Advance to the next index
    indexEMF = ( indexEMF + 1 );
    
    // If we're at the end of the array...
    if ( indexEMF >= NUMREADINGS ) {

      // Wrap around to the beginning
      indexEMF = 0;
      
    }  

    // Calculate the average
    averageEMF = totalEMF / NUMREADINGS;

    iEMFDis = averageEMF;
    iEMFRect = map( averageEMF, 1, 1023, 1, 144 );

  }
  else
  {

    averageEMF = 0;
    
  }
  
}

getGPS.ino

// GPS Receiver
// Setup GPS
void setupGPS() {

  // Setup GPS
  tGPS.begin(  9600 , SERIAL_8N1, gpsRXPIN, gpsTXPIN );
  
}
// isGPS
void isGPS(){

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  // This sketch displays information every time a new sentence is correctly encoded.
  while ( tGPS.available() > 0)
    if (gps.encode( tGPS.read() ))
    {
     displayInfo();
    }
  
  if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10)
  {
    while(true);
  }

}
// GPS Vector Pointer Target
void displayInfo(){

  // Location
  if (gps.location.isValid())
  {
    
    TargetLat = gps.location.lat();
    TargetLon = gps.location.lng();
    GPSStatus = 2;
    
  }
  else
  {

    GPSStatus = 0;
    
  }

}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  
  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8Raw = analogRead( iMQ8 );

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9Raw = analogRead( iMQ9 );  

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7Raw = analogRead( iMQ7 );

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3Raw = analogRead( iMQ3 );
  
  // Caclulate the PPM of each gas sensors

  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8ppm = isMQ8( iMQ8Raw ); 

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9ppm = isMQ9( iMQ9Raw ); 

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7ppm = isMQ7( iMQ7Raw ); 

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw ); 
  
}
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8 - PPM
int isMQ8(double rawValue) {

  // RvRo
  double RvRo = rawValue * (3.3 / 1023);

  return (pow(4.7,( ((log(RvRo)-H2Curve[1])/H2Curve[2]) + H2Curve[0])));
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int isMQ9(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int isMQ7(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
void setupRTC() {

  // Date & Time
  // pcf8523 Precision RTC   
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    while (1);
  }  
  
  if (! rtc.initialized()) {
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    // rtc.adjust(DateTime(2018, 9, 29, 12, 17, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;
  
  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;
  
}

getRot.ino

// Rotary Switch
// isRot - iRotVal - Value
void isRot() {

  // Rotary Switch
  z = analogRead( iRotNum );
  x = map(z, 0, 4095, 0, 9);
  iRotVal = map(z, 0, 4095, 0, 10);

  // Range Value
  switch ( iRotVal ) {
    case 0:

      // Display Environmental
      isDisplayEnvironmental();
      
      break;
    case 1:

      // Display Date
      isDisplayDate();
      
      break;
    case 2:

      // Display BME280
      isDisplayBME280();
      
      break;  
    case 3:

      // Display CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
      isDisplayCCS811();
      
      break;
    case 4:

      // Display Gas Sensors MQ
      isDisplayMQ();
      
      break;
    case 5:

      // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
      isDisplayEMF();
      
      break;       
    case 6:

      // Display UID
      isDisplayUID();
      
      break; 
    case 7:
         
      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break; 
    case 8:

      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break;
    case 9:

      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break;
  }

}

getSD.ino

// microSD Card
// microSD Setup
void setupSD() {

    // microSD Card
    pinMode( chipSelect , OUTPUT );
    if(!SD.begin( chipSelect )){
        ;  
        return;
    }
    
    uint8_t cardType = SD.cardType();

    if(cardType == CARD_NONE){
        ; 
        return;
    }

    //Serial.print("SD Card Type: ");
    if(cardType == CARD_MMC){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SD){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SDHC){
        ; 
    } else {
        ; 
    } 

    uint64_t cardSize = SD.cardSize() / (1024 * 1024);
  
}
// microSD Card
void isSD() {

  zzzzzz = "";

  // EEPROM Unique ID|Version|Date|Time|GPS Status|Target Latitude|Target Longitude|Temperature Celsius|Humidity|Altitude Meters|Barometric Pressure|eCO2 Concentration|tVOC Concentration|H2 Gas Sensor MQ-8|CO Gas Sensor MQ-9|CO Gas Sensor MQ-7|Alcohol Gas Sensor MQ-3|EMF Meter (Single Axis)
  zzzzzz = uid + "|" + sver + "|" + dateRTC + "|" + timeRTC + "|" + GPSStatus + "|" + TargetLat + "|" + TargetLon + "|" + BMEtempC + "|" + BMEhumid + "|" + BMEaltitudeM + "|" + BMEpressure + "|" + CCS811CO2 + "|" + CCS811TVOC + "|" + iMQ8ppm + "|" + iMQ9ppm + "|" + iMQ7ppm + "|" + iMQ9ppm + "|" + iMQ3ppm + "|" + averageEMF + "|\r";

  char msg[zzzzzz.length() + 1];

  zzzzzz.toCharArray(msg, zzzzzz.length() + 1);

  appendFile(SD, "/espdata.txt", msg );
  
}
// List Dir
void listDir(fs::FS &fs, const char * dirname, uint8_t levels){
    
    dirname;
    
    File root = fs.open(dirname);
    
    if(!root){
        return;
    }
    
    if(!root.isDirectory()){
        return;
    }

    File file = root.openNextFile();
    
    while(file){
        if(file.isDirectory()){
            file.name();
            if(levels){
                listDir(fs, file.name(), levels -1);
            }
        } else {
            file.name();
            file.size();
        }
        file = root.openNextFile();
    }
    
}
// Write File
void writeFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_WRITE);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}
// Append File
void appendFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_APPEND);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // EEPROM Size
  EEPROM.begin(EEPROM_SIZE);
  
  // EEPROM Unique ID
  isUID();
  
  // GPS Receiver
  // Setup GPS
  setupGPS();
  
  // SHARP Display Start & Clear the Display
  display.begin();
  // Clear Display
  display.clearDisplay();
  
  // Display UID
  isDisplayUID();

  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  myBME280.begin();
  
  // CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  myCCS811.begin();

  // Initialize the LED Green
  pinMode(iLEDGreen, OUTPUT);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // PCF8523 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Date & Time
  isRTC();
  
  // microSD Card
  setupSD();

  // Slide Switch
  pinMode(iSS1, INPUT);

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis) - Setup
  isSetupEMF();

  delay( 5000 );

}

Technology Experience

  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Desktop Applications (Windows, OSX, Linux, Multi-OS, Multi-Tier, etc…)
  • Mobile Applications (Android, iOS, Blackberry, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, etc…)
  • Web Applications (LAMP, Scripting, Java, ASP, ASP.NET, RoR, Wakanda, etc…)
  • Social Media Programming & Integration (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Pinterest, etc…)
  • Content Management Systems (WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, Moodle, etc…)
  • Bulletin Boards (phpBB, SMF, Vanilla, jobberBase, etc…)
  • eCommerce (WooCommerce, OSCommerce, ZenCart, PayPal Shopping Cart, etc…)

Instructor

  • DOS, Windows, OSX, Linux, iOS, Android, Multi-OS
  • Linux-Apache-PHP-MySQL
  • Robotics
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif

Follow Us

The Alpha Geek

Why “The Alpha Geek”?

Aphasia

Don Luc Aphasia

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae
http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/LucPaquinCVEngMk2020a.pdf

Web: http://www.donluc.com/
Web: http://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Web: http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/
Web: https://www.hackster.io/neosteam-labs
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/luc.paquin/

Don Luc

Project #14: Components – EMF Meters – Mk19

——

#DonLuc #Electronics #Components #EMF #Microcontrollers #Environment #SparkFun #Consultant #Vlog #Aphasia

——

Components

——

Components

——

Telescopic Antenna SMA – 300 MHz to 1.1 GHz (ANT700)

SparkFun Item: WRL-13982

This ANT700 is a telescopic antenna designed for operation from 300 MHz to 1.1 GHz with a total length that is configurable from 9.5 cm to 24.5 cm. Each ANT700 is constructed of stainless steel and features an SMA male connector, rotating shaft, and adjustable elbow.

SMA Connector

SparkFun Item: WRL-00593

PCB edge mount – SMA RF connector. Perfect for prototyping with the GPS and Cellular devices that require an antenna connection. These connectors have a female signal pin and will correctly mate with the original SMA type antennas.

EMF Meter

An EMF meter is a scientific instrument for measuring electromagnetic fields. Most meters measure the electromagnetic radiation flux density or the change in an electromagnetic field over time, essentially the same as a radio antenna, but with quite different detection characteristics. Single axis meters are cheaper than tri-axis meters, but take longer to complete a survey because the meter only measures one dimension of the field. Single axis instruments have to be tilted and turned on all three axes to obtain a full measurement.

1 x Antenna SMA
1 x SMA Connector
1 x 3.3M Ohm

Technology Experience

  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Desktop Applications (Windows, OSX, Linux, Multi-OS, Multi-Tier, etc…)
  • Mobile Applications (Android, iOS, Blackberry, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, etc…)
  • Web Applications (LAMP, Scripting, Java, ASP, ASP.NET, RoR, Wakanda, etc…)
  • Social Media Programming & Integration (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Pinterest, etc…)
  • Content Management Systems (WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, Moodle, etc…)
  • Bulletin Boards (phpBB, SMF, Vanilla, jobberBase, etc…)
  • eCommerce (WooCommerce, OSCommerce, ZenCart, PayPal Shopping Cart, etc…)

Instructor

  • DOS, Windows, OSX, Linux, iOS, Android, Multi-OS
  • Linux-Apache-PHP-MySQL
  • Robotics
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif

Follow Us

The Alpha Geek

Why “The Alpha Geek”?

Aphasia

Don Luc Aphasia

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae
http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/LucPaquinCVEngMk2020a.pdf

Web: http://www.donluc.com/
Web: http://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Web: http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/
Web: https://www.hackster.io/neosteam-labs
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/luc.paquin/

Don Luc

Project #15: Environment – SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3 – Mk09

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#DonLuc #Environment #Microcontrollers #ESP32 #MQ #GPS #SparkFun #Adafruit #Pololu #Fritzing #Programming #Arduino #Electronics #Consultant #Vlog #Aphasia

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Environment

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Environment

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Environment

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DL2005Mk010

1 x SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM
1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo Breakout – CCS811/BME280
1 x Adafruit Adalogger FeatherWing – RTC + SD
1 x SparkFun GPS Receiver – GP-20U7
1 x CR1220 12mm Lithium Battery
1 x 32Gb microSD Card
1 x Mountable Slide Switch
1 x SparkFun Rotary Switch – 10 Position
1 x Black Knob
1 x Breadboard Solderable
4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor – MQ-8
1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor – MQ-9
1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor – MQ-7
1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x Qwiic Cable – 100mm
1 x LED Green
11 x 1K Ohm
1 x 4.7K Ohm
2 x 10K Ohm
1 x 20k Ohm
1 x 220k Ohm
10 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
10 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
16 x Wire Solid Core – 22 AWG
2 x Full-Size Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
1 x DC Power Supply

SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM

LEG – Digital 21
SCK – Digital 13
MOS – Digital 12
SSD – Digital 27
SDA – Digital 23
SCL – Digital 22
SD1 – Digital 33
SC2 – Digital 5
MO2 – Digital 18
MI2 – Digital 19
SS1 – Digital 16
ROT – Analog A1
MH1 – Analog A0
MC1 – Analog A2
MC2 – Analog A3
MA1 – Analog A4
GPS – Digital 14
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

