Project #11: ESP32 Feather – EMF Meter – Mk09

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EMF Meter

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EMF Meter

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EMF Meter

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EMF Meter

EMF measurements are measurements of ambient electromagnetic fields that are performed using particular sensors or probes, such as EMF meters. These probes can be generally considered as antennas although with different characteristics. In fact probes should not perturb the electromagnetic field and must prevent coupling and reflection as much as possible in order to obtain precise results.

EMF probes may respond to fields only on one axis. Amplified, active, probes can improve measurement precision and sensitivity but their active components may limit their speed of response.

DL1910Mk01

1 x Adafruit HUZZAH32 ESP32 Feather
1 x Adafruit SHARP Memory Display
1 x Adafruit Adalogger FeatherWing – RTC + SD
1 x CR1220 12mm Lithium Battery
1 x 8Gb Micro SD Card
1 x RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
1 x GPS Receiver GP-20U
1 x LED Green
1 x Rocker Switches
1 x 100 Ohm
1 x 10K Ohm
1 x 3.3M Ohm
1 x Antenna
14 x Jumper Wires 3″ M/M
6 x Jumper Wires 6″ M/M
2 x Wire
1 x Full-Size Breadboard
1 x Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

Adafruit HUZZAH32 ESP32 Feather

LG1 – Digital 21
RO1 – Digital 16
RHT – Digital 17
SCK – Digital 13
MOS – Digital 12
SSD – Digital 27
SDA – Digital 23
SCL – Digital 22
SD1 – Digital 33
SC2 – Digital 5
MO2 – Digital 18
MI2 – Digital 19
GPS – Digital 4
EMF – Analog A0
GND – GND
VIN – +3.3V

DL1910Mk01.ino

// ***** Don Luc Electronics *****
// Software Version Information
// Project #11: HUZZAH32 ESP32 Feather - EMF - Mk09
// 10-01
// DL1910Mk01p.ino 11-09
// Adafruit HUZZAH32 ESP32 Feather Board
// SHARP Display
// LED Green
// Adalogger FeatherWing - RTC + SD
// EEPROM
// RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
// Rocker Switches
// GPS Receiver
// EMF Meter (Single Axis)

// include Library Code
// SHARP Memory Display
#include <Adafruit_SharpMem.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
// Date and Time
#include "RTClib.h"
// EEPROM library to read EEPROM with unique ID for unit
#include "EEPROM.h"
// RHT Humidity and Temperature Sensor
#include <SparkFun_RHT03.h>
// SD Card
#include "FS.h"
#include "SD.h"
#include "SPI.h"
// GPS Receiver
#include <TinyGPS++.h>
#include <HardwareSerial.h>

// SHARP Memory Display
// any pins can be used
#define SHARP_SCK  13
#define SHARP_MOSI 12
#define SHARP_SS   27
// Set the size of the display here, e.g. 144x168!
Adafruit_SharpMem display(SHARP_SCK, SHARP_MOSI, SHARP_SS, 144, 168);
// The currently-available SHARP Memory Display (144x168 pixels)
// requires > 4K of microcontroller RAM; it WILL NOT WORK on Arduino Uno
// or other <4K "classic" devices!
#define BLACK 0
#define WHITE 1
int minorHalfSize; // 1/2 of lesser of display width or height

// LED Green
int iLEDGreen =  21;                 // LED Green

// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
RTC_PCF8523 rtc;
String dateRTC = "";
String timeRTC = "";

// RHT Humidity and Temperature Sensor
const int RHT03_DATA_PIN = 17;          // RHT03 data pin Digital 17
RHT03 rht;                              // This creates a RTH03 object, which we'll use to interact with the sensor
float latestHumidity;
float latestTempC;
float latestTempF;

// SD Card
const int chipSelect = 33;              // SD Card
String zzzzzz = "";

// Rocker Switches
int iRow1 = 16;                         // Rocker Switches Digital 16
int iRow1State = 0;                     // Variable for reading the pushbutton status

// ESP32 HardwareSerial
HardwareSerial tGPS(2);

// GPS Receiver
#define gpsRXPIN 4
#define gpsTXPIN 36                     // This one is unused and doesnt have a conection
// The TinyGPS++ object
TinyGPSPlus gps;
float TargetLat;
float TargetLon;
int Status = 0;

