Project #15: Environment – HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor – Mk18

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#DonLucElectronics #DonLuc #Environment #MQ #PIR #HCSR04 #RHT03 #RTC #ArduinoUNO #Arduino #AdafruitPowerBoost #Project #Programming #Electronics #Microcontrollers #Consultant

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HC-SR04

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HC-SR04

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HC-SR04

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HC-SR04

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HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor

This is the HC-SR04 ultrasonic distance sensor. This economical sensor provides 2cm to 400cm of non-contact measurement functionality with a ranging accuracy that can reach up to 3mm. Each HC-SR04 module includes an ultrasonic transmitter, a receiver and a control circuit.

There are only four pins that you need to worry about on the HC-SR04: VCC (Power), Trig (Trigger), Echo (Receive), and GND (Ground). You will find this sensor very easy to set up and use for your next range-finding project. This sensor has additional control circuitry that can prevent inconsistent “bouncy” data depending on the application.

DL2110Mk05

1 x Arduino UNO – R3
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x RGB LCD Shield 16×2 Character Negative Display
1 x HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
1 x ChronoDot – Ultra-Precise Real Time Clock – v2.1
1 x CR1632 Batteries
1 x MicroSD Card Breakout Board+
1 x MicroSD 2.0 GB
1 x Rocker Switch – SPST (Round)
1 x 10K Ohm
1 x LED Green
1 x 220 Ohm
1 x Adafruit PowerBoost 500 Shield
1 x Lithium Ion Battery – 3.7v 2000mAh
4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor – MQ-8
1 x 4.7K Ohm
1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor – MQ-9
1 x 22k Ohm
1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor – MQ-7
1 x 10K Ohm
1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor – MQ-3
1 x 220k Ohm
1 x Temperature and Humidity Sensor- RHT03
1 x PIR Motion Sensor (JST)
1 x SparkFun Solderable Half-Breadboard
1 x Half-Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Arduino UNO – R3

CLK – Digital 13
DO – Digital 12
DI – Digital 11
CS – Digital 10
ECH – Digital 9
TIR – Digital 8
PIR – Digital 7
RHT – Digital 5
RS0 – Digital 3
LEG – Digital 2
MQ8 – Analog 0
MQ9 – Analog 1
MQ7 – Analog 2
MQ3 – Analog 3
SDA – Analog 4
SCL – Analog 5
VIN – +5V
GND – GND

DL2110Mk05p.ino

/* 
***** Don Luc Electronics © *****
Software Version Information
Project #15: Environment – HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor – Mk18
10-05
DL2110Mk05p.ino
1 x Arduino UNO - R3
1 x ProtoScrewShield
1 x RGB LCD Shield 16x2 Character Negative Display
1 x HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
1 x ChronoDot - Ultra-Precise Real Time Clock - v2.1
1 x CR1632 Batteries
1 x MicroSD Card Breakout Board+
1 x MicroSD 2.0 GB
1 x Rocker Switch - SPST (Round)
1 x 10K Ohm
1 x LED Green
1 x 220 Ohm
1 x Adafruit PowerBoost 500 Shield
1 x Lithium Ion Battery - 3.7v 2000mAh
4 x Pololu Carrier for MQ Gas Sensors
1 x SparkFun Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
1 x 4.7K Ohm
1 x Pololu Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
1 x 22k Ohm
1 x SparkFun Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
1 x 10K Ohm
1 x SparkFun Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
1 x 220k Ohm
1 x Temperature and Humidity Sensor - RHT03
1 x PIR Motion Sensor (JST)
1 x SparkFun Solderable Half-Breadboard
1 x Half-Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable
*/

// Include the Library Code
// EEPROM Library to Read and Write EEPROM with Unique ID for Unit
#include <EEPROM.h>
// RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
#include <SparkFun_RHT03.h>
// Adafruit RGB LCD Shield 16x2
#include <Adafruit_RGBLCDShield.h>
// Wire
#include <Wire.h>
// DS3231 RTC Date and Time
#include <RTClib.h>
// SD Card
#include <SPI.h>
#include <SD.h>

// RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
// RHT03 data pin Digital 5
const int RHT03_DATA_PIN = 5;
// This creates a RTH03 object, which we'll use to interact with the sensor
RHT03 rht;
float latestHumidity;
float latestTempC;

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
int iMQ8 = A0;
int iMQ8Raw = 0;
int iMQ8ppm = 0;
// Two points are taken from the curve in datasheet.
// With these two points, a line is formed which is
// "approximately equivalent" to the original curve.
float H2Curve[3] = {2.3, 0.93,-1.44};

// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int iMQ9 = A1;
int iMQ9Raw = 0;
int iMQ9ppm = 0;

// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int iMQ7 = A2;
int iMQ7Raw = 0;
int iMQ7ppm = 0;

// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int iMQ3 = A3;
int iMQ3Raw = 0;
int iMQ3ppm = 0;

// PIR Motion
// Motion detector
const int iMotion = 7;
// Proximity
int proximity = LOW;
String Det = "";

// Adafruit RGB LCD Shield
Adafruit_RGBLCDShield RGBLCDShield = Adafruit_RGBLCDShield();
// These #defines make it easy to set the backlight color
#define OFF 0x0
#define RED 0x1
#define YELLOW 0x3
#define GREEN 0x2
#define TEAL 0x6
#define BLUE 0x4
#define VIOLET 0x5
#define WHITE 0x7
// Momentary Button
int yy = 0;
uint8_t momentaryButton = 0;

// DS3231 RTC Date and Time
RTC_DS3231 rtc;
String sDate;
String sTime;

// SD Card
const int chipSelect = 10;
String zzzzzz = "";

// LED Green
int iLEDGreen = 2;

// Rocker Switch - SPST (Round)
int iSS1 = 3;
// State
int iSS1State = 0;

// HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
int iTrig = 8;
int iEcho = 9;
// Stores the distance measured by the distance sensor
float distance = 0;

// Software Version Information
String uid = "";
// Version
String sver = "15-18";

void loop()
{
     
  // Adafruit RGB LCD Shield
  // Clear
  RGBLCDShield.clear();

  // iLEDGreen LOW
  digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  LOW );
  
  // RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
  isRHT03();

  // Gas Sensors MQ
  isGasSensor();

  // isPIR Motion
  isPIR();

  // DS3231 RTC Date and Time
  isRTC();
  
  // HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
  isHCSR04();

  // Adafruit RGB LCD Shield
  // Display
  isDisplay();

  // Slide Switch
  // Read the state of the iSS1 value
  iSS1State = digitalRead(iSS1);
  
  // If it is the Slide Switch State is HIGH
  if (iSS1State == HIGH) {

    // iLEDGreen HIGH
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  HIGH );
    
    // MicroSD Card
    isSD();

  } else {

    // iLEDGreen LOW
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  LOW );
  
  }

  // Delay
  delay( 500 );
 
}

getEEPROM.ino

// EEPROM
// isUID EEPROM Unique ID
void isUID()
{
  
  // Is Unit ID
  uid = "";
  for (int x = 0; x < 5; x++)
  {
    uid = uid + char(EEPROM.read(x));
  }
  
}

getGasSensorMQ.ino

// Gas Sensors MQ
// Gas Sensor
void isGasSensor() {

  // Read in analog value from each gas sensors
  
  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8Raw = analogRead( iMQ8 );

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9Raw = analogRead( iMQ9 );  

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7Raw = analogRead( iMQ7 );

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3Raw = analogRead( iMQ3 );
  
  // Caclulate the PPM of each gas sensors

  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  iMQ8ppm = isMQ8( iMQ8Raw );

  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  iMQ9ppm = isMQ9( iMQ9Raw ); 

  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  iMQ7ppm = isMQ7( iMQ7Raw ); 

  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  iMQ3ppm = isMQ3( iMQ3Raw ); 

}
// Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8 - PPM
int isMQ8(double rawValue) {

  // RvRo
  double RvRo = rawValue * (3.3 / 1023);

  return (pow(4.7,( ((log(RvRo)-H2Curve[1])/H2Curve[2]) + H2Curve[0])));
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
int isMQ9(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
int isMQ7(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double ppm = 3.027*exp(1.0698*( RvRo ));
  return ppm;
  
}
// Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
int isMQ3(double rawValue) {

  double RvRo = rawValue * 3.3 / 4095;

  double bac = RvRo * 0.21;
  return bac;
  
}

getHC-SR04.ino

// HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
// Setup HC-SR04
void setupHCSR04() {

  // The trigger iTrig will output pulses of electricity
  pinMode(iTrig, OUTPUT);
  // The echo iEcho will measure the duration of pulses coming back from the distance sensor
  pinMode(iEcho, INPUT);
  
}
// HC-SR04
void isHCSR04() {

  // Variable to store the distance measured by the sensor
  distance = isDistance();
    
}
// Distance
float isDistance() {
  
  // Variable to store the time it takes for a ping to bounce off an object
  float echoTime;
  // Variable to store the distance calculated from the echo time
  float calculatedDistance;