DL2005Mk10p.ino

// ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
// Software Version Information
// Project #15: Environment - SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3 - Mk09
// 05-09
// DL2005Mk10p.ino 15-09
// EEPROM with Unique ID
// 1 x SparkFun Thing Plus - ESP32 WROOM
// 1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
// 1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo Breakout - CCS811/BME280
// 1 x Adafruit Adalogger FeatherWing - RTC + SD
// 1 x SparkFun GPS Receiver - GP-20U7
// 1 x CR1220 12mm Lithium Battery
// 1 x 32Gb microSD Card
// 1 x Mountable Slide Switch
// 1 x SparkFun Rotary Switch - 10 Position
// 1 x Black Knob
// 1 x Breadboard Solderable
// 4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
// 1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
// 1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
// 1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
// 1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
// 1 x Qwiic Cable - 100mm
// 1 x LED Green
// 11 x 1K Ohm
// 1 x 4.7K Ohm
// 1 x 10K Ohm
// 1 x 20K Ohm
// 1 x 220k Ohm
// 10 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
// 10 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
// 16 x Wire Solid Core - 22 AWG
// 2 x Full-Size Breadboard
// 1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
// 1 x DC Power Supply

// Include the Library Code
// EEPROM Library to Read and Write EEPROM with Unique ID for Unit
#include "EEPROM.h"
// Wire
#include <Wire.h>
// SHARP Memory Display
#include <Adafruit_SharpMem.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
#include <SparkFunCCS811.h>
// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
#include <SparkFunBME280.h>
// Date and Time
#include "RTClib.h"
// SD Card
#include "FS.h"
#include "SD.h"
#include "SPI.h"
// GPS Receiver
#include <TinyGPS++.h>
// Hardware Serial
#include <HardwareSerial.h>

// LED Green
int iLEDGreen = 21;

// SHARP Memory Display
// any pins can be used
#define SHARP_SCK  13
#define SHARP_MOSI 12
#define SHARP_SS   27
// Set the size of the display here - 144x168
Adafruit_SharpMem display(SHARP_SCK, SHARP_MOSI, SHARP_SS, 144, 168);
// The currently-available SHARP Memory Display (144x168 pixels)
// requires > 4K of microcontroller RAM; it WILL NOT WORK on Arduino Uno
// or other <4K "classic" devices!
#define BLACK 0
#define WHITE 1
// 1/2 of lesser of display width or height
int minorHalfSize; 

// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// Default I2C Address
#define CCS811_ADDR 0x5B 
CCS811 myCCS811(CCS811_ADDR);
float CCS811CO2 = 0;
float CCS811TVOC = 0;

// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
BME280 myBME280;
float BMEtempC = 0;
float BMEhumid = 0;
float BMEaltitudeM = 0;
float BMEpressure = 0;

// Date and Time
// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
RTC_PCF8523 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// microSD Card
const int chipSelect = 33;
String zzzzzz = "";

// Mountable Slide Switch
int iSS1 = 16;
// State
int iSS1State = 0;

// ESP32 HardwareSerial
HardwareSerial tGPS(2);

// GPS Receiver
#define gpsRXPIN 14
// This one is unused and doesnt have a conection
#define gpsTXPIN 32
// The TinyGPS++ object
TinyGPSPlus gps;
float TargetLat;
float TargetLon;
int GPSStatus = 0;

// Rotary Switch - 10 Position
// Number 1 => 10
int iRotNum = A0;
// iRotVal - Value 
int iRotVal = 0;
// Number
int z = 0;
int x = 0;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
int iMQ8 = A1;
int iMQ8Raw = 0;
int iMQ8ppm = 0;
// Two points are taken from the curve in datasheet
// With these two points, a line is formed which is "approximately equivalent" to the original curve
float H2Curve[3] = {2.3, 0.93,-1.44};
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int iMQ9 = A2;
int iMQ9Raw = 0;
int iMQ9ppm = 0;
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int iMQ7 = A3;
int iMQ7Raw = 0;
int iMQ7ppm = 0;
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A4;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "15-09";
// EEPROM Unique ID Information
#define EEPROM_SIZE 64
String uid = "";

void loop() {

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  isGPS();
  
  // Date and Time 
  isRTC();
  
  // SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  isBME280();

  // SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  isCCS811();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // Rotary Switch
  isRot();

  // Slide Switch
  // Read the state of the iSS1 value
  iSS1State = digitalRead(iSS1);
  
  // If it is the Slide Switch State is HIGH
  if (iSS1State == HIGH) {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  HIGH );
    
    // microSD Card
    isSD();

  } else {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  LOW );
  
  }

  delay( 1000 );
  
}

getBME280.ino

// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
// isBME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
void isBME280(){

  // Temperature Celsius
  BMEtempC = myBME280.readTempC();
  // Humidity
  BMEhumid = myBME280.readFloatHumidity();
  // Altitude Meters
  BMEaltitudeM = (myBME280.readFloatAltitudeMeters(), 2);
  // Barometric Pressure
  BMEpressure = myBME280.readFloatPressure();
  
}

getCCS811.ino

// CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// isCCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isCCS811(){

  // This sends the temperature & humidity data to the CCS811
  myCCS811.setEnvironmentalData(BMEhumid, BMEtempC);

  // Calling this function updates the global tVOC and eCO2 variables
  myCCS811.readAlgorithmResults();

  // eCO2 Concentration
  CCS811CO2 = myCCS811.getCO2();
  
  // tVOC Concentration
  CCS811TVOC = myCCS811.getTVOC();
  
}

getDisplay.ino

// Display
// SHARP Memory Display - UID
void isDisplayUID() {

    // Text Display 
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Don Luc Electronics
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Don Luc" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,40);
    display.println( "Electronics" );
    // Version
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.println( "Version" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,100);   
    display.println( sver );
    // EEPROM Unique ID
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( "EEPROM Unique ID" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,145);
    display.println( uid );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );
    
}
// Display Environmental
void isDisplayEnvironmental(){

    // Text Display Environmental
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature Celsius
    display.setCursor(0,0);
    display.println( "Temperature Celsius" );
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.print( BMEtempC );
    display.println( " C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,20);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( BMEhumid );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Altitude Meters
    display.setCursor(0,40);
    display.println( "Altitude Meters" );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.print( BMEaltitudeM );
    display.println( " m" );
    // Pressure
    display.setCursor(0,60);    
    display.println( "Barometric Pressure" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( BMEpressure );
    display.println( " Pa" );
    // eCO2 Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.println( "eCO2 Concentration" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.print( CCS811CO2 );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    // tVOC Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,100);
    display.println( "tVOC Concentration" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( CCS811TVOC );
    display.println( " ppb" );
    // Date
    display.setCursor(0,120);
    display.println( dateRTC );
    // Time
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( timeRTC );
    // GPS Status
    display.setCursor(0,140);
    display.println( GPSStatus );
    // Target Latitude
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.println( TargetLat );
    // Target Longitude
    display.setCursor(0,160);
    display.println( TargetLon );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Date
void isDisplayDate() {