// EMF Meter (Single Axis)
#define NUMREADINGS 15                    // Raise this number to increase data smoothing
int senseLimit = 15;                      // Raise this number to decrease sensitivity (up to 1023 max)
int val = 0;                              // Val
int iEMF = A0;                            // EMF Meter
int readings[ NUMREADINGS ];              // Readings from the analog input
int ind = 0;                              // Index of the current reading
int total = 0;                            // Running total
int average = 0;                          // Final average of the probe reading
int iEMFDis = 0;
int iEMFRect = 0;

// The current address in the EEPROM (i.e. which byte
// we're going to  read to next)
#define EEPROM_SIZE 64
String sver = "10-1.p";
// Unit ID information
String uid = "";

void loop() {

  // Receives NEMA data from GPS receiver
  // This sketch displays information every time a new sentence is correctly encoded.
  while ( tGPS.available() > 0)
    if (gps.encode( tGPS.read() ))
    {
     displayInfo();
    }
  
  if (millis() > 5000 && gps.charsProcessed() < 10)
  {
    while(true);
  }

  // Date and Time 
  isRTC();
  
  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  isRHT03();
  
  // SHARP Memory Display On
  isDisplayOn();
  
  // Rocker Switched
  // Read the state of the iRow1 value
  iRow1State = digitalRead(iRow1);

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
  isEMF();

  // Check if the pushbutton is pressed. If it is, the buttonState is HIGH:
  if (iRow1State == HIGH) {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  HIGH );
    // SD Card
    isSD();

  } else {

    // iLEDGreen
    digitalWrite(iLEDGreen,  LOW );
  
  }
   
  // Delay 
  delay( 1000 );

}

getDisplay.ino

// SHARP Memory Display On
void isDisplayOn() {

    // Clear Display
    display.clearDisplay();
    // text display date, time, LED on
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    display.setCursor(0,1);
    display.println( dateRTC );
    display.setCursor(0,17);
    display.println( timeRTC );   
    //display.setTextSize(2);    
    display.setCursor(0,35);
    display.print("Lon: ");
    display.println( TargetLon );
    display.setCursor(0,55);
    display.print("Lat: ");
    display.println( TargetLat );
    display.setCursor(0,74);
    display.print("Hum: ");
    display.print( latestHumidity );
    display.println("%");
    display.setCursor(0,94);
    display.print("Cel: ");
    display.print( latestTempC );
    display.println("*C");
    display.setCursor(0,114);
    display.print("EMF: ");
    display.println( iEMFDis );
    display.setCursor(0,134);
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.println( "0  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9  10" );
    display.setCursor(0,144);
    display.drawRect(0, 144, iEMFRect , display.height(), BLACK);
    display.fillRect(0, 144, iEMFRect , display.height(), BLACK);
    display.refresh();

}
// SHARP Memory Display - UID
void isDisplayUID() {

    // text display EEPROM
    display.setRotation(4);
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    display.setCursor(0,20);
    display.print( "UID: " );
    display.println( uid );
   // display.setTextSize();
    display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    display.setCursor(0,45);
    display.print( "VER: ");
    display.println( sver  );
    display.refresh();
    delay( 100 );
    
}

getEEPROM.ino

// EEPROM
void GetUID()
{
  
  // Get unit ID
  uid = "";
  for (int x = 0; x < 5; x++)
  {
    uid = uid + char(EEPROM.read(x));
  }
  
}

getEMF.ino

// EMF Meter (Single Axis)
// setupEMF
void setupEMF() {

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
  pinMode( iEMF, OUTPUT ); // EMF Meter
  for (int i = 0; i < NUMREADINGS; i++){
    readings[ i ] = 0;     // Initialize all the readings to 0
  }
  