  // Send out an ultrasonic pulse that's 10ms long
  digitalWrite(iTrig, HIGH);
  delayMicroseconds(10);
  digitalWrite(iTrig, LOW);

  // Use the pulseIn command to see how long it takes for the
  // pulse to bounce back to the sensor
  echoTime = pulseIn(iEcho, HIGH);

  // Calculate the distance of the object that reflected the pulse
  // (half the bounce time multiplied by the speed of sound)
  // cm = 58.0
  calculatedDistance = echoTime / 58.0;

  // Send back the distance that was calculated
  return calculatedDistance;
  
}

getPIR.ino

// PIR Motion
// Setup PIR
void setupPIR() {

  // Setup PIR Montion
  pinMode(iMotion, INPUT_PULLUP);
  
}
// isPIR Motion
void isPIR() {

  // Proximity
  proximity = digitalRead(iMotion);
  if (proximity == LOW) 
  {

    // PIR Motion Sensor's LOW, Motion is detected
    Det = "Motion Yes";

  }
  else
  {

    // PIR Motion Sensor's HIGH
    Det = "No";
    
  }
  
}

getRGBLCDShield.ino

// Adafruit RGB LCD Shield
// Setup RGB LCD Shield
void isSetupRGBLCDShield() {

  // Adafruit RGB LCD Shield
  // Set up the LCD's number of columns and rows: 
  RGBLCDShield.begin(16, 2);

  // Set the cursor to column 0, line 0
  RGBLCDShield.setBacklight(RED);
  // Don luc 
  RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0,0);
  RGBLCDShield.print("Don Luc");
  // Set the cursor to column 0, line 1
  RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0, 1);
  // Electronics
  RGBLCDShield.print("Electronics");
  // Delay
  delay(5000);
  // Clear
  RGBLCDShield.clear();

  // Set the cursor to column 0, line 0
  RGBLCDShield.setBacklight(TEAL);
  // Version 
  RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0,0);
  RGBLCDShield.print("Version: " + sver);
  // Set the cursor to column 0, line 1
  RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0, 1);
  // Unit ID
  RGBLCDShield.print("Unit ID: " + uid);
  // Delay
  delay(5000);
  // Clear
  RGBLCDShield.clear();
  
}
// isDisplay
void isDisplay() {

  // Momentary Button
  momentaryButton = RGBLCDShield.readButtons();

  switch ( yy ) {
    case 1:
    
      // RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 0
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0,0);
      // Temperature C
      RGBLCDShield.print( "Temp C: " );
      RGBLCDShield.print( latestTempC );
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 1
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0, 1);
      // Humidity
      RGBLCDShield.print( "Humidity: " );
      RGBLCDShield.print( latestHumidity );

      break;
    case 2:
    
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 0
      // PIR Motion Sensor
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0,0);
      RGBLCDShield.print( "PIR: " );
      RGBLCDShield.print( Det );
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 1
      // HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0, 1);
      RGBLCDShield.print( "HC-SR04: " );
      RGBLCDShield.print( distance );
      
      break;
    case 3:

      // Gas Sensors 1
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 0
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0,0);
      // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
      RGBLCDShield.print( "MQ-8: " );
      RGBLCDShield.print( iMQ8ppm );
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 1
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0, 1);
      // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
      RGBLCDShield.print( "MQ-9: " );
      RGBLCDShield.print( iMQ9ppm );
      
      break;
    case 4:

      // Gas Sensors 2
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 0
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0,0);
      // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
      RGBLCDShield.print( "MQ-7: " );
      RGBLCDShield.print( iMQ7ppm );
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 1
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0, 1);
      // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
      RGBLCDShield.print( "MQ-3: " );
      RGBLCDShield.print( iMQ3ppm );
      
      break;
    case 5:

      // DS3231 RTC Date and Time
      // Date and Time
      DateTime now = rtc.now();
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 0
      // Date 
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0,0);
      RGBLCDShield.print( sDate );
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 1
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0, 1);
      // Time
      RGBLCDShield.print( sTime );
      
      break;
    default:

      // Don luc Electronics
      yy = 5;
      RGBLCDShield.setBacklight(RED);
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 0
      // Don luc 
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0,0);
      RGBLCDShield.print("Don Luc");
      // Set the cursor to column 0, line 1
      RGBLCDShield.setCursor(0, 1);
      // Electronics
      RGBLCDShield.print("Electronics");

   }
   
   if ( momentaryButton ) {
    
    if ( momentaryButton & BUTTON_UP ) {
      
      yy = 1;
      // RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
      RGBLCDShield.setBacklight(GREEN);
      