    // Text Display Date
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Date
    display.setCursor(0,5);
    display.println( dateRTC );
    // Time
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.println( timeRTC );
    // GPS Status
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.print( "GPS: " );
    display.println( GPSStatus );
    // Target Latitude
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.println( "Latitude" );
    display.setCursor(0,100);
    display.println( TargetLat );
    // Target Longitude
    display.setCursor(0,120);
    display.println( "Longitude" );
    display.setCursor(0,140);
    display.println( TargetLon );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display BME280
void isDisplayBME280() {

     // Text Display BME280
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature Celsius
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Temperature" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( BMEtempC );
    display.println( " C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( BMEhumid );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Altitude Meters
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.println( "Altitude M" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( BMEaltitudeM );
    display.println( " m" );
    // Pressure
    display.setCursor(0,130);    
    display.println( "Barometric" );
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.print( BMEpressure );
    display.println( "Pa" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isDisplayCCS811() {

    // Text Display CCS811
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // eCO2 Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "eCO2" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( CCS811CO2 );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    // tVOC Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.println( "tVOC" );
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.print( CCS811TVOC );
    display.println( " ppb" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Gas Sensors MQ
void isDisplayMQ() {

    // Text Display MQ
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Gas Sensors MQ
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Gas H2 MQ8" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( iMQ8ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.println( "Gas CO MQ9" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( iMQ9ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.println( "Gas CO MQ7" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( iMQ7ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( "BAC MQ3" );
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.print( iMQ3ppm );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Z
void isDisplayZ() {

    // Text Display Z
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Z
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.print( "Z: " );
    display.println( z );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}

getEEPROM.ino

// EEPROM
// isUID EEPROM Unique ID
void isUID()
{
  
  // Is Unit ID
  uid = "";
  for (int x = 0; x < 5; x++)
  {
    uid = uid + char(EEPROM.read(x));
  }
  
}

getGPS.ino

// GPS Receiver
// Setup GPS
void setupGPS() {

  // Setup GPS
  tGPS.begin(  9600 , SERIAL_8N1, gpsRXPIN, gpsTXPIN );
  
}
// isGPS
void isGPS(){

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  // This sketch displays information every time a new sentence is correctly encoded.
  while ( tGPS.available() > 0)
    if (gps.encode( tGPS.read() ))
    {
     displayInfo();
    }
  
  if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10)
  {
    while(true);
  }

}
// GPS Vector Pointer Target
void displayInfo(){

  // Location
  if (gps.location.isValid())
  {
    
    TargetLat = gps.location.lat();
    TargetLon = gps.location.lng();
    GPSStatus = 2;
    
  }
  else
  {

    GPSStatus = 0;
    
  }

}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  
  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8Raw = analogRead( iMQ8 );

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9Raw = analogRead( iMQ9 );  

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7Raw = analogRead( iMQ7 );

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3Raw = analogRead( iMQ3 );
  
  // Caclulate the PPM of each gas sensors

  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8ppm = isMQ8( iMQ8Raw ); 

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9ppm = isMQ9( iMQ9Raw ); 

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7ppm = isMQ7( iMQ7Raw ); 

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw ); 
  
}
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8 - PPM
int isMQ8(double rawValue) {

  // RvRo
  double RvRo = rawValue * (3.3 / 1023);

  return (pow(4.7,( ((log(RvRo)-H2Curve[1])/H2Curve[2]) + H2Curve[0])));
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int isMQ9(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * (3.3 / 4095);

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int isMQ7(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * (3.3 / 4095);

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * (3.3 / 4095);

  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
void setupRTC() {

  // Date & Time
  // pcf8523 Precision RTC   
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    while (1);
  }  
  
  if (! rtc.initialized()) {
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    // rtc.adjust(DateTime(2018, 9, 29, 12, 17, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;
  
  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;
  
}

getRot.ino

// Rotary Switch
// isRot - iRotVal - Value
void isRot() {

  // Rotary Switch
  z = analogRead( iRotNum );
  x = map(z, 0, 4095, 0, 9);
  iRotVal = map(z, 0, 4095, 0, 10);

  // Range Value
  switch ( iRotVal ) {
    case 0:

      // Display Environmental
      isDisplayEnvironmental();
      
      break;
    case 1:

      // Display Date
      isDisplayDate();
      
      break;
    case 2:

      // Display BME280
      isDisplayBME280();
      
      break;  
    case 3:

      // Display CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
      isDisplayCCS811();
      
      break;
    case 4:

      // Display Gas Sensors MQ
      isDisplayMQ();
      
      break;
    case 5:

      // Display UID
      isDisplayUID();
      
      break;       
    case 6:

      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break; 
    case 7:
         
      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break; 
    case 8:

      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break;
    case 9:

      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break;
  }

}

getSD.ino

// microSD Card
// microSD Setup
void setupSD() {

    // microSD Card
    pinMode( chipSelect , OUTPUT );
    if(!SD.begin( chipSelect )){
        ;  
        return;
    }
    
    uint8_t cardType = SD.cardType();

    if(cardType == CARD_NONE){
        ; 
        return;
    }

    //Serial.print("SD Card Type: ");
    if(cardType == CARD_MMC){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SD){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SDHC){
        ; 
    } else {
        ; 
    } 

    uint64_t cardSize = SD.cardSize() / (1024 * 1024);
  
}
// microSD Card
void isSD() {

  zzzzzz = "";