}
// isEMF
void isEMF(){

  // Probe
  val = analogRead( iEMF );                    // Take a reading from the probe
  
  if( val >= 1 ){                              // If the reading isn't zero, proceed

    val = constrain( val, 1, senseLimit );     // Turn any reading higher than the senseLimit value into the senseLimit value
    val = map( val, 1, senseLimit, 1, 1023 );  // Remap the constrained value within a 1 to 1023 range

    total -= readings[ ind ];                  // Subtract the last reading
    readings[ ind ] = val;                     // Read from the sensor
    total += readings[ ind ];                  // Add the reading to the total
    ind = ( ind + 1 );                         // Advance to the next index

    if ( ind >= NUMREADINGS ) {                // If we're at the end of the array...
      ind = 0;                                 // ...wrap around to the beginning
    }  

    average = total / NUMREADINGS;             // Calculate the average

  }
  else
  {
      
    iEMFRect = 0;
    val = 0;
    average = 0;
    
  }

  iEMFDis = average;
  iEMFRect = map( average, 1, 1023, 1, 144 );
    
}

getGPS.ino

// GPS Receiver
void setupGPS() {

  // Setup GPS
  tGPS.begin(  9600 , SERIAL_8N1, gpsRXPIN, gpsTXPIN );
  
}
// GPS Vector Pointer Target
void displayInfo()
{

  // Location
  if (gps.location.isValid())
  {
    
    TargetLat = gps.location.lat();
    TargetLon = gps.location.lng();
    Status = 2;
    
  }
  else
  {

    Status = 0;
    
  }

}

getRHT.ino

// RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
void isRHT03(){

  // Call rht.update() to get new humidity and temperature values from the sensor.
  int updateRet = rht.update();

  // The humidity(), tempC(), and tempF() functions can be called -- after 
  // a successful update() -- to get the last humidity and temperature value 
  latestHumidity = rht.humidity();
  latestTempC = rht.tempC();
  latestTempF = rht.tempF();
  
}

getRTCpcf8523.ino

// PCF8523 Precision RTC 
void setupRTC() {

  // pcf8523 Precision RTC   
  if (! rtc.begin()) {
    while (1);
  }  
  if (! rtc.initialized()) {
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    rtc.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
    // This line sets the RTC with an explicit date & time, for example to set
    // January 21, 2014 at 3am you would call:
    // rtc.adjust(DateTime(2018, 9, 29, 12, 17, 0));
  }
  
}
// Date and Time RTC
void isRTC () {

  // Date and Time
  DateTime now = rtc.now();
  // Date
  dateRTC = now.year(), DEC; 
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.month(), DEC;
  dateRTC = dateRTC + "/";
  dateRTC = dateRTC + now.day(), DEC;
  // Time
  timeRTC = now.hour(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.minute(), DEC;
  timeRTC = timeRTC + ":";
  timeRTC = timeRTC + now.second(), DEC;
  
}

getSD.ino

// SD Card
void setupSD() {

  // SD Card
    pinMode( chipSelect , OUTPUT );
    if(!SD.begin( chipSelect )){
        ;  
        return;
    }
    uint8_t cardType = SD.cardType();

    if(cardType == CARD_NONE){
        ; 
        return;
    }

    //Serial.print("SD Card Type: ");
    if(cardType == CARD_MMC){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SD){
        ; 
    } else if(cardType == CARD_SDHC){
        ; 
    } else {
        ; 
    } 

    uint64_t cardSize = SD.cardSize() / (1024 * 1024);
  
}
// SD Card
void isSD() {

  zzzzzz = "";

  zzzzzz = uid + "|" + sver + "|" + dateRTC + "|" + timeRTC + "|" + Status + "|" + TargetLon + "|" + TargetLat + "|" + latestHumidity + "|" + latestTempC + "|" + latestTempF + "|" + average + "|\r";

  char msg[zzzzzz.length() + 1];

  zzzzzz.toCharArray(msg, zzzzzz.length() + 1);

  appendFile(SD, "/espdata.txt", msg );
  
}
// List Dir
void listDir(fs::FS &fs, const char * dirname, uint8_t levels){
    dirname;
    File root = fs.open(dirname);
    if(!root){
        return;
    }
    if(!root.isDirectory()){
        return;
    }

    File file = root.openNextFile();
    while(file){
        if(file.isDirectory()){
            file.name();
            if(levels){
                listDir(fs, file.name(), levels -1);
            }
        } else {
            file.name();
            file.size();
        }
        file = root.openNextFile();
    }
}
// Write File
void writeFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    path;
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_WRITE);
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    file.close();
}
// Append File
void appendFile(fs::FS &fs, const char * path, const char * message){
    //Serial.printf("Appending to file: %s\n", path);
    path;
    File file = fs.open(path, FILE_APPEND);
    if(!file){
        return;
    }
    if(file.print(message)){
        ;  
    } else {
        ;  
    }
    file.close();
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() {