    }
    
    if ( momentaryButton & BUTTON_DOWN ) {
      
      yy = 2;
      // PIR Motion Sensor
      RGBLCDShield.setBacklight(VIOLET);
      
    }
    
    if ( momentaryButton & BUTTON_LEFT ) {
      
      yy = 3;
      // Gas Sensors 1
      RGBLCDShield.setBacklight(TEAL);
      
    }
    
    if ( momentaryButton & BUTTON_RIGHT ) {

      yy = 4;
      // Gas Sensors 2
      RGBLCDShield.setBacklight(YELLOW);
    }
    
    if ( momentaryButton & BUTTON_SELECT ) {

      yy = 5;
      // DS3231 RTC Date and Time
      RGBLCDShield.setBacklight(WHITE);
   
    }
    
  }
  
}

getRHT.ino

// RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
// setup RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
void setupRTH03() {

  // RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
  // Call rht.begin() to initialize the sensor and our data pin
  rht.begin(RHT03_DATA_PIN);
  
}
// RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
void isRHT03(){

  // Call rht.update() to get new humidity and temperature values from the sensor.
  int updateRet = rht.update();

  // The humidity(), tempC(), and tempF() functions can be called -- after 
  // a successful update() -- to get the last humidity and temperature value 
  latestHumidity = rht.humidity();
  latestTempC = rht.tempC();

}

getRTC.ino

// DS3231 RTC Date and Time
// Setup DS3231 RTC
void isSetupRTC() {

  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    while (1);
  }

  if (rtc.lostPower()) {
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    // rtc.adjust(DateTime(2014, 1, 21, 3, 0, 0));
  }
  
}
// DS3231 RTC Date and Time
void isRTC(){
 
    // Date and Time
    sDate = "";
    sTime = "";
    // Date Time
    DateTime now = rtc.now();

    // sData
    sDate += String(now.year(), DEC);
    sDate += "/";
    sDate += String(now.month(), DEC);
    sDate += "/";
    sDate += String(now.day(), DEC);
  
    // sTime
    sTime += String(now.hour(), DEC);
    sTime += ":";
    sTime += String(now.minute(), DEC);
    sTime += ":";
    sTime += String(now.second(), DEC);
    
}

getSD.ino

// MicroSD Card
// MicroSD Setup
void setupSD() {

  // MicroSD Card
  if (!SD.begin(chipSelect)) {

     while (true);

  }
 
}
// MicroSD Card
void isSD() {

  zzzzzz = "";

  // Don Luc Electronics © (1983-2021)
  // Arduino Data
  // EEPROM Unique ID
  // Version
  // Date
  // Time
  // Temperature Celsius
  // Humidity
  // Hydrogen Gas Sensor - MQ-8
  // Carbon Monoxide & Flammable Gas Sensor - MQ-9
  // Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor - MQ-7
  // Alcohol Gas Sensor - MQ-3
  // PIR Motion
  // HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor
  // EEPROM Unique ID|Version|Date|Time|Temperature Celsius|Humidity|MQ-8|MQ-9|MQ-7|MQ-3|PIR Motion|HC-SR04|
  zzzzzz = uid + "|" + sver + "|" + sDate + "|" + sTime + "|" + latestTempC + "|" + latestHumidity + "|"
  + iMQ8ppm + "|" + iMQ9ppm + "|" + iMQ7ppm + "|" + 
  iMQ3ppm + "|" + Det + "|" + distance + "|";

  
  // Open the file. Note that only one file can be open at a time,
  // so you have to close this one before opening another.

  File dataFile = SD.open("arddata.txt", FILE_WRITE);

  // If the file is available, write to it:
  if ( dataFile ) {

    dataFile.println( zzzzzz );

    dataFile.close();

  }
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup()
{
    
  // EEPROM Unique ID
  isUID();
  
  // RHT Temperature and Humidity Sensor
  // Setup RTH03 Temperature and Humidity Sensor
  setupRTH03();

  // PIR Motion
  // Setup PIR
  setupPIR();

  // Setup DS3231 RTC
  isSetupRTC();

  //MicroSD Card
  setupSD();

  // Initialize the LED Green
  pinMode(iLEDGreen, OUTPUT);
  // iLEDGreen LOW
  digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  LOW );

  // Slide Switch
  pinMode(iSS1, INPUT);

  // Setup HC-SR04
  setupHCSR04();

  // Adafruit RGB LCD Shield
  isSetupRGBLCDShield();

}

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