  // EEPROM Unique ID|Version|Date|Time|GPS Status|Target Latitude|Target Longitude|Temperature Celsius|Humidity|Altitude Meters|Barometric Pressure|eCO2 Concentration|tVOC Concentration|H2 Gas Sensor MQ-8|CO Gas Sensor MQ-9|CO Gas Sensor MQ-7|Alcohol Gas Sensor MQ-3
  zzzzzz = uid + "|" + sver + "|" + dateRTC + "|" + timeRTC + "|" + GPSStatus + "|" + TargetLat + "|" + TargetLon + "|" + BMEtempC + "|" + BMEhumid + "|" + BMEaltitudeM + "|" + BMEpressure + "|" + CCS811CO2 + "|" + CCS811TVOC + "|" + iMQ8ppm + "|" + iMQ9ppm + "|" + iMQ7ppm + "|" + iMQ9ppm + "|" + iMQ3ppm + "|\r";

  char msg[zzzzzz.length() + 1];

  zzzzzz.toCharArray(msg, zzzzzz.length() + 1);

  appendFile(SD, "/espdata.txt", msg );
  
}
// List Dir
void listDir(fs::FS &fs, const char * dirname, uint8_t levels){
    
    dirname;
    
    File root = fs.open(dirname);
    
    if(!root){
        return;
    }
    
    if(!root.isDirectory()){
        return;
    }

    File file = root.openNextFile();
    
    while(file){
        if(file.isDirectory()){
            file.name();
            if(levels){
                listDir(fs, file.name(), levels -1);
            }
        } else {
            file.name();
            file.size();
        }
        file = root.openNextFile();
    }
    
}
// Write File
void writeFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_WRITE);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}
// Append File
void appendFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_APPEND);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // EEPROM Size
  EEPROM.begin(EEPROM_SIZE);
  
  // EEPROM Unique ID
  isUID();
  
  // GPS Receiver
  // Setup GPS
  setupGPS();
  
  // SHARP Display Start & Clear the Display
  display.begin();
  // Clear Display
  display.clearDisplay();
  
  // Display UID
  isDisplayUID();

  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  myBME280.begin();
  
  // CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  myCCS811.begin();

  // Initialize the LED Green
  pinMode(iLEDGreen, OUTPUT);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // PCF8523 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Date & Time
  isRTC();
  
  // microSD Card
  setupSD();

  // Slide Switch
  pinMode(iSS1, INPUT);

  delay( 5000 );

}

Technology Experience

  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Desktop Applications (Windows, OSX, Linux, Multi-OS, Multi-Tier, etc…)
  • Mobile Applications (Android, iOS, Blackberry, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, etc…)
  • Web Applications (LAMP, Scripting, Java, ASP, ASP.NET, RoR, Wakanda, etc…)
  • Social Media Programming & Integration (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Pinterest, etc…)
  • Content Management Systems (WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, Moodle, etc…)
  • Bulletin Boards (phpBB, SMF, Vanilla, jobberBase, etc…)
  • eCommerce (WooCommerce, OSCommerce, ZenCart, PayPal Shopping Cart, etc…)

Instructor

  • DOS, Windows, OSX, Linux, iOS, Android, Multi-OS
  • Linux-Apache-PHP-MySQL
  • Robotics
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif

Follow Us

The Alpha Geek

Why “The Alpha Geek”?

Aphasia

Don Luc Aphasia

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae
http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/LucPaquinCVEngMk2020a.pdf

Web: http://www.donluc.com/
Web: http://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Web: http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/
Web: https://www.hackster.io/neosteam-labs
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/

Don Luc

Project #14: Components – SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3 – Mk18

——

#DonLuc #Electronics #Components #MQ3 #Microcontrollers #Environment #SparkFun #Consultant #Vlog #Aphasia

——

Components

——

Components

——

SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3

SparkFun Item: SEN-08880

This alcohol sensor is suitable for detecting alcohol concentration on your breath, just like your common breathalyzer. It has a high sensitivity and fast response time. Sensor provides an analog resistive output based on alcohol concentration. The drive circuit is very simple, all it needs is one resistor. A simple interface could be a 0-5V ADC. This sensor has a high sensitivity and fast response time. The sensor’s output is an analog resistance. The drive circuit is very simple; all you need to do is power the heater coil with 5V, add a load resistance, and connect the output to an ADC. This semiconductor gas sensor detects the presence of alcohol gas at concentrations from 0.04 mg/L to 4 mg/L, a range suitable for making a breathalyser. The sensor’s simple analog voltage interface requires only one analog input pin from your microcontroller.

To calculate estimated peak blood alcohol concentration (EBAC), a variation, including drinking period in hours, of the Widmark formula was used. The formula is:

EBAC = ( 0.806 × SD × 1.2 BW × Wt \ MR × DP ) × 10

Where:

-0.806 is a constant for body water in the blood (mean 80.6%)
-SD is the number of standard drinks, that being 10 grams of ethanol each
-1.2 is a factor to convert the amount in grams
-BW is a body water constant (0.58 for males and 0.49 for females)
-Wt is body weight (kilogram)
-MR is the metabolism constant (0.015 for males and 0.017 for females)
-DP is the drinking period in hours
-10 converts the result to permillage of alcohol

BAC% = Breath mg/L * 0.21

1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
3 x Break Away Headers – Straight
1 x 220k Ohm

Technology Experience

  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Desktop Applications (Windows, OSX, Linux, Multi-OS, Multi-Tier, etc…)
  • Mobile Applications (Android, iOS, Blackberry, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, etc…)
  • Web Applications (LAMP, Scripting, Java, ASP, ASP.NET, RoR, Wakanda, etc…)
  • Social Media Programming & Integration (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Pinterest, etc…)
  • Content Management Systems (WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, Moodle, etc…)
  • Bulletin Boards (phpBB, SMF, Vanilla, jobberBase, etc…)
  • eCommerce (WooCommerce, OSCommerce, ZenCart, PayPal Shopping Cart, etc…)

Instructor

  • DOS, Windows, OSX, Linux, iOS, Android, Multi-OS
  • Linux-Apache-PHP-MySQL
  • Robotics
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif

Follow Us

The Alpha Geek

Why “The Alpha Geek”?