  // EEPROM with unique ID
  EEPROM.begin(EEPROM_SIZE);
   
  // Get Unit ID
  GetUID();

  // GPS Receiver
  // Setup GPS
  setupGPS();
  
  // SHARP Display start & clear the display
  display.begin();
  display.clearDisplay();

  isDisplayUID();

  delay( 5000 );
  
  // Initialize the LED Green
  pinMode(iLEDGreen, OUTPUT);

  // PCF8523 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();

  // Date and Time RTC
  isRTC();

  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  // Call rht.begin() to initialize the sensor and our data pin
  rht.begin(RHT03_DATA_PIN);

  // SD Card
  setupSD();

  // Rocker Switches
  pinMode(iRow1, INPUT);

  // EMF Meter (Single Axis)
  setupEMF();

}

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Don Luc

Project #10: ESP8266 Thing – Precision RTC – Mk04

DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing

A Feather board without ambition is a Feather board without FeatherWings! This is the DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing: it adds an extremely accurate I2C-integrated Real Time Clock (RTC) with a Temperature Compensated Crystal Oscillator to any Feather main board. This RTC is the most precise you can get in a small, low power package. Most RTCs use an external 32kHz timing crystal that is used to keep time with low current draw.

With a CR1220 12mm lithium battery plugged into the top of the FeatherWing, you can get years of precision timekeeping, even when main power is lost. Great for datalogging and clocks, or anything where you need to really know the time.

DonLuc1901Mk03

1 x SparkFun ESP8266 Thing
1 x SparkFun FTDI Basic Breakout – 3.3V
1 x DS3231 Precision RTC FeatherWing
1 x RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
6 x Jumper Wires 3″ M/M
3 x Jumper Wires 6″ M/M
1 x Full-Size Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

SparkFun ESP8266 Thing

LG1 – Digital 5
RHT – Digital 4
SDA – Digital 2
SCL – Digital 14
GND – GND
VIN – +3.3V

DonLuc1901Mk03p.ino

// ***** Don Luc Electronics *****
// Software Version Information
// Project #10: SparkFun ESP8266 Thing – DS3231 Precision RTC  - Mk04
// 01-03
// DonLuc1901Mk03p.ino 01-03
// SparkFun ESP8266 Thing
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
// RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor

// Include Library Code
// WiFi
#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
// RHT Humidity and Temperature Sensor
#include <SparkFun_RHT03.h>
// DS3231 Precision RTC 
#include <RTClib.h>
#include <Wire.h>

// WiFi Definitions 
const char WiFiAPPSK[] = "donlucmk01";

// Pin Definitions 
const int LED_PIN = 5;                  // Thing's onboard, green LED
const int ANALOG_PIN = A0;              // The only analog pin on the Thing
const int DIGITAL_PIN = 12;             // Digital pin to be read

// WiFi
WiFiServer server(80);

// RHT Humidity and Temperature Sensor
const int RHT03_DATA_PIN = 4;           // RHT03 data pin Digital 4
RHT03 rht;                              // This creates a RTH03 object, which we'll use to interact with the sensor
float latestHumidity;
float latestTempC;
float latestTempF;

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
RTC_DS3231 RTC;
String sDate;
String sTime;
  
void loop() 
{

  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  isRHT03();

  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  timeRTC();
  
  // Check if a client has connected
  WiFiClient client = server.available();
  if (!client) {
    return;
  }

  // Read the first line of the request
  String req = client.readStringUntil('\r');
  Serial.println(req);
  client.flush();

  // Match the request
  int val = -1; // We'll use 'val' to keep track of both the request type (read/set) and value if set.
  if (req.indexOf("/led/0") != -1)
    val = 0; // Will write LED low
  else if (req.indexOf("/led/1") != -1)
    val = 1; // Will write LED high
  else if (req.indexOf("/read") != -1)
    val = -2; // Will print pin reads
  // Otherwise request will be invalid. We'll say as much in HTML
  // Set GPIO5 according to the request
  if (val >= 0)
    digitalWrite(LED_PIN, val);

  client.flush();

  // Prepare the response. Start with the common header:
  String s = "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n";
  s += "Content-Type: text/html\r\n\r\n";
  s += "<!DOCTYPE HTML>\r\n<html>\r\n";
  // If we're setting the LED, print out a message saying we did
  if (val >= 0)
  {
    s += "LED is now ";
    s += (val)?"on":"off";
  }
  else if (val == -2)
  { // If we're reading pins, print out those values:
    s += "Date = ";
    s += sDate;
    s += "<br>";
    s += "Time = ";
    s += sTime;
    s += "<br>";
    s += "Analog Pin = ";
    s += String(analogRead(ANALOG_PIN));
    s += "<br>";                                       // Go to the next line.
    s += "Digital Pin 12 = ";
    s += String(digitalRead(DIGITAL_PIN));
    s += "<br>";                                       // Go to the next line.
    s += "Humidity and Temperature";
    s += "<br>";                                       // Go to the next line.    
    s += "Humidity : ";
    s += String(latestHumidity);                       // Humidity
    s += "%";
    s += "<br>"; // Go to the next line.
    s += "Celsius: ";
    s += String(latestTempC);                          //  Temperature *C
    s += "*C";
    s += "<br>"; // Go to the next line.
    s += "Fahrenheit: ";
    s += String(latestTempF);                          // Temperature *F 
    s += "*F";        
  }
  else
  {
    s += "Invalid Request.<br> Try /led/1, /led/0, or /read.";
  }
  s += "</html>\n";

  // Send the response to the client
  client.print(s);
  delay(1);
  Serial.println("Client disonnected");

  // The client will actually be disconnected when the function returns and 'client' object is detroyed
  
}

getRHT.ino

// RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
void isRHT03(){

  // Call rht.update() to get new humidity and temperature values from the sensor.
  int updateRet = rht.update();

  // The humidity(), tempC(), and tempF() functions can be called -- after 
  // a successful update() -- to get the last humidity and temperature value 
  latestHumidity = rht.humidity();
  latestTempC = rht.tempC();
  latestTempF = rht.tempF();
  
}

getRTCDS3231.ino

// DS3231 Precision RTC 
void setupRTC() {

  // DS3231 Precision RTC   
  RTC.begin();
  if (! RTC.begin()) {
    while (1);
  }
  
  DateTime now = RTC.now();

  if (RTC.lostPower()) {
    // Following line sets the RTC to the date & time this sketch was compiled
    RTC.adjust(DateTime(F(__DATE__), F(__TIME__)));
  }
  
}
// timeRTC
void timeRTC() {

    // DS3231 Precision RTC 
    sDate = "";
    sTime = "";
    
    DateTime now = RTC.now();

    // sData
    sDate += String(now.year(), DEC);
    sDate += "/";
    sDate += String(now.month(), DEC);
    sDate += "/";
    sDate += String(now.day(), DEC);
    
    // sTime
    sTime += String(now.hour(), DEC);
    sTime += ":";
    sTime += String(now.minute(), DEC);
    sTime += ":";
    sTime += String(now.second(), DEC);

}

setWiFi.ino

// WiFi
void setupWiFi()
{
  
  // WiFi mode WIFI_AP
  WiFi.mode(WIFI_AP);

  // Append the last two bytes of the MAC (HEX'd) to "Thing-":
  uint8_t mac[WL_MAC_ADDR_LENGTH];
  WiFi.softAPmacAddress(mac);
  String macID = String(mac[WL_MAC_ADDR_LENGTH - 2], HEX) +
                 String(mac[WL_MAC_ADDR_LENGTH - 1], HEX);
  macID.toUpperCase();
  String AP_NameString = "ESP8266 Thing " + macID;

  char AP_NameChar[AP_NameString.length() + 1];
  memset(AP_NameChar, 0, AP_NameString.length() + 1);

  for (int i=0; i<AP_NameString.length(); i++)
    AP_NameChar[i] = AP_NameString.charAt(i);

  WiFi.softAP(AP_NameChar, WiFiAPPSK);
  