Aphasia

Don Luc Aphasia

J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae
http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/LucPaquinCVEngMk2020a.pdf

Web: http://www.donluc.com/
Web: http://www.jlpconsultants.com/
Web: http://www.donluc.com/DLHackster/
Web: https://www.hackster.io/neosteam-labs
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/neosteam.labs.9/
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC5eRjrGn1CqkkGfZy0jxEdA
Twitter: https://twitter.com/labs_steam
Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/NeoSteamLabs/

Don Luc

Project #15: Environment – SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor – MQ-7 – Mk08

——

#DonLuc #Environment #Microcontrollers #ESP32 #MQ-X #GPS #SparkFun #Adafruit #Pololu #Fritzing #Programming #Arduino #Electronics #Consultant #Vlog #Aphasia

——

Environment

——

Environment

——

Environment

——

DL2005Mk08

1 x SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM
1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo Breakout – CCS811/BME280
1 x Adafruit Adalogger FeatherWing – RTC + SD
1 x SparkFun GPS Receiver – GP-20U7
1 x CR1220 12mm Lithium Battery
1 x 32Gb microSD Card
1 x Mountable Slide Switch
1 x SparkFun Rotary Switch – 10 Position
1 x Black Knob
1 x Breadboard Solderable
3 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor – MQ-8
1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor – MQ-9
1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor – MQ-7
1 x Qwiic Cable – 100mm
1 x LED Green
11 x 1K Ohm
1 x 4.7K Ohm
2 x 10K Ohm
1 x 20k Ohm
8 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
9 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
16 x Wire Solid Core – 22 AWG
2 x Full-Size Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
1 x DC Power Supply

SparkFun Thing Plus – ESP32 WROOM

LEG – Digital 21
SCK – Digital 13
MOS – Digital 12
SSD – Digital 27
SDA – Digital 23
SCL – Digital 22
SD1 – Digital 33
SC2 – Digital 5
MO2 – Digital 18
MI2 – Digital 19
SS1 – Digital 16
ROT – Analog A0
MH1 – Analog A1
MC1 – Analog A2
MC2 – Analog A3
GPS – Digital 14
VIN – +3.3V
GND – GND

DL2005Mk08p.ino

// ***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
// Software Version Information
// Project #15: Environment - SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7 - Mk08
// 05-08
// DL2005Mk08p.ino 15-08
// EEPROM with Unique ID
// 1 x SparkFun Thing Plus - ESP32 WROOM
// 1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
// 1 x SparkFun Environmental Combo Breakout - CCS811/BME280
// 1 x Adafruit Adalogger FeatherWing - RTC + SD
// 1 x SparkFun GPS Receiver - GP-20U7
// 1 x CR1220 12mm Lithium Battery
// 1 x 32Gb microSD Card
// 1 x Mountable Slide Switch
// 1 x SparkFun Rotary Switch - 10 Position
// 1 x Black Knob
// 1 x Breadboard Solderable
// 3 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
// 1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
// 1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
// 1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
// 1 x Qwiic Cable - 100mm
// 1 x LED Green
// 11 x 1K Ohm
// 1 x 4.7K Ohm
// 1 x 10K Ohm
// 1 x 20K Ohm
// 8 x Jumper Wires 3in M/M
// 9 x Jumper Wires 6in M/M
// 16 x Wire Solid Core - 22 AWG
// 2 x Full-Size Breadboard
// 1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
// 1 x DC Power Supply

// Include the Library Code
// EEPROM Library to Read and Write EEPROM with Unique ID for Unit
#include "EEPROM.h"
// Wire
#include <Wire.h>
// SHARP Memory Display
#include <Adafruit_SharpMem.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
#include <SparkFunCCS811.h>
// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
#include <SparkFunBME280.h>
// Date and Time
#include "RTClib.h"
// SD Card
#include "FS.h"
#include "SD.h"
#include "SPI.h"
// GPS Receiver
#include <TinyGPS++.h>
// Hardware Serial
#include <HardwareSerial.h>

// LED Green
int iLEDGreen = 21;

// SHARP Memory Display
// any pins can be used
#define SHARP_SCK  13
#define SHARP_MOSI 12
#define SHARP_SS   27
// Set the size of the display here - 144x168
Adafruit_SharpMem display(SHARP_SCK, SHARP_MOSI, SHARP_SS, 144, 168);
// The currently-available SHARP Memory Display (144x168 pixels)
// requires > 4K of microcontroller RAM; it WILL NOT WORK on Arduino Uno
// or other <4K "classic" devices!
#define BLACK 0
#define WHITE 1
// 1/2 of lesser of display width or height
int minorHalfSize; 

// SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// Default I2C Address
#define CCS811_ADDR 0x5B 
CCS811 myCCS811(CCS811_ADDR);
float CCS811CO2 = 0;
float CCS811TVOC = 0;

// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
BME280 myBME280;
float BMEtempC = 0;
float BMEhumid = 0;
float BMEaltitudeM = 0;
float BMEpressure = 0;

// Date and Time
// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
RTC_PCF8523 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// microSD Card
const int chipSelect = 33;
String zzzzzz = "";

// Mountable Slide Switch
int iSS1 = 16;
// State
int iSS1State = 0;

// ESP32 HardwareSerial
HardwareSerial tGPS(2);

// GPS Receiver
#define gpsRXPIN 14
// This one is unused and doesnt have a conection
#define gpsTXPIN 32
// The TinyGPS++ object
TinyGPSPlus gps;
float TargetLat;
float TargetLon;
int GPSStatus = 0;

// Rotary Switch - 10 Position
// Number 1 => 10
int iRotNum = A0;
// iRotVal - Value 
int iRotVal = 0;
// Number
int z = 0;
int x = 0;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
int iMQ8 = A1;
int iMQ8Raw = 0;
int iMQ8ppm = 0;
// Two points are taken from the curve in datasheet
// With these two points, a line is formed which is "approximately equivalent" to the original curve
float H2Curve[3] = {2.3, 0.93,-1.44};
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int iMQ9 = A2;
int iMQ9Raw = 0;
int iMQ9ppm = 0;
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int iMQ7 = A3;
int iMQ7Raw = 0;
int iMQ7ppm = 0;

// Software Version Information
String sver = "15-08";
// EEPROM Unique ID Information
#define EEPROM_SIZE 64
String uid = "";

void loop() {

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  isGPS();
  
  // Date and Time 
  isRTC();
  
  // SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  isBME280();

  // SparkFun CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  isCCS811();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // Rotary Switch
  isRot();

  // Slide Switch
  // Read the state of the iSS1 value
  iSS1State = digitalRead(iSS1);
  
  // If it is the Slide Switch State is HIGH
  if (iSS1State == HIGH) {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  HIGH );
    
    // microSD Card
    isSD();

  } else {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  LOW );
  
  }

  delay( 1000 );
  
}

getBME280.ino

// SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
// isBME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
void isBME280(){

  // Temperature Celsius
  BMEtempC = myBME280.readTempC();
  // Humidity
  BMEhumid = myBME280.readFloatHumidity();
  // Altitude Meters
  BMEaltitudeM = (myBME280.readFloatAltitudeMeters(), 2);
  // Barometric Pressure
  BMEpressure = myBME280.readFloatPressure();
  
}

getCCS811.ino

// CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
// isCCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isCCS811(){

  // This sends the temperature & humidity data to the CCS811
  myCCS811.setEnvironmentalData(BMEhumid, BMEtempC);

  // Calling this function updates the global tVOC and eCO2 variables
  myCCS811.readAlgorithmResults();

  // eCO2 Concentration
  CCS811CO2 = myCCS811.getCO2();
  
  // tVOC Concentration
  CCS811TVOC = myCCS811.getTVOC();
  
}

getDisplay.ino

// Display
// SHARP Memory Display - UID
void isDisplayUID() {

    // Text Display 
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Don Luc Electronics
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Don Luc" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,40);
    display.println( "Electronics" );
    // Version
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.println( "Version" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,100);   
    display.println( sver );
    // EEPROM Unique ID
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( "EEPROM Unique ID" );
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setCursor(0,145);
    display.println( uid );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );
    
}
// Display Environmental
void isDisplayEnvironmental(){

    // Text Display Environmental
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature Celsius
    display.setCursor(0,0);
    display.println( "Temperature Celsius" );
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.print( BMEtempC );
    display.println( " C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,20);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( BMEhumid );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Altitude Meters
    display.setCursor(0,40);
    display.println( "Altitude Meters" );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.print( BMEaltitudeM );
    display.println( " m" );
    // Pressure
    display.setCursor(0,60);    
    display.println( "Barometric Pressure" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( BMEpressure );
    display.println( " Pa" );
    // eCO2 Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.println( "eCO2 Concentration" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.print( CCS811CO2 );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    // tVOC Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,100);
    display.println( "tVOC Concentration" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( CCS811TVOC );
    display.println( " ppb" );
    // Date
    display.setCursor(0,120);
    display.println( dateRTC );
    // Time
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.println( timeRTC );
    // GPS Status
    display.setCursor(0,140);
    display.println( GPSStatus );
    // Target Latitude
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.println( TargetLat );
    // Target Longitude
    display.setCursor(0,160);
    display.println( TargetLon );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Date
void isDisplayDate() {

    // Text Display Date
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Date
    display.setCursor(0,5);
    display.println( dateRTC );
    // Time
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.println( timeRTC );
    // GPS Status
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.print( "GPS: " );
    display.println( GPSStatus );
    // Target Latitude
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.println( "Latitude" );
    display.setCursor(0,100);
    display.println( TargetLat );
    // Target Longitude
    display.setCursor(0,120);
    display.println( "Longitude" );
    display.setCursor(0,140);
    display.println( TargetLon );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display BME280
void isDisplayBME280() {

     // Text Display BME280
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Temperature Celsius
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Temperature" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( BMEtempC );
    display.println( " C" );
    // Humidity
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.println( "Humidity" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.print( BMEhumid );
    display.println( "%" );
    // Altitude Meters
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.println( "Altitude M" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.print( BMEaltitudeM );
    display.println( " m" );
    // Pressure
    display.setCursor(0,130);    
    display.println( "Barometric" );
    display.setCursor(0,150);
    display.print( BMEpressure );
    display.println( "Pa" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
void isDisplayCCS811() {

    // Text Display CCS811
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // eCO2 Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "eCO2" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.print( CCS811CO2 );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    // tVOC Concentration
    display.setCursor(0,60);
    display.println( "tVOC" );
    display.setCursor(0,80);
    display.print( CCS811TVOC );
    display.println( " ppb" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Gas Sensors MQ
void isDisplayMQ() {

    // Text Display MQ
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Gas Sensors MQ
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.println( "Gas Sensors" );
    display.setCursor(0,30);
    display.println( "Gas H2 MQ8" );
    display.setCursor(0,50);
    display.print( iMQ8ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,70);
    display.println( "Gas CO MQ9" );
    display.setCursor(0,90);
    display.print( iMQ9ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    display.setCursor(0,110);
    display.println( "Gas CO MQ7" );
    display.setCursor(0,130);
    display.print( iMQ7ppm );
    display.println( " ppm" );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}
// Display Z
void isDisplayZ() {

    // Text Display Z
    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(3);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    // Z
    display.setCursor(0,10);
    display.print( "Z: " );
    display.println( z );
    // Refresh
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );

}

getEEPROM.ino

// EEPROM
// isUID EEPROM Unique ID
void isUID()
{
  
  // Is Unit ID
  uid = "";
  for (int x = 0; x < 5; x++)
  {
    uid = uid + char(EEPROM.read(x));
  }
  
}

getGPS.ino

// GPS Receiver
// Setup GPS
void setupGPS() {

  // Setup GPS
  tGPS.begin(  9600 , SERIAL_8N1, gpsRXPIN, gpsTXPIN );
  
}
// isGPS
void isGPS(){

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  // This sketch displays information every time a new sentence is correctly encoded.
  while ( tGPS.available() > 0)
    if (gps.encode( tGPS.read() ))
    {
     displayInfo();
    }
  
  if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10)
  {
    while(true);
  }

}
// GPS Vector Pointer Target
void displayInfo(){

  // Location
  if (gps.location.isValid())
  {
    
    TargetLat = gps.location.lat();
    TargetLon = gps.location.lng();
    GPSStatus = 2;
    
  }
  else
  {

    GPSStatus = 0;
    
  }

}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  
  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8Raw = analogRead( iMQ8 );

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9Raw = analogRead( iMQ9 );  

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7Raw = analogRead( iMQ7 );
  