}
// init Hardware
void initHardware()
{

  // Serial
  Serial.begin(115200);
  // LED Green
  pinMode(DIGITAL_PIN, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(LED_PIN, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, LOW);
  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  // Call rht.begin() to initialize the sensor and our data pin
  rht.begin(RHT03_DATA_PIN);
  // DS3231 Precision RTC 
  setupRTC();
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() 
{

  // Hardware
  initHardware();
  // WiFi
  setupWiFi();
  server.begin();
  
}

Don Luc

Project #10: ESP8266 Thing – Web Server – Mk03

AP Web Server

Not only can the ESP8266 connect to a WiFi network and interact with the Internet, but it can also set up a network of its own, allowing other devices to connect directly to it. This example demonstrates how to turn the ESP8266 into an access point (AP), and serve up web pages to any connected client.

After uploading this sketch, find another device that you can connect to a WiFi network – phone, laptop, etc. Look for a network called “Thing-XXXX”, where XXXX is the last 2 bytes of the Thing’s MAC address.

WiFi => Yes

ESP8266 Thing XXXX

He sketch sets the network’s password to “donlucmk01”.

After connecting to your Thing’s AP network, load up a browser and point it to 192.168.4.1/read. The Thing should serve up a web page showing you its ADC and digital pin 12 readings:

Analog Pin = XXX
Digital Pin: XXX
Humidity and Temperature
Humidity: XX.XX%
Celsius: XX.XX*C
Fahrenheit: XX.XX*F

LED Green

After that, give 192.168.4.1/led/0 (No) and 192.168.4.1/led/1 (Yes) a try, and keep an eye on the Thing’s green LED while you do.

RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor

The RHT03 is a low cost humidity and temperature sensor with a single wire digital interface. The sensor is calibrated and doesn’t require extra components so you can get right to measuring relative humidity and temperature.

DonLuc1901Mk02

1 x SparkFun ESP8266 Thing
1 x SparkFun FTDI Basic Breakout – 3.3V
1 x RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
3 x Jumper Wires 6″ M/M
1 x Full-Size Breadboard
1 x SparkFun Cerberus USB Cable

SparkFun ESP8266 Thing

LG1 – Digital 5
RHT – Digital 4
GND – GND
VIN – +3.3V

DonLuc1901Mk02p.ino

// ***** Don Luc Electronics *****
// Software Version Information
// Project #10: SparkFun ESP8266 Thing – AP Web Server - Mk02
// 01-02
// DonLuc1901Mk01p.ino 01-02
// SparkFun ESP8266 Thing
// AP Web Server
// RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor

// Include Library Code
#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <SparkFun_RHT03.h>

// WiFi Definitions 
const char WiFiAPPSK[] = "donlucmk01";

// Pin Definitions 
const int LED_PIN = 5;                  // Thing's onboard, green LED
const int ANALOG_PIN = A0;              // The only analog pin on the Thing
const int DIGITAL_PIN = 12;             // Digital pin to be read

// WiFi
WiFiServer server(80);

// RHT Humidity and Temperature Sensor
const int RHT03_DATA_PIN = 4;           // RHT03 data pin Digital 4
RHT03 rht;                              // This creates a RTH03 object, which we'll use to interact with the sensor
float latestHumidity;
float latestTempC;
float latestTempF;
  
void loop() 
{

  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  isRHT03();

  // Check if a client has connected
  WiFiClient client = server.available();
  if (!client) {
    return;
  }

  // Read the first line of the request
  String req = client.readStringUntil('\r');
  Serial.println(req);
  client.flush();

  // Match the request
  int val = -1; // We'll use 'val' to keep track of both the request type (read/set) and value if set.
  if (req.indexOf("/led/0") != -1)
    val = 0; // Will write LED low
  else if (req.indexOf("/led/1") != -1)
    val = 1; // Will write LED high
  else if (req.indexOf("/read") != -1)
    val = -2; // Will print pin reads
  // Otherwise request will be invalid. We'll say as much in HTML
  // Set GPIO5 according to the request
  if (val >= 0)
    digitalWrite(LED_PIN, val);

  client.flush();

  // Prepare the response. Start with the common header:
  String s = "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n";
  s += "Content-Type: text/html\r\n\r\n";
  s += "<!DOCTYPE HTML>\r\n<html>\r\n";
  // If we're setting the LED, print out a message saying we did
  if (val >= 0)
  {
    s += "LED is now ";
    s += (val)?"on":"off";
  }
  else if (val == -2)
  { // If we're reading pins, print out those values:
    s += "Analog Pin = ";
    s += String(analogRead(ANALOG_PIN));
    s += "<br>";                                       // Go to the next line.
    s += "Digital Pin 12 = ";
    s += String(digitalRead(DIGITAL_PIN));
    s += "<br>";                                       // Go to the next line.
    s += "Humidity and Temperature";
    s += "<br>";                                       // Go to the next line.    
    s += "Humidity : ";
    s += String(latestHumidity);                       // Humidity
    s += "%";
    s += "<br>"; // Go to the next line.
    s += "Celsius: ";
    s += String(latestTempC);                          //  Temperature *C
    s += "*C";
    s += "<br>"; // Go to the next line.
    s += "Fahrenheit: ";
    s += String(latestTempF);                          // Temperature *F 
    s += "*F";        
  }
  else
  {
    s += "Invalid Request.<br> Try /led/1, /led/0, or /read.";
  }
  s += "</html>\n";

  // Send the response to the client
  client.print(s);
  delay(1);
  Serial.println("Client disonnected");

  // The client will actually be disconnected when the function returns and 'client' object is detroyed
  
}

getRHT.ino

// RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
void isRHT03(){

  // Call rht.update() to get new humidity and temperature values from the sensor.
  int updateRet = rht.update();

  // The humidity(), tempC(), and tempF() functions can be called -- after 
  // a successful update() -- to get the last humidity and temperature value 
  latestHumidity = rht.humidity();
  latestTempC = rht.tempC();
  latestTempF = rht.tempF();
  
}

setWiFi.ino

// WiFi
void setupWiFi()
{
  
  // WiFi mode WIFI_AP
  WiFi.mode(WIFI_AP);

  // Append the last two bytes of the MAC (HEX'd) to "Thing-":
  uint8_t mac[WL_MAC_ADDR_LENGTH];
  WiFi.softAPmacAddress(mac);
  String macID = String(mac[WL_MAC_ADDR_LENGTH - 2], HEX) +
                 String(mac[WL_MAC_ADDR_LENGTH - 1], HEX);
  macID.toUpperCase();
  String AP_NameString = "ESP8266 Thing " + macID;

  char AP_NameChar[AP_NameString.length() + 1];
  memset(AP_NameChar, 0, AP_NameString.length() + 1);

  for (int i=0; i<AP_NameString.length(); i++)
    AP_NameChar[i] = AP_NameString.charAt(i);

  WiFi.softAP(AP_NameChar, WiFiAPPSK);
  
}
// init Hardware
void initHardware()
{

  // Serial
  Serial.begin(115200);
  // LED Green
  pinMode(DIGITAL_PIN, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(LED_PIN, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(LED_PIN, LOW);
  // RHT03 Humidity and Temperature Sensor
  // Call rht.begin() to initialize the sensor and our data pin
  rht.begin(RHT03_DATA_PIN);
  
}

setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() 
{

  // Hardware
  initHardware();
  // WiFi
  setupWiFi();
  server.begin();
  
}

Don Luc

Project #10: ESP8266 Thing – Blink – Mk02

Soldering

Plated through-hole soldering (PTH), flux-core solder alloys commonly used for electrical soldering are 60/40 Sn-Pb used principally in electrical/electronic work and TENMA soldering station temperature controlled digital.

Hardware Assembly

We’re getting ahead of ourselves. To connect the FTDI programmer to your Thing you’ll need to solder something to the Thing. What, exactly, you solder to the board depends both on how you’ll use it in your project, and how you’ll interface it with the programmer. When it comes to selecting a header (or wire) to solder, there are a variety of options. We’ve tried a lot of them with the Thing:

Or you can mix and match headers to best fit your needs. Right-angle male headers may help to interface between the FTDI and the Thing. Straight male headers are a good choice for low-profile connections. Straight female headers may help with connecting to I2C sensors. And, of course, wire can be soldered to any of the pins that have a long way to connect to something.

10 pin – Break Away Headers – Straight
4 pin – Break Away Headers – Straight
6 pin – Break Away Male Headers – Right Angle

Once you’ve soldered up at least the programming port, you’re ready to load some code onto the Thing.

Programming the Thing

The ESP8266 has a built-in serial bootloader, which allows for easy programming and re-programming. You don’t need a specialized, expensive programmer – just a simple, USB-to-Serial converter. The FTDI Basic’s 6-pin header matches up exactly to the Thing’s 6-pin serial port header. To set up for programming, simply connect the FTDI directly to this port – take care to match up the DTR and GND pins.

Blink

Let’s blink some LEDs and IoT (Internet our Thing). To verify that everything works Blink: toggle pin 5, which is attached to the onboard LED Green, toggle pin 4 which is LED Green.

DonLuc1901Mk01

1 x SparkFun ESP8266 Thing
1 x SparkFun FTDI Basic Breakout – 3.3V
1 x LED Green
1 x 100 Ohm
4 x Jumper Wires 3″ M/M
1 x Full-Size Breadboard
1 x USB Cable A to Mini-B

SparkFun ESP8266 Thing

LG1 – Digital 5
LG2 – Digital 4
GND – GND
VIN – +3.3V

DonLuc1901Mk01p.ino

// ***** Don Luc Electronics *****
// Software Version Information
// Project #10: SparkFun ESP8266 Thing – Blink - Mk02
// 01-01
// DonLuc1901Mk01p.ino 01-01
// SparkFun ESP8266 Thing
// Blink

// Include Library Code

#define ESP8266_LED 5      // LED Green
int iLEDGreen = 4;         // LED Green

void loop() 
{

  // ESP8266_LED, iLEDGreen
  digitalWrite(ESP8266_LED, LOW);
  digitalWrite(iLEDGreen, LOW);
  delay(2000);
  digitalWrite(ESP8266_LED, HIGH);
  delay(2000);
  digitalWrite(ESP8266_LED, LOW);
  delay(2000);
  digitalWrite(iLEDGreen, HIGH);
  delay(2000);
  
}


setup.ino

// Setup
void setup() 
{

  // LED
  pinMode(ESP8266_LED, OUTPUT);                 // ESP8266_LED Green
  pinMode(iLEDGreen, OUTPUT);                   // LED Green
      
}

Don Luc

Project #10: SparkFun ESP8266 Thing – Mk01

Description

The SparkFun ESP8266 Thing is a breakout and development board for the ESP8266 WiFi SoC – a leading platform for Internet of Things (IoT) or WiFi-related projects. The Thing is low-cost and easy to use, and Arduino IDE integration can be achieved in just a few steps. We’ve made the ESP8266 easy to use by breaking out all of the module’s pins, adding a LiPo charger, power supply, and all of the other supporting circuitry it requires.

Why the name? We lovingly call it the “Thing” due to it being the perfect foundation for your Internet of Things project. The Thing does everything from turning on an LED to posting data with datastream, and can be programmed just like any microcontroller. You can even program the Thing through the Arduino IDE by installing the ESP8266 Arduino addon.

The SparkFun ESP8266 Thing is a relatively simple board. The pins are broken out to two parallel, breadboard-compatible rows. USB and LiPo connectors at the top of the board provide power – controlled by the nearby ON/OFF switch. LEDs towards the inside of the board indicate power, charge, and status of the IC. The ESP8266’s maximum voltage is 3.6V, so the Thing has an onboard 3.3V regulator to deliver a safe, consistent voltage to the IC. That means the ESP8266’s I/O pins also run at 3.3V, you’ll need to level shift any 5V signals running into the IC. A 3.3V FTDI Basic is required to program the SparkFun ESP8266 Thing, but other serial converters with 3.3V I/O levels should work just fine as well. The converter does need a DTR line in addition to the RX and TX pins.

Features

  • All module pins broken out
  • On-board LiPo charger/power supply
  • 802.11 b/g/n
  • Wi-Fi Direct (P2P), soft-AP
  • Integrated TCP/IP protocol stack
  • Integrated TR switch, balun, LNA, power amplifier and matching network
  • Integrated PLLs, regulators, DCXO and power management units
  • Integrated low power 32-bit CPU could be used as application processor
  • +19.5dBm output power in 802.11b mode

Don Luc