  // Caclulate the PPM of each gas sensors

  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  isMQ8(); 

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  isMQ9(); 

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  isMQ7(); 
  
}
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8 - PPM
void isMQ8() {

  double RvRo = iMQ8Raw * (3.3 / 1023);

  iMQ8ppm = (pow(4.7,( ((log(RvRo)-H2Curve[1])/H2Curve[2]) + H2Curve[0])));
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
void isMQ9() {

  double RvRo = iMQ9Raw * (3.3 / 4095);

  iMQ9ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int isMQ7() {

  double RvRo = iMQ7Raw * (3.3 / 4095);

  iMQ7ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  
}

getRTC.ino

// Date & Time
// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
void setupRTC() {

  // Date & Time
  // pcf8523 Precision RTC   
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    while (1);
  }  
  
  if (! rtc.initialized()) {
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    // rtc.adjust(DateTime(2018, 9, 29, 12, 17, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  dateRTC = "";
  timeRTC = "";
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;
  
  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;
  
}

getRot.ino

// Rotary Switch
// isRot - iRotVal - Value
void isRot() {

  // Rotary Switch
  z = analogRead( iRotNum );
  x = map(z, 0, 4095, 0, 9);
  iRotVal = map(z, 0, 4095, 0, 10);
  
  // Range Value
  switch ( iRotVal ) {
    case 0:

      // Display Environmental
      isDisplayEnvironmental();
      
      break;
    case 1:

      // Display Date
      isDisplayDate();
      
      break;
    case 2:

      // Display BME280
      isDisplayBME280();
      
      break;  
    case 3:

      // Display CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
      isDisplayCCS811();
      
      break;
    case 4:

      // Display Gas Sensors MQ
      isDisplayMQ();
      
      break;
    case 5:

      // Display UID
      isDisplayUID();
      
      break;       
    case 6:

      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break; 
    case 7:
         
      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break; 
    case 8:

      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break;
    case 9:

      // Z
      isDisplayZ();
      
      break;
  }

}

getSD.ino

// microSD Card
// microSD Setup
void setupSD() {

    // microSD Card
    pinMode( chipSelect , OUTPUT );
    if(!SD.begin( chipSelect )){
        ;  
        return;
    }
    
    uint8_t cardType = SD.cardType();

    if(cardType == CARD_NONE){
        ; 
        return;
    }

    //Serial.print("SD Card Type: ");
    if(cardType == CARD_MMC){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SD){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SDHC){
        ; 
    } else {
        ; 
    } 

    uint64_t cardSize = SD.cardSize() / (1024 * 1024);
  
}
// microSD Card
void isSD() {

  zzzzzz = "";

  // EEPROM Unique ID|Version|Date|Time|GPS Status|Target Latitude|Target Longitude|Temperature Celsius|Humidity|Altitude Meters|Barometric Pressure|eCO2 Concentration|tVOC Concentration|H2 Gas Sensor MQ-8|CO Gas Sensor MQ-9|CO Gas Sensor MQ-7
  zzzzzz = uid + "|" + sver + "|" + dateRTC + "|" + timeRTC + "|" + GPSStatus + "|" + TargetLat + "|" + TargetLon + "|" + BMEtempC + "|" + BMEhumid + "|" + BMEaltitudeM + "|" + BMEpressure + "|" + CCS811CO2 + "|" + CCS811TVOC + "|" + iMQ8ppm + "|" + iMQ9ppm + "|" + iMQ7ppm + "|\r";

  char msg[zzzzzz.length() + 1];

  zzzzzz.toCharArray(msg, zzzzzz.length() + 1);

  appendFile(SD, "/espdata.txt", msg );
  
}
// List Dir
void listDir(fs::FS &fs, const char * dirname, uint8_t levels){
    
    dirname;
    
    File root = fs.open(dirname);
    
    if(!root){
        return;
    }
    
    if(!root.isDirectory()){
        return;
    }

    File file = root.openNextFile();
    
    while(file){
        if(file.isDirectory()){
            file.name();
            if(levels){
                listDir(fs, file.name(), levels -1);
            }
        } else {
            file.name();
            file.size();
        }
        file = root.openNextFile();
    }
    
}
// Write File
void writeFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_WRITE);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}
// Append File
void appendFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    
    path;
    
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_APPEND);
    
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    
    file.close();
    
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // EEPROM Size
  EEPROM.begin(EEPROM_SIZE);
  
  // EEPROM Unique ID
  isUID();
  
  // GPS Receiver
  // Setup GPS
  setupGPS();
  
  // SHARP Display Start & Clear the Display
  display.begin();
  // Clear Display
  display.clearDisplay();
  
  // Display UID
  isDisplayUID();

  // Wire - Inialize I2C Hardware
  Wire.begin();

  // SparkFun BME280 - Humidity, Temperature, Altitude and Barometric Pressure
  myBME280.begin();
  
  // CCS811 - eCO2 & tVOC
  myCCS811.begin();

  // Initialize the LED Green
  pinMode(iLEDGreen, OUTPUT);

  // Date & Time RTC
  // PCF8523 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
  // Date & Time
  isRTC();
  
  // microSD Card
  setupSD();

  // Slide Switch
  pinMode(iSS1, INPUT);

  delay( 5000 );

}

Technology Experience

  • Research & Development (R & D)
  • Desktop Applications (Windows, OSX, Linux, Multi-OS, Multi-Tier, etc…)
  • Mobile Applications (Android, iOS, Blackberry, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, etc…)
  • Web Applications (LAMP, Scripting, Java, ASP, ASP.NET, RoR, Wakanda, etc…)
  • Social Media Programming & Integration (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Pinterest, etc…)
  • Content Management Systems (WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, Moodle, etc…)
  • Bulletin Boards (phpBB, SMF, Vanilla, jobberBase, etc…)
  • eCommerce (WooCommerce, OSCommerce, ZenCart, PayPal Shopping Cart, etc…)

Instructor

  • DOS, Windows, OSX, Linux, iOS, Android, Multi-OS
  • Linux-Apache-PHP-MySQL
  • Robotics
  • Arduino
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Espressif

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J. Luc Paquin – Curriculum Vitae